- Vice Presidents of Costa Rica
1949 Constitution of Costa Ricaestablished two Vice-Presidencies of Costa Rica, which are directly elected through a popular vote on a ticket with the President for a period of four years, with no immediate re-election. Various incarnations of this position have seen several Vice Presidents of Costa Rica. They replace the President in cases of temporary or permanent absence.
Throughout the history of independent
Costa Rica, there have been different systems to cover the temporary or permanent lack of a President. Several different names have been used for this position:
1821to 1824, the Governing Committee (Junta) selected a Vice-President.
1824to 1841there was a Vice-Head-of-State who was popularly elected.
1841to 1842there was a Second-Head-of-State, elected for life by popular vote.
1842to 1844there was a Vice-Head-of-State selected by the Constitutional Assembly.
1846to 1847there was a popularly-elected Vice-Head-of-State.
1847to 1848there was a Vice-President of the State, elected by popular vote.
1848to 1859there was a Vice-President of the Republic, selected through popular election.
1859to 1949there was a system of Designates to the Presidency, usually selected by the Legislature.
1949there have been two popularly elected Vice Presidents.
The following tables contain a list of the officials elected to the Vice-Presidential position from 1821 to 2006.
Vice Presidents of the Governing Committees of Costa Rice (1821- 1824)
Between 1821 and 1824 Costa Rica was governed through a system of Govening Committees who chose from among their members a President and a Vice-President.
Vice-Heads-of-State (1842-1844; 1846-1847)
From 1842 to 1844 and from 1846 to 1847 the country returned to the system of Vice-Heads-of-State.
Designates to the Presidency 1860-1881
In the Costa Rican constitutions of 1859, 1869 and 1871, the role of popularly elected Vice-President was replaced by two Designates to the Presidency, elected annually by Congress.
Vice-Presidents of Costa Rica (since 1949)
In accordance with the Costa Rican constitution of 7 November 1949 there are two vice presidents, popularly elected at the same time as the President.
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