Mehran, Ilam Province


Mehran, Ilam Province

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Mehran
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pushpin_label_position =bottom
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Iran
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
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subdivision_name1 = Ilam Province
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latd=33|latm=07|lats=|latNS=N
longd=46|longm=09|longs=|longEW=E
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Mehran is a city in Iran, near the country's western border in Ilam Province. Because of its strategic proximity - only two hours' drive from Baghdad - the city has played a continuing role in dealings between Iran and Iraq. It has a population of 50,000.

In May 1986, during the Iran–Iraq War, Iraqi forces captured Mehran, on the western plain of the Zagros Mountains in Ilam Province, and pushed eastward to the mountain base. [ [http://www.iranian.ws/iran-online/iran-iraq_war/1980-1982.htm Iran–Iraq War history] .] Mehran occupied an important position on the major north-south road, close to the border on the Iranian side. Saddam Hussein offered to exchange the captured city for the desired territory of Al-Faw. The occupation lasted only one month, however. Instead of acquiescing, Iranian forces recaptured Mehran and drove off the Iraqis, humiliating Saddam and raising doubts about his ability to win the war.

In 2003 the Iranian government set up a camp in Mehran to accommodate an anticipated influx of up to 50,000 Iraqi refugees from the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the U.S.. By April of that year, over 100,000 Iraqis had massed near the border, prompting the Governor of Mehran to issue a plea for additional resources.

In March 2005 the Iranian government decreed that Iranian pilgrims could once again enter Iraq through Mehran; and in May 2005 it was reported that the city is to be converted into a special tourist zone from where Iranian pilgrims will travel toward Karbala and holy Shiite sites in Iraq, to be facilitated by the construction of several three and four star hotels.

External links

* [http://www.iranchamber.com/history/iran_iraq_war/iran_iraq_war2.php Iran–Iraq War]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/militia.htm People's militia]
* [http://www.payvand.com/news/03/mar/1140.html News site]
* [http://www.cidi.org/humanitarian/hsr/iraq/03a/ixl31.html Investigations about population movements]
* [http://www.payvand.com/news/05/mar/1055.html News about immigration]
* [http://www.iran-daily.com/1384/2271/html/panorama.htm News site]

References


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