William James Mayo

William James Mayo

Infobox Scientist
name = William Mayo
box_width =

image_width =300px
caption = BG William Mayo in the Army Medical Reserve
birth_date = June 29, 1861
birth_place =
death_date = July 28, 1939)
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = United States
ethnicity =
field =
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Mayo Clinic
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

William James Mayo (June 29, 1861 – July 28, 1939) was a physician in the United States and one of the seven founders of the Mayo Clinic. He and his brother, Charles Horace Mayo, both joined their father's private medical practice in Rochester, Minnesota, USA, after graduating from medical school in the 1880s. In 1919, this private medical practice became the not-for-profit Mayo Clinic.

Dr. Stinchfield was asked to join the medical practice in 1892 by William Worrall Mayo. Once Dr. Stinchfield was on board, W. W. Mayo retired at age 73. Other asked to join the practice were Drs. C. Graham, E. Starr Judd, Henry Stanley Plummer, Melvin Millet and Donald Balfour. This group of doctors, along with their dedicated staff, created the world's first private integrated group practice. The generosity of the Mayo brothers and partners insured the future growth of the Mayo Clinic.

Early years

Dr. Will Mayo was born to William Worrall Mayo and his wife Louise in Le Sueur, Minnesota in his parents' home. As a child, William and his brother Charles frequently accompanied their father as he went about his business as a pioneer physician. They began by helping out with very menial tasks, and were gradually given more responsibility. Eventually, the boys were administering anesthesia and tying off blood vessels.

On a stormy night at the age of 16, Will accompanied his father to an abandoned hotel where one of the elder Mayo's patients worked as the caretaker. The patient had just died and Dr. Mayo was going to perform an autopsy. Will stood by and watched the procedure and after about an hour, it was time to go to another patient's home. Dr. Mayo asked his son to stay behind and clean up. "Sew up the incisions and then tuck the sheet around the corpse. When you finish, go right home." Will nervously began to stitch up the incisions on the body and recounted the incident many years later saying, "I'm about as proud of the fact that I walked out, instead of ran, as of anything else I ever made myself do".

Education and professional work

Mayo earned his medical degree from the University of Michigan in 1883. Afterwards he returned to Rochester to practice medicine alongside his father and his brother Charles.

On August 21, 1883, a terrible tornado struck Rochester, killing 24 people and seriously injuring over 40 others. One-third of the town was destroyed, but young Dr. Will and his family escaped serious harm. The relief efforts began immediately with a temporary hospital being established at the town's dance hall. The Mayo Drs. were extensively involved in treating the injured who were brought there for help. Mother Alfred Moes and the Sisters of Saint Francis were called in to act as nurses (despite the fact they were trained as teachers and had little if any medical experience).

After the crisis had subsided, Mother Alfred Moes approached William Worrall Mayo about establishing a hospital in Rochester. On September 30, 1889, the dream became reality as Saint Mary's Hospital opened its doors. Dr. W.W. Mayo (who by this time was 70 years of age) became the consulting physician and surgeon at the hospital, and his two sons began seeing patients and performing surgery with the assistance of the Sisters of Saint Francis. Mayo died in 1939 in Rochester, MN and is buried near his parents and brother at Oakwood Cemetery in Rochester.

The United States Postal Service printed a stamp depicting him and his brother, Charles Horace Mayo, on September 11, 1964.


* Clapesattle, Helen. "The Doctors Mayo", University of Minnesota Press (1975). ISBN 0-8166-0465-7

External links

* [http://www.mayoclinic.org/tradition-heritage/ Mayo Clinic History]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • William James Mayo — US Briefmarken zu Ehren William Worrall Mayo und William James Mayo, 1964 William James Mayo (* 29. Juni 1861 in Le Sueur, Minnesota; † 28. Juli 1939 in Rochester, Minnesota), genannt Will Mayo, war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg und Mitgründer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William James Mayo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mayo. William James Mayo Naissance 29 juin 1861 Le Sueur Décès 28 juillet 1939 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Worrall Mayo — (May 31, 1819 ndash; March 6, 1911) was an English born medical doctor and chemist, best known for establishing the private medical practice that later evolved into the Mayo Clinic. His sons, William James Mayo and Charles Horace Mayo, joined the …   Wikipedia

  • William Worrall Mayo — US Briefmarken zu Ehren William Worrall Mayo und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Worrall Mayo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mayo. William Worrall Mayo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William James Beal — Nacimiento 11 de marzo 1833 Adrian, Míchigan Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • William James Sidis — William James Sidis, 1914. William James Sidis (Nació el 1 de abril de 1898 en Nueva York se cree que murió de una embolia cerebral según un mito popular, el 17 de julio de 1944) es considerado como una de las personas más inteligentes de las que …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mayo,William James — Ma·yo (māʹō), William James. 1861 1939. American surgeon who with his brother Charles Horace Mayo (1865 1939) founded the Mayo Clinic, a renowned private medical center in Rochester, Minnesota. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dr. William W. Mayo House — Not to be confused with Dr. William J. Mayo House in Rochester, Minnesota Dr. William W. Mayo House U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Dr. William J. Mayo House — Not to be confused with Dr. William W. Mayo House in Le Sueur, Minnesota Dr. William J. Mayo House U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»