Graduate Institute of International Studies

Graduate Institute of International Studies

name = Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI)

established = 1927
type = Public
director = Philippe Burrin
students = 600
city = Geneva
country = Switzerland
nickname = HEI
website= []

The Graduate Institute of International Studies, best known as HEI, was founded in 1927, at the time of the League of Nations, as one of the first institutions in the world dedicated to the study of international relations. A small and selective institution with about 1000 students from over 90 countries, the prestigious institution owes its reputation to: the quality of its cosmopolitan faculty, the strength of its core disciplines (Economics, History, Law and Political Science), its policy-relevant approach to international affairs, and its bilingual English-French education programmes.


The Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI) was founded in 1927 at the time of the League of Nations by William Rappard and Paul Mantoux. It is, in accordance with its statutes, "an institution intended to provide to students of all nations the means of undertaking and pursuing international studies, most notably of an historic, judicial, economic, political and social nature."

The Institute was created in Geneva in light of the development of different international and intergovernmental institutions that were established there. It was for a long time one of the few academic institutions in the world to deal exclusively with international relations, thus contributing to the renown of international Geneva. It represents a unique interface between the theory and practice of international relations and responds to the growing importance of international relations in today's world.

HEI is located in a beautiful park on the shores of Lake Geneva, very close to numerous international organisations, NGOs, as well as many multinational firms. This location is ideally suited for conducting fundamental and applied research on contemporary issues and fostering policy debates among academics, diplomats and decision-makers.

The Institution

An autonomous institution of graduate studies and research, HEI is constituted as a Swiss private law foundation. It shares a convention with the University of Geneva and is administered by the Foundation Board that assembles academics, politicians, people of public live and practicioners.

Academic Profile

The institute offers an interdisciplinary Master in International Affairs as well as a Master and Ph.D. in International Studies, with specialization in International Economics, International History and Politics, International Law or Political Science.

Courses are bilingual English-French.

Study Programmes

HEI was one of the first higher-education institutions in the world to specialize in the study of international relations. Today it is one of the centres of excellence in this field due to the quality of its faculty, the selection of its students and the relevance of the subjects taught.

The following degrees are offered:

*Master in International Affairs (MIA) []

*Master in International Studies (MIS) []

*Ph. D. in International Studies []

*Certificate in International Studies []

Summer Programmes

During the summer 2007, HEI is offering its first Summer programmes:

*Summer Programme on International Affairs and Multilateral Governance []

*Summer Programme on WTO Studies []
*Global Health Diplomacy []

Exchange Programmes

Exchange agreements have been signed with the following institutions:
*Elliott School of International Affairs (George Washington University).
*Graduate School of International Studies (Yonsei University)
*Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris, Sciences Po
*Lee Kuan Yew School of International Public Policy (Singapore National University)
*University of St. Gallen
*Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (Yale University)

Further exchange agreements within the International Law Department have been signed with:
*Georgetown University Law Center
*Harvard Law School
*Michigan Law School

These agreements allow a small number of Master or Ph.D. students to spend one semester abroad in order to obtain credits or do research. Selection for these exchange programmes is based on academic merit. []

pecial Programmes and Research Centers

The Graduate Institute houses and is associated with a diverse array of specialized programmes and centres. Although the work of these programmes is separate from the teaching programme of the Institute, they enrich Institute life by providing research opportunities, public events, guest speakers, specialized resources, or other opportunities to Institute faculty and students. []

In addition, the Institute has its own publications. HEI books are published by Presses Universitaires de France, while the journal "Relations internationales" [] is published four times a year and deals with historical issues of the 19th and 20th century.


HEI and the Graduate Institute of Development Studies (IUED) merged in 2008 to create a new institution, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID).

This new Institute will combine in a unique manner the fields of Development and International Relations and will offer a much wider choice of teaching and research activities.

The existing degree programmes (Master’s and Ph.D. in Development Studies, Master’s in International Affairs, Master’s and Ph.D. in International Studies) will continue to be offered in the following years.

For several years now there are plans to bring together different centers in the area of international peace and security in one building, the Maison de la Paix. This would allow to bring together the offices of the different sections under one roof, so far they are distributed to different buildings. The plans for a new building have been rediscussed with the creation of the new institute HEID.

Prominent Graduates

*Hédi Annabi, United Nations Assistant-Secretary General, Department of Peacekeeping Operations
*Kofi Annan, former-Secretary-General of the United Nations
*Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005
*Micheline Calmy-Rey, member of the Swiss Federal Council and Head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs
*Rüdiger Dornbusch, longtime professor at the MIT Economics Department
*Arthur Dunkel, director-general of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) between 1980 and 1993
*Patricia Espinosa, diplomat and designated Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico
*Saul Friedländer, historian, Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, (see below)
*Philipp M. Hildebrand, member of the Governing Board of the Swiss National Bank
*Imran Nazar Hosein, Muslim Scholar and Writer
*Leonid Hurwicz, 2007 Nobel Prize in Economics
*Nobuyuki Idei, Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation between 1999 and 2005
*Kamil Idris, former director-general of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
*Sandra Kalniete, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia between 2002 and 2004
*Jakob Kellenberger, President of the ICRC
*Giorgio Malinverni is a Swiss law professor and the Swiss judge at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR)
*Robert McFarlane, United States National Security Advisor between 1983 and 1985
*Hans-Gert Poettering, President of the European Parliament
*Michael Reiterer, ambassador of the European Commission to Switzerland
*Jean-Pierre Roth, Chairman of the Swiss National Bank
*Brad Smith, Microsoft Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary
*Hernando de Soto, a Peruvian economist and President of Peru's Institute for Liberty and Democracy(ILD)
*Lyal S. Sunga, Senior Lecturer and Director of Research, Raoul Wallenberg Institute
*Abdulqawi Yusuf, Legal adviser and Director of the Office of International Standards and Legal Affairs for UNESCO

=Prominent past and present faculty=
*Georges Abi-Saab - Honorary Professor, taught at the Graduate Institute , former ad hoc Judge of the International Court of Justice, former Judge of the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Court for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR), currently Chairman, Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization
*Bolaji Akinyemi - visiting professor in 1977cite news |first=Dokun |last=Oloyede |title= Bolaji Akinyemi, the Seagull, at 60 |url= |work=Thisday online |publisher=Leaders & Company |date=2002-01-06 |accessdate=2007-10-27 ]
*Lucius Caflisch - judge at the European Court of Human Rights, member of the UN International Law Commission
*Guglielmo Ferrero - Italian historian
*Saul Friedländer - after his PhD at HEI he taught there in summer semesters from 1963 to 1988 [de icon Das Magazin, 2007/41 [ "Die ganze Geschichte"] ]
*Hans Kelsen - taught international law between 1934 and 1940
*Paul Mantoux - co-founder of the Institute.
*Theodor Meron - taught international law between 1991 and 1995
*Ludwig von Mises - professor for international economic relations between 1934 and 1940
*Bertrand Ramcharan - UN High Commissioner for Human Rights ) and first holder of the HEI Swiss Chair of Human Rights (2006)
*William Rappard - co-founder and director of the Institute (1928) and director of the Mandate Department of the League of Nations.
*Wilhelm Röpke - professor for international economics between 1937 and 1966


External links

* [ Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI), Geneva] , Official Website
* [ HEI Alumni] , Website of the Alumni Organisation
* [ Student Association Committee (SAC)] , The Institute's Students Association
* [ HEI Diplomatic Studies Programme (DSP)] , The Institute's Diplomatic Studies Programme

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