- Cedar City, Utah
official_name = City of Cedar City
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Cedar City, Utah
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 52.0
area_land_km2 = 52.0
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 20.1
area_land_sq_mi = 20.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 20527
population_density_km2 = 394.5
population_density_sq_mi = 1021.8
timezone = Mountain (MST)
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
elevation_m = 1782
elevation_ft = 5846
latd = 37 |latm = 40 |lats = 57 |latNS = N
longd = 113 |longm = 4 |longs = 28 |longEW = W
Cedar City is a city in Iron County,
Utah, United States, 250 miles south of Salt Lake City on Interstate 15. It is the home of Southern Utah University, the Utah Shakespearean Festival, the Neil Simon Theatre Festival, the Utah Summer Games, and other events. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 20,527.
The presence of prehistoric people in the Cedar City area is revealed by
rock artfound in Parowan Gap to the north and Fremont sites dated to AD 1000 and 1300. Ancestors of the present-day southern PaiuteIndians met the Dominguez-Escalante Expeditionin this area in 1776. Fifty years later, in 1826, mountain manand fur trader Jedediah Smithtraveled through the area exploring a route from Utah to California.
Cedar City was originally settled in late 1851 by Mormon pioneers originating from
Parowan, Utah, who were sent to build an iron works. The site, known as "Fort Cedar" or "Cedar City," was equidistant from vast iron deposits 10 miles west and coal resources 10 miles up Cedar Canyon, but was named after the abundant local trees (which are actually Junipersinstead of Cedar). Two companies of men led by Henry Lunt reached the fort site in a blizzard on 11 Nov. 1851, making that date the official founding. In 1855, a new site, closer to the iron works and out of the flood plain of Coal Creek, was established at the suggestion of Brigham Young; present day Cedar City is located at this site.
The iron works closed in 1858, though iron mining continued in the area until the 1980s. The completion of a railroad connection to Cedar City in 1923 established the area as a tourism gateway to nearby
Bryce Canyon National Park, Zion National Park, and Grand Canyon National Park, in addition to Cedar Breaks National Monument. Cedar City continues to be a center of tourism, commercial development, education and the arts in southwestern Utah.
The city has shared in the rapid growth of much of Southwestern Utah since the late 1980s.
Cedar City is located in the southeast
Great Basin, and is about 20 miles north of the northeastern edge of the Mojave Desert. Its elevation of 5,840 feet gives it a much different climate from nearby Utah's Dixie, but it retains its cultural ties to St. George — the two cities, for example, share a daily newspaper.
The city is located on the western edge of the
Markagunt Plateau, in a high desert valley with no ocean drainage. Interstate 15 connects the city with St. George (50 miles) and Las Vegas (180 miles) to the south, and to Interstate 70 (70 miles) and Salt Lake City (250 miles) to the north. State roads connect Cedar City with Panaca, Nevadanear US 93, Kanab, Utahvia US-89, and to US 50 and US 6 in Nevada. Similar to St. George, the city enjoys an excellent location on the west's regional transportation network. Los Angelesis 439 miles south and San Diego is 500 miles south on Interstate 15, Phoenix is 465 miles south via Interstate 15 and US-93, and Denver is 580 miles east via Interstates 15 and 70.Cedar City is located at 37°40'57" North, 113°4'28" West (37.682606, -113.074402)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.1 square miles (52.0 km²), none of which is covered with water.
A branch line of the
Union Pacific Railroadservices the city, connecting to the railway's main line at Lund. Cedar City Regional Airportoffers flights via SkyWest Airlines.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 20,527 people, 6,486 households, and 4,682 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,021.8 people per square mile (394.5/km²). There were 7,109 housing units at an average density of 353.9/sq mi (136.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.06% White, 2.53% African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 1.65% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.14% of the population.
There were 6,486 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 27.4% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males..
The median income for a household in the city was $32,403, and the median income for a family was $37,509. Males had a median income of $31,192 versus $19,601 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $14,057. About 14.5% of the families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under the age of 18 and 4.2% of those 65 and older.
Harry Reid, Senate Majority Leader, attended Southern Utah Universityin Cedar City.
Michael O. Leavittwas born and educated in Cedar City. He attended and graduated from Southern Utah University. He is the former Governor of Utah, former administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agencyand the current Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
L. E. Modesitt, Jr., a science fiction and fantasy author, lives in Cedar City. Modesitt is famous for several series of novels addressing ethics, ecology, and working principles of life in an entertaining and readable manner.
* Johnny Cash mentions Cedar in "I've Been Everywhere"
Dixie National Forest
*Seegmiller, Janet Burton. "A History of Iron County: Community Above Self." Salt Lake City, UT: Iron County Commission and Utah State Historical Society, 1997.
* [http://www.cedarcity.org/ City's website]
* [http://www.utahsummergames.org/ Utah Summer Games] Three week sports festival hosted by Cedar City
* [http://www.chambercedarcity.org/ Website] for Cedar City's Chamber of Commerce
* [http://www.umrf.net/ Utah Midsummer Renaissance Faire] A Four Day Renaissance Faire in Downtown Cedar City
* [http://www.iron.k12.ut.us/ Iron County School District] Cedar City Public Schools
* [http://www.media.utah.edu/UHE/c/CEDARCITY.html Cedar City history]
* [http://contentdm.li.suu.edu/cdm4/browse.php Cedar City Photos in Sherratt Library Digital Collection] Old photos of cedar city including main street, aerials, and mining operations, etc.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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