Moriche Palm

Moriche Palm
Moriche Palm
Palma canangucha
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Mauritia
Species: M. flexuosa
Binomial name
Mauritia flexuosa
L.f.
Synonyms

Mauritia vinifera Mart.

The Moriche Palm, Mauritia flexuosa, also known as the Ité Palm, Ita, Buriti, or aguaje (Peru), is a palm tree. It grows in and near swamps and other wet areas in tropical South America.

It is an elegant tree which can reach up to 35 metres in height. The large leaves form a rounded crown. The flowers are yellowish, and appear from December to April. The fruit, which grows from December to June, is a chestnut colour and is covered with shiny scales. The yellow flesh covers a hard, oval, nut. The seeds float, and this is the means by which the palm tree propagates. In natural populations the tree reaches very high densities. [1]

The Moriche Palm fruit is edible, has a high vitamin C content, and used to make juice, jam, ice cream, and a fermented "wine". An oil high in vitamin A is extracted from the pulp and is frequently used to treat burns because of its soothing qualities. The inflorescence buds are eaten as a vegetable, and the sap can be drunk fresh or fermented (see palm wine). Threads and cords are locally produced from the tree's fibers.

Buriti oil is an orange-reddish oil extracted from the fruit of the Moriche palm. The oil contains high concentrations of oleic acid, tocopherols and carotenoids, especially betacarotene. Recently it has been found to filter and absorb cancer-causing UV rays from the sun. [2]

This tree is important to many animal species, several bird species, such as the Red-bellied Macaw, Sulphury Flycatcher and Moriche Oriole, use it for nesting and food. Many ungulates, fish and monkeys depend on the fruit [3]

References


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См. также в других словарях:

  • moriche palm — noun see moriche …   Useful english dictionary

  • Moriche Oriole — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves …   Wikipedia

  • moriche — məˈrēchā noun or moriche palm ( s) Etymology: Spanish moriche, from Tupi muriti : miriti palm …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fork-tailed Palm Swift — Taxobox name = Fork tailed Palm Swift status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Apodiformes familia = Apodidae genus = Tachornis species = T. squamata binomial = Tachornis squamata binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • Neotropical Palm Swift — Conservation status Least Concern ( …   Wikipedia

  • Red-bellied Macaw — In Goiânia, Brazil Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Sulphury Flycatcher — Taxobox name = Sulphury Flycatcher status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Tyrannidae genus = Tyrannopsis genus authority = Ridgway, 1905 species = T. sulphurea… …   Wikipedia

  • Arecaceae — Taxobox name = Arecaceae image caption = Coconut Palm Cocos nucifera fossil range = fossil range|80Late Cretaceous Recent regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Monocots unranked ordo = Commelinids ordo = Arecales… …   Wikipedia

  • Aripo — is the name of several places in Trinidad. * The Heights of Aripo and the Aripo Massif are part of the Northern Range and include El Cerro del Aripo, the highest point in Trinidad and Tobago. * The Aripo Valley, a valley in the Northern Range… …   Wikipedia

  • Ita — or ITA can refer to:Individuals * Ita of Lorraine (c.1040 1113), mother of Godfrey of Bouillon * Ita Wegman (1876 1943), co founder of Anthroposophical Medicine * Saint Ita or Saint Ida, a 6th century Irish saint * Saint Ita, wife of Pepin I (see …   Wikipedia


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