- Mehran, Ilam Province
official_name = Mehran
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Iran
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
Mehran is a city in
Iran, near the country's western border in Ilam Province. Because of its strategic proximity - only two hours' drive from Baghdad- the city has played a continuing role in dealings between Iran and Iraq. It has a population of 50,000.
1986, during the Iran–Iraq War, Iraqi forces captured Mehran, on the western plain of the Zagros Mountainsin Ilam Province, and pushed eastward to the mountain base. [ [http://www.iranian.ws/iran-online/iran-iraq_war/1980-1982.htm Iran–Iraq War history] .] Mehran occupied an important position on the major north-south road, close to the border on the Iranian side. Saddam Husseinoffered to exchange the captured city for the desired territory of Al-Faw. The occupation lasted only one month, however. Instead of acquiescing, Iranian forces recaptured Mehran and drove off the Iraqis, humiliating Saddam and raising doubts about his ability to win the war.
2003the Iranian government set up a camp in Mehran to accommodate an anticipated influx of up to 50,000 Iraqi refugees from the 2003 invasion of Iraqby the U.S.. By April of that year, over 100,000 Iraqis had massed near the border, prompting the Governor of Mehran to issue a plea for additional resources.
2005the Iranian government decreed that Iranian pilgrims could once again enter Iraq through Mehran; and in May 2005 it was reported that the city is to be converted into a special touristzone from where Iranian pilgrims will travel toward Karbalaand holy Shiitesites in Iraq, to be facilitated by the construction of several three and four star hotels.
* [http://www.iranchamber.com/history/iran_iraq_war/iran_iraq_war2.php Iran–Iraq War]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/militia.htm People's militia]
* [http://www.payvand.com/news/03/mar/1140.html News site]
* [http://www.cidi.org/humanitarian/hsr/iraq/03a/ixl31.html Investigations about population movements]
* [http://www.payvand.com/news/05/mar/1055.html News about immigration]
* [http://www.iran-daily.com/1384/2271/html/panorama.htm News site]
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