Balikpapan class landing craft heavy


Balikpapan class landing craft heavy

The "Balikpapan" class LCH (Landing Craft, Heavy) were originally a class of eight vessels built for the Australian Army. Today the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) operates six vessels of this class, all the ships in the class having been transferred to the RAN while they were still under construction. The remaining two ships were transferred to the fledgling Papua New Guinea Defence Force (PNGDF) in 1975, when Papua New Guinea gained its independence. [cite book |last=Frame |first=Tom |authorlink=Tom Frame (bishop) |title=No Pleasure Cruise: the story of the Royal Australian Navy |year=2004 |publisher=Allen & Unwin |location=Crows Nest |isbn=1-74114-233-4 |pages=p 261]

The class is named after the prototype of the class HMAS "Balikpapan", which is named after the city of Balikpapan in East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, the site of an amphibious assault carried out by the 7th Australian Division during World War II. All vessels in the class are named after places in the Pacific region where the Australian Army fought with the support of the RAN during World War II.

The remaining six Australian vessels are in full commission in the RAN as of 2008. They are based at HMAS "Cairns" in Cairns, Queensland (four ships) and HMAS "Coonawarra" in Darwin, Northern Territory (two ships). At one stage in the 1990s, HMAS "Wewak" was laid up in mothballed status on a slip in Cairns.

Capabilities

The "Balikpapan" class landing craft are capable of making oceanic voyages in moderate sea states and can mate their bow ramp to the stern loading dock of the RAN's three large amphibious warfare ships (HMA Ships "Tobruk", "Kanimbla", and "Manoora") when operating in the ship to shore role.

The "Balikpapan" class landing craft are used for tactical beach lodgement, and can carry up to 180 tonnes of cargo. Indicative maximum loads include:
* 3 Leopard 1 tanks; or
* 13 M-113 armoured personnel carriers; or
* 23 quarter tonne trucks; or
* 400 fully equipped soldiers on short ship to shore voyages; or
* 60 soldiers on longer voyages.

A typical load of 175 tonnes gives the LCH a range of convert|1300|nmi|km, increasing to convert|2280|nmi|km.

As the ships are only lightly armed, they require escort in hostile or potentially hostile waters.

References

External links

* [http://www.navy.gov.au/w/index.php/Landing_Craft_Heavy Royal Australian Navy web page on "Balikpapan" class]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Landing craft — are boats and seagoing vehicles used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault. Most renowned are those used to storm the beaches of Normandy, the Mediterranean, and many Pacific… …   Wikipedia

  • HMAS Balikpapan (L 126) — is the lead ship of the Balikpapan class of heavy landing craft operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).She was laid down by Walkers Limited at Maryborough, Queensland in May 1971, launched on 15 August 1971 and commissioned into the… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Australian Navy — Badge of the Royal Australian Navy Active 1911–Present Country …   Wikipedia

  • Amphibious warfare ships of Australia — The Royal Australian Navy and Australian Army have operated 24 amphibious warfare ships. These ships have been used to transport Army units and supplies during exercises and operational deployments. World War II and Cold War shipsThe Australian… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Defence Force — Australian Defence Force …   Wikipedia

  • Downer Rail — (EDi Rail until 2 July 2007[1]) is a rail company based in Australia. Formed by a merger of Walkers[2] and Clyde Engineering, it is currently a division of Downer EDi. Downer Rail services include design, manufacture, refurbishment and… …   Wikipedia

  • HMAS Salamaua (L 131) — was a Balikpapan class landing craft heavy of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Salamaua was built by Walkers Limited at Maryborough, Queensland. She was launched on 27 July 1972, and commissioned into the RAN on 19 October 1973. Salamaua was… …   Wikipedia

  • Papua New Guinea Defence Force — The PNG flag Founded 1973 Service branches Land Element Maritime Operatio …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Royal Australian Navy — The History of the Royal Australian Navy can be traced back to 1788 and the colonisation of Australia by the British. During the period until 1859, vessels of the Royal Navy made frequent trips to the new colonies. In 1859, the Australia Squadron …   Wikipedia

  • Cairns, Queensland — ] timezone = AEST utc = +10 dist1 = 1707 dir1 = NW location1 = Brisbane dist2 = 2420 dir2 = NNW location2 = Sydney lga = Cairns Regional Council region = county = Nares stategov = fedgov = Leichhardt logosize = url = maxtemp = 29.0 mintemp = 20.1 …   Wikipedia