Haltwhistle Burn


Haltwhistle Burn

The Haltwhistle Burn lies to the east of the Northumbrian town of Haltwhistle. Rising in the peaty uplands below the ridge of the Whin Sill, the burn passes through the Roman Military Zone south of Hadrian's Wall and through a dramatic sandstone gorge before descending between wooded banks to the South Tyne Valley.Today the Burn is a haven for wildlife and a popular walk for residents and tourists but from Roman times until the 1930s the combination of valuable minerals and water power attracted a succession of industries which provided goods and employment to the town.

Geology and associated industries

The rocks underlying this part of Northumberland were laid down during the Carboniferous Period when variations in sea level resulted in successive deposits of limestone, shale, sandstone, and coal, known in the UK as Yoredale cycles and in the US as cyclothems. The water of the Haltwhistle Burn has cut through these deposits giving access to building stone, clay and coal, leading to the development of the associated industries of quarrying, lime burning, brick, tile and pipe manufacture, coal mining and coke (fuel) and coal-gas production. Ironstone, found in association with the coal seams was also smelted on the banks of the burn. ["Ancient Frontiers. Exploring the geology and landscape of the Hadrian's Wall Area", published by the British Geological Survey, 2006, ISBN 085272541-8.] ["Northumbrian Rocks and Landscape; a field guide." ed. Colin Scrutton, published by Yorkshire Geological Society 1995 ISBN 1-873551-11-8.]

Water power

The bed of the burn descends into the valley at a gentle angle of approximately 1 degree but the fall is sufficient to have run a corn mill and three woollen manufactories during the 18th and 19th centuries. The earliest of these processes to be mechanised was fulling, with the first records on the site dating to 1612. Later, with advances in technology, the carding and spinning of wool was also carried out in watermills. The advent of steam-driven mills led to the abandonment of woollen processing along the burn. Two mills were demolished in the 1930s and the remaining fulling mill is now a dwelling. ["History of the Manor and Church of Haltwhistle", C.E. Adamson, 1861, published by George Nicholson, Southshields.] ["History, Topography, & Directory of Northumberland (Hexham Division)" ed. T.F. Bulmer 1886, pub. T. Bulmer & Co. Manchester]

References

----


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stanegate — Verlauf der Stanegatestraße …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanegate — The Stanegate, or stone road (Old English), was an important Roman road in northern England. It linked two forts that guarded important river crossings; Corstopitum (Corbridge) in the east, situated on Dere Street, and Luguvalium (Carlisle) in… …   Wikipedia

  • Aesica — (with the modern name of Great Chesters) was a Roman fort, one and a half miles north of the small town of Haltwhistle in Northumberland. It was the ninth fort on Hadrian s Wall, between Vercovicium (Housesteads) to the east and Magnis (Carvoran) …   Wikipedia

  • List of rivers of England — This is a list of rivers of England, organised geographically and taken anti clockwise, from Land s End. It includes the whole length of those rivers whose estuary lies wholly or partly in England and thus includes a number of tributaries which… …   Wikipedia

  • Hadrian's Wall — This article is about the fortification in Northern England. For the Broad Wall of Jerusalem, see Broad Wall (Jerusalem). Coordinates: 55°01′27″N 2°17′33″W / 55.02417°N 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Saw pit — A saw pit or sawpit is a pit over which lumber is positioned to be sawed with a long two handled saw by two men, one standing above the timber and the other below. [http://www.thefreedictionary.com/sawpit sawpit ] and… …   Wikipedia

  • Vindolanda — Chesterholm, Northumberland, England Military bathhouse at Vindolanda …   Wikipedia

  • Magnis (Carvoran) — This article is about the Roman fort on Hadrian s Wall. For the Roman town in Herefordshire, see Magnis (Kenchester). Coordinates: 54°59′06″N 2°31′28″W / 54.9849°N 2.5244°W …   Wikipedia

  • Cilurnum — Remains of the bathhouse at Chesters fort …   Wikipedia

  • Coria (Corbridge) — Coordinates: 54°58′42″N 2°01′59″W / 54.9784°N 2.03316°W / 54.9784; 2.03316 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.