- Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet
Moldovan Type Alphabet Languages Moldovan/Romanian Time period ca. 1930–today Parent systems Sister systems Romanian Cyrillic alphabet Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols.
The Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet is a Cyrillic alphabet designed for the Moldovan language in the Soviet Union and used from 1938 to 1989 (and still today in Transnistria). Its introduction was decided by the Central Executive Committee of the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on May 19, 1938. Its structure is based on the Russian Cyrillic alphabet (excluding three Russian letters and adding another), and does not have a direct resemblance to the historical Romanian Cyrillic alphabet used from the Middle Ages until the second half of the 19th century in the Principalities of Vallachia and Moldavia and until 1932 in the Soviet Union.
The Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet was used during the Stalin era as a way to separate culturally the Moldovans of the Moldavian ASSR from the Romanians of Romania. Following the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, it was established as the official alphabet of the Moldavian SSR until 1989, when a law returned to the standard Latin-based Romanian alphabet.
There were several requests to switch back to the Latin alphabet, which was seen "more suitable for the Romance core of the language," in the Moldovan MSSR. In 1965, the demands of the 3rd Congress of Writers of Soviet Moldavia were rejected by the leadership of the Communist Party, the replacement being deemed "contrary to the interests of the Moldavian people and not reflecting its aspirations and hopes".
The Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet is still the official and the only accepted alphabet in Transnistria for this language.
The following chart shows the Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet compared with the Latin alphabet currently in use.
Cyrillic letter: Equates to Latin letter: Name As employed in this context: IPA а a а /a/ б b бе /b/ в v ве /v/ г g, gh ге gh used before i or e, elsewhere g /ɡ/ д d де /d/ е e, ie е ie after a vowel or if it alternates with ia, elsewhere e /e/, /je/ ж j же /ʒ/ ӂ g ӂе Before i and e /dʒ/ з z зе /z/ и i, ii и ii used at end of word, i elsewhere /i/ й i "и" скурт before and after vowels /j/ к c, ch ка ch before i and e, c elsewhere /k/ л l ле /l/ м m ме /m/ н n не /n/ о o о /o/ п p пе /p/ р r ре /r/ с s се /s/ т t те /t/ у u у /u/ ф f фе /f/ х h ха /h/ ц ţ це /ts/ ч c че Before i and e /tʃ/ ш ş ше /ʃ/ ы â, î ы â in middle of word, î at beginning and end of word /ɨ/ ь i семнул моале At end of word (usually) /ʲ/ (i.e. palatalization of preceding consonant) э ă э /ə/ ю iu ю /ju/, /ʲu/ я ea, ia я ea after a consonant or е, ia elsewhere /ja/, /ʲa/
In Cyrillic script:
Привя ын заре кум пе мэрь
Рэсаре ши стрэлуче,
Пе мишкэтоареле кэрэрь
Корэбий негре дуче.
In Latin script:
Privea în zare cum pe mări
Răsare şi străluce,
Pe mişcătoarele cărări
Corăbii negre duce.
(from Mihai Eminescu, "Luceafărul")
- Romanian alphabet
- Romanian Cyrillic script
- King, Charles (2000). The Moldovans: Romania, Russia and the Politics of Culture. Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0-8179-9792-X. http://books.google.com/books?id=ldBFWtuv8DQC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_v2_summary_r&cad=0.
- Jeffrey Chinn (1994). "The Politics of Language in Moldova". Demokratizatsya. pp. 309–315. http://www.demokratizatsiya.org/archives/pdfs/DEM%2002-02%20chinn.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- ^ Denis Deletant, Slavonic letters in Moldova, Wallachia & Transylvania from the tenth to the seventeenth centuries, Ed. Enciclopedicӑ, Bucharest 1991
- ^ Michael Bruchis. The Language Policy of the CPSU and the Linguistic Situation in Soviet Moldavia, in Soviet Studies, Vol. 36, No. 1. (Jan., 1984), pp. 118-119.
- Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet – example text and comparison with Latin script
- Moldovan Cyrillic (молдовеняскэ) • Keyboard Layout for Windows
Romanian language (articles) Subdialects Dialects / related languages Linguistics Historic evolution Institutions Other
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cyrillic alphabet variants — This is a list of national variants of the Cyrillic alphabet.Sounds are indicated using IPA. These are only approximate indicators. While these languages by and large have phonemic orthographies, there are occasional exceptions for example,… … Wikipedia
Romanian Cyrillic alphabet — Infobox Writing system name = Romanian Cyrillic type = Alphabet time = 14th–19th centuries languages = Romanian fam1=Phoenician alphabet fam2=Greek alphabet fam3=Glagolitic alphabet fam4 = Cyrillic sisters = Moldovan alphabetThe Romanian Cyrillic … Wikipedia
Languages written in a Cyrillic alphabet — This is a list of languages that have been written in the Cyrillic script at one time or another. See also early Cyrillic alphabet. Distribution of the Cyrillic script worldwide. The dark green shows the countries that use Cyrillic as the one… … Wikipedia
Moldovan alphabet — may refer to: Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet Romanian alphabet This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the lin … Wikipedia
Moldovan language — Eastern Romance languages Vulgar Latin language Substratum Thraco Roman culture Romanian ( … Wikipedia
Moldovan–Romanian dictionary — Author(s) Vasile Stati Original title … Wikipedia
Cyrillic alphabets — Distribution of the Cyrillic script worldwide. The dark green shows the countries that use Cyrillic as the one main script; the lighter green those that use Cyrillic alongside another official script. This is a list of national variants of the… … Wikipedia
Moldovan schools in Transnistria — The Moldovan schools in Transnistria became an issue of contention in 2004 in the context of the disputed status of Transnistria, a breakaway region of since 1990/1992. Contents 1 History 2 Post 1992 situation 3 The 2004 crisis … Wikipedia
Cyrillic — For Unicode block, see Cyrillic (Unicode block). Cyrillic … Wikipedia
Moldovan — /mɒlˈdoʊvən/ (say mol dohvuhn) adjective 1. of or relating to Moldova. –noun 2. a native or inhabitant of Moldova. 3. a dialect of Romanian spoken in Moldova, written in the Cyrillic alphabet. Also, Moldavian … Australian English dictionary