- Tegg's Nose
Name = Tegg's Nose
Photo = Teggs Nose Ridgegate.jpg
Caption = Tegg's Nose from Ridgegate Reservoir
Elevation = 380 m (1246 ft)
OS "Outdoor Leisure" 24
Grid_ref_UK = SJ947725
Tegg's Nose is a low hill situated east of
Macclesfieldin Cheshire, England. It has a short ridge with a high point of 380 metres (1246 feet) at gbmappingsmall|SJ947725, terminating in a promontoryat the southern end. It lies on the western edge of the Peak District, although outside the boundary of the National Park.Ordnance Survey: The Peak District: White Peak Area (OL24).] Much of the hill's area falls within the Tegg's Nose Country Park, managed by Cheshire County CouncilCountyside Management Service; Tegg's Nose is also part of the Environmentally Sensitive Area Scheme.Tegg's Nose Country Park, Cheshire County Council (leaflet).]
Historically quarried for millstone grit, Tegg's Nose now includes a range of environments including
moorland, meadow, farmland, broadleaved woodland and reservoir, and is rich in wildlife. Recreational uses of the area include walking, orienteering, horse riding, fell running, cycling, mountain biking, rock climbing, sledging and fishing.
Originally called "Tegge's Naze", "Tegge" might have been the name of an early Norse settler or might refer to a sheep ("teg"), while "nose" probably refers to the southern promontory. The area is believed to have been occupied during the
Bronze Age, and there is a Bronze Age barrow near High Low Farm south of Tegg's Nose. After the Norman Conquest it formed part of the Royal Forest of Macclesfield, a hunting reserve owned by the Earls of Chester.
The hill was quarried for millstone grit from the 16th century until 1955. There were two quarries, one by the northern viewpoint at Windyway producing a blue stone, and the other near the Tegg's Nose summit producing Tegg's Nose Pink. Quarrying was originally by hand, giving a high-quality product used for buildings, gravestones, kerbs,
flagstones and cobbles, which was used as far afield as the Isle of Man.cite web |title = Coppack I. Tegg's Nose Walk 4 |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/teggs_nose_multimedia/walk_4.htm |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-27] cite web |title = Coppack I. Tegg's Nose Walk 3 |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/teggs_nose_multimedia/walk_3.htm |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-27] cite web |title = Coppack I. Tegg's Nose Walk 6 |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/teggs_nose_multimedia/walk_6.htm |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-27] Blasting was introduced in the 1930s, producing crushed stone for roads and airfields, and during the Second World War, rock for runways was extracted using pneumatic drills. A collection of historical quarrying equipment is preserved within the Country Park, including a jaw crusher, crane and a stone saw, which was powered by a steam engine. There is evidence of a railway track around the disused summit quarry.
The Bottoms and Teggsnose reservoirs were constructed in 1850 and 1871, respectively, to regulate the flow of the
River Bollinfeeding the textile mills of Macclesfieldand Langley, which once had five water-powered silk mills.cite web |title = The Gritstone Trail: Tegg's Nose to Timbersbrook Picnic Area |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/Walking/linear_trails/gritstone/teggs_nose_timbersbrook.htm |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-27] The nearby Ridgegate Reservoirto the east was constructed at a similar time to provide drinking water for Macclesfield, with Trentabank Reservoirfollowing in the 1920s.
Ecology and geography
Much of the area is a mixture of
moorlandand meadows.Three sides of the forest: Discovering Macclesfield Forest, Tegg's Nose and Wildboarclough, Peak District National Park Authority (leaflet).] The moorland is dominated by wood sage, heather and bilberry, while the meadows support a range of wild flowers including mountain pansy, tormentiland harebell. At lower elevations, gorse, brambleand hawthorn appear. The broadleaved Teggsnose Wood covers the southern part of the hill, with oak, beech, hornbeam, hollyand mountain ash.
Birds observed in the area include
woodpeckers, nuthatches, flycatchers, tree creepers, thrushes, tits, warblers, buzzards and ravens, as well as various waterfowl on the reservoirs including grebes and tufted ducks. The area is grazed in summer by rare-breed Longhorn cattle.cite web |title = Coppack I. Tegg's Nose Walk 5 |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/teggs_nose_multimedia/walk_5.htm |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-27]
The Tegg's Nose ridge has three viewpoints, with views across the
Cheshire Plainto Macclesfield Forestand the distinctive hill of Shutlingsloe; on clear days, Liverpooland the Welsh hills are visible.
Several public footpaths, concessionary paths and bridleways cross the area. The Tegg's Nose Trail is a circular waymarked trail of 4 km (2.5 miles) around the area; part of the trail is a bridleway. The waymarkers for this trail take the form of circular plaques depicting the view towards
Shutlingsloe. The "Walk to the Forest" is another waymarked circular trail of 11 km (7 miles) linking Tegg's Nose and the plantation of Macclesfield Forest. [A walk to the Forest, Cheshire County Council (leaflet).] Saddlers Way, which forms part of both of these trails, was a former packhorsetrack. Tegg's Nose lies on the Gritstone Trail long-distance footpath, forming the end of the northern stage and the start of the central stage.cite web |title = The Gritstone Trail |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/Walking/linear_trails/gritstone/ |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-26] It also forms an access point for ascending Shutlingsloe via Macclesfield Forest.
The area is used for
orienteering, with several permanent courses available.cite web |title = Teggs Nose Country Park|url = http://gmoa.org.uk/courses/teggsnose.html |publisher= Greater Manchester Orienteering Activities| accessdate = 2008-03-27] The Tegg's Nose Fell Race is run annually in August.cite web |title = Teggs Nose Fell Race|url = http://www.mh.k313.com/mh/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=43&Itemid=58 |publisher= Macclesfield Harriers and Athletic Club| accessdate = 2008-03-27]
Three cycling routes start at Tegg's Nose. "Grit and Gears" is a 19 km (12 miles) partly off-road circular trail suitable for
mountain bikes; "Riding the Ridges" is a 28 km (17 miles) circular route on minor roads with optional off-road sections; and Regional Cycle Route 71 is a long-distance linear road route.cite web |title = Cycle Cheshire Series: Grit and Gears|url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/Cycling/circular_routes/grit_gears/ |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-26] cite web |title = Cycle Cheshire Series: Riding the Ridges|url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/Cycling/circular_routes/riding_ridges/ |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-26] cite web |title = Sustrans: Midlands: Detailed map|url = http://www.sustrans.org.uk/default.asp?sRegion=The_Midlands&map.x=-2.07309902188273&map.y=53.2584998362286&bLarge=&nZoom=2 |publisher= Sustrans| accessdate = 2008-03-27] The Cheshire Cycleway (route 70) also passes just to the south and east of the Country Park.cite web |title = The Cheshire Cycleway: A Journey of Discovery |url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/103F38DB-436E-4278-B4C3-5B0C3405B510/0/CheshireCyclewayLeaflet_amended.pdf |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-27]
There are ten traditional climbing routes on the quarried
gritstone, ranging in grade from Difficult to Mild Very Severe.cite web |title = UKC Crags: Tegg's Nose|url = http://www.ukclimbing.com/databases/crags/craginfo.html?id=1288 |publisher= UKClimbing| accessdate = 2008-03-26] Sledging is popular in winter, with fields set aside for the activity. Private coarse fishingis available at Teggsnose and Bottoms Reservoirs, with Mirror and Common carpand bream.cite web |title = Macclesfield Waltonians Angling Society: Teggs Nose |url = http://www.waltonians.co.uk/waters/teggs-nose/ |publisher= Macclesfield Waltonians Angling Society| accessdate = 2008-03-26] cite web |title = Macclesfield Forest and Wildboarclough Management Strategy and Action Plan (May 2004) |url = http://www.peakdistrict.gov.uk/mforest.pdf |publisher= Cheshire County Council, United Utilities, Peak District National Park Authority and Macclesfield Borough Council | accessdate = 2008-03-31]
Facilities and access
At the northern viewpoint is a visitors' centre off the Buxton Old Road, which provides car and horse box parking, information, public toilets, picnic tables and a telescope. Several open-air sculptures stand near the visitors' centre; these include a stone sheep, a bench with an abstract tree and a set of carved wooden benches surrounding the viewpoint. [cite web |title = Sheep sculpture at Tegg's Nose Visitor Centre|url = http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/258310 |publisher= Geograph British Isles| accessdate = 2008-03-27] [cite web |title = Sculpture at northern Tegg's Nose viewpoint|url = http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/258309 |publisher= Geograph British Isles| accessdate = 2008-03-27] [cite web |title = Tegg's Nose viewpoint|url = http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/258313 |publisher= Geograph British Isles| accessdate = 2008-03-27] Car parking is also available by Teggsnose Reservoir and at the Trentabank ranger station in
Macclesfield Forest. Nearby public houses are the Leather's Smithy by Ridgegate Reservoirand the St Dunstan in the village of Langley.
The area can be reached by bus from
Macclesfieldor Buxton. Wheelchair access is limited due to the nature of the terrain, and there are unfenced vertical drops.cite web |title = Country Parks: Tegg's Nose Country Park|url = http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/OutandAbout/country_parks/teggs_nose.htm |publisher= Cheshire County Council| accessdate = 2008-03-26] Local tourist accommodation is very limited.
* [http://www.cheshire.gov.uk/countryside/OutandAbout/country_parks/teggs_nose.htm Tegg's Nose Country Park]
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