- HNLMS Buffel
HNLMS "Buffel" is a 19th century iron-clad ram ship, now one of the main attractions of the
Maritime Museum Rotterdam, also known as the Prince Hendrik Museum, named after its founder, Prince Henry (Hendrik) "the Navigator", who actually had a naval career and established the basis of the museum back in 1874.
Build and design
Built in 1868 in
Glasgow, Scotland, HNLMS "Buffel" was the first ship of the Royal Netherlands Navywithout sails but with a steam engineand two propellers, that gave her a maximum speed of almost 13 knots (24 km/h). Her radius of action at 6 knots was about 2,150 nautical miles (4,000 km). Her main task as an armor-clad ram ship was to play a role in the Dutch coastal defense together with two sister ships and two so-called monitor ships.
Her armament was first of all the ram on her bow, mainly against wooden ships, and originally two 300 pound (136 kg), 23 cm Armstrong guns, with a total weight of 25
metric tons, in one turret. These were later replaced by a single 28 cm gun, and the armament was enhanced by a couple of smaller guns; 2 of 7.5 cm, 4 of 3.7 cm, and two Hotchkiss Revolving Cannons.
The crew consisted of 150 men, officers, petty-officers, and sailors.
Her record is not very impressive; the only ocean voyage was on her maiden trip in 1868 from
Glasgowto Den Helder. That was not a great success; she rolled very much and also made a lot of water. From that day on she always stayed in the North Sea(in accordance with her role) and her only foreign port of call was Antwerp, Belgiumin 1871.
She participated in many national exercises with the
Royal Netherlands Armyand in 1894 she retired from active duty. This was followed by a short, two year period as a training ship for young sailors and from 1896 she acted as a lodging or accommodation ship. She was berthed in several naval establishments in the Netherlands, the last 25 years mainly in Amsterdam. She had the ( NATO) pennant numberA 884 on her bow, A for Auxiliary and 8 as the first cipher for all Royal Netherlands naval ships.
In 1973 the "Buffel" was decommissioned and in 1974 sold to the city of
Rotterdamto become a museum ship.
* [http://www.hnsa.org/ships/buffel.htm HNSA Web Page: HNLMS Buffel]
List of museum ships
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