Education in Paraguay


Education in Paraguay

Historically, Paraguay has not valued education highly. During Alfredo Stroessner Mattiauda’s presidency (1954–89), education initiatives took a backseat to economic concerns and the task of controlling political adversaries, and teacher salaries fell to extremely low levels. The constitution of 1992 attempted to remedy the long neglect of education. Article 85 of the constitution mandates that 20 percent of government revenue be designated for educational expenditures. This measure, however, has proven to be impractical and has been largely ignored. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Paraguay.pdf Paraguay country profile] . Library of Congress Federal Research Division (October 2005). "This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain."]

Nevertheless, democratization has been accompanied by a gradual improvement in the education system. Spending on education has increased, reaching 4.7 percent of gross domestic product in 2000, up from 1.7 percent in 1989. Much of the increased funding went to raise teacher salaries and update curricula. Still, Paraguayan children spend far less time in school than in most other South American countries. Schools in Paraguay average about 700 contact hours annually, compared with 1,500 in countries such as Chile. Students are required to attend school for nine years, and surveys indicate that Paraguay has a net primary school attendance rate of 92 percent. Public education is free to all, but dropout rates remain high.

According to the United States government, Paraguay does not have an adequate university system. Until the 1990s, the state National University and the Catholic University served Paraguay’s entire population. As part of the educational reforms of the 1990s, the government created 10 new universities, but the entire system is regarded as poor in quality. In 2003 Paraguay’s national military academy admitted female cadets for the first time, opening another door for women pursuing education.

In 2003 Paraguay had an estimated literacy rate of 94 percent, with very little differential between men and women (94.9 percent to 93 percent, respectively). Illiteracy rates exceed the national average in rural areas. The 2001 census found that 15 percent of women and 10 percent of men living in rural areas were illiterate.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paraguay — PRY redirects here. For other uses, see PRY (disambiguation). This article is about the country. For other uses, see Paraguay (disambiguation). Republic of Paraguay República del Paraguay (Spanish) Tetã Paraguái …   Wikipedia

  • PARAGUAY — Le Paraguay est avec la Bolivie l’un des deux pays continentaux de l’Amérique du Sud; son isolement géographique a beaucoup marqué son histoire. Avec une population de 4 500 000 habitants pour une superficie de 406 750 km2, ce pays présente la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paraguay — • One of the inland republics of South America Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Paraguay     Paraguay     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paraguay–United States relations — Paraguay United States relations are bilateral relations between Paraguay and the United States. U.S. Interests in Paraguay The United States and Paraguay have an extensive relationship at the government, business, and personal level. Paraguay is …   Wikipedia

  • PARAGUAY — PARAGUAY, South American republic; population (est. 2005) 4,960,000, Jewish population 900. A few isolated Jews came to Paraguay from France, Switzerland, and Italy toward the end of the 19th century and merged with the native population without… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Paraguay — Paraguayan, adj., n. /par euh gwuy , gway /; Sp. /pah rddah gwuy /, n. 1. a republic in central South America between Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. 5,651,634; 157,047 sq. mi. (406,750 sq. km). Cap.: Asunción. 2. a river in central South America …   Universalium

  • Paraguay —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Río Paraguay.  23° S 58° W / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paraguay — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Paraguay <p></p> Background: <p></p> Paraguay achieved its independence from Spain in 1811. In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865 70) between Paraguay and …   The World Factbook

  • Education — Educate redirects here. For the journal published by the Institute of Education, see Educate . For the stained glass window at Yale University, see Education (Chittenden Memorial Window). Children in a kindergarten classroom in France …   Wikipedia

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.