- Abdel Hakim Amer
Abdel Hakim Amer ( _ar. عبد الحكيم عامر) (
December 11 1919– September 14 1967) was an Egyptian military general and political leader. Born in Astal, Samallot, in the Al Minya Governoratein 1919, He served in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, took part in the 1952 Revolutionand commanded the Egyptian Armyin the Suez Crisis, the North Yemen Civil Warand the Six-Day War.
After finishing grade school, Amer attended the
CairoMilitary Academy and was commissioned into the Egyptian Army in 1939.
Amer played a leading role in the military coup that overthrew
King Faroukin 1952 and which brought General Naguib and Colonel Nasser to power. The following year, Amer was made Egypt's Chief-of-Staff. In 1956, Amer was appointed commander-in-chief of the joint military command established by Egypt and Syria. He also led the Egyptian forces against both the Israeliand allied British-French forces during the Suez Crisis.
In 1964, Amer was made first vice-president to Nasser and deputy supreme commander, with the power to rule for 60 days if the president was disabled or killed. Amer's distinguished career came to a sudden end after Egypt's defeat by Israel in the
Six-Day Warin June of 1967.
During the war when he heard about the fall of
Abu Ageilato Israel, he panicked and ordered all units in the Sinai to retreat. This order effectively meant the defeat of Egypt.He was relieved of all his posts and forced into early retirement.
Arrest, Trial and Suicide
In August that year, Amer, along with over 50 Egyptian military officers and two former ministers, were arrested for allegedly plotting a
coupto overthrow Nasser.
September 14Amer was approached in his jail cell by high-ranking Egyptian officers and was given a choice to remain there and stand trial for treason, which would inevitably have ended with his conviction and execution, or die an honorable death by taking poison. Like Rommel, Amer chose the latter option and received a full military burial. Anwar Al Sadat, who later became President of Egypt, expressed his opinion that if he was in Amer's position, he would have done the same soon after the Six-Day WarCite book
publisher = Presidio Press
isbn = 0345461924
pages = 480
last = Oren
first = Michael B.
title = Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East
date= 2003-06-03p. 381]
Abdel Hakim Amer was awarded the title
Hero of the Soviet Unionon May 13 1964[ru icon [http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=2380 Biography] at the website on Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia] .
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Abdel Hakim Amer — (11 décembre 1919 14 septembre 1967) est un leader égyptien générale et politique. Né à Astal, Samallot, en 1919. Il a servi dans la guerre israélo arabe de 1948, et a pris part à la Révolution de 1952 et a commandé l armée égyptienne dans la … Wikipédia en Français
Abdel Hakim Amer — En este artículo se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. La veracidad de su información está discutida. Por favor … Wikipedia Español
Abdel Hakim Amer — Abd al Hakim Amer Abd al Hakim Amr (arabisch عبد الحكيم عامر, DMG ʿAbd al Ḥakīm ʿĀmer, * 1919; † 1967) war ein ägyptischer General der Vereinigten Arabischen Republik unter Gamal … Deutsch Wikipedia
Abd al-Hakim Amer — (arabisch عبد الحكيم عامر, DMG ʿAbd al Ḥakīm ʿĀmer, * 1919; † 1967) war ein ägyptischer General der Vereinigten Arabischen Republik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Amer — * Amer River * Amer Sports * Beni Amer tribe;people * Amer el Maati * Amer Mohammad Rashid * Abdel Hakim Amer * Amer Delic * Amer Kamfar * Amer Jukan * Amer Alwan * Amer Sabah * Amer Haddara * Amer Latif * Amer Mohammon* Mohamed Amer Al Malky *… … Wikipedia
Gamal Abdel Nasser — Nasser redirects here. For other uses, see Nasser (disambiguation). This is an Arabic name; the family name is Abdel Nasser. Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein جمال عبد الناصر حسين … Wikipedia
Berlenti Abdel Hamid — Berlenti Abdel Hamid, en 1986 dans le film « Madame… Au nom de qui ? »[1 … Wikipédia en Français
Gamal Abdel Nasser — Pour les articles homonymes, voir an Nasir. Gamal Abdel Nasser جمال عبد الناصر … Wikipédia en Français
Abd al-Hakim Amr — Abd al Hakim Amer Abd al Hakim Amr (arabisch عبد الحكيم عامر, DMG ʿAbd al Ḥakīm ʿĀmer, * 1919; † 1967) war ein ägyptischer General der Vereinigten Arabischen Republik unter Gamal … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gamal Abdel Nasser — (arabisch جمال عبد الناصر, DMG Ǧamāl ʿAbd an Nāṣir; * 15. Januar 1918 in Alexandria; † 28. September 1970 in … Deutsch Wikipedia