Education in Tajikistan


Education in Tajikistan

School attendance is mandatory between the ages of seven and 17, but many children fail to attend because of economic needs and security concerns in some regions. The core years of school attendance include four years of primary school and two stages of secondary school, lasting five and two years, respectively. In 2001 preprimary enrollment was less than 6 percent of eligible children. At all levels, Tajikistan’s education system suffers from a depleted infrastructure and an acute shortage of teachers, which will increase because of the relatively high birthrate. The state-supported Soviet system remains in place, but the poor condition of the national economy and years of civil war sharply reduced funding in the early 2000s, although government spending began to increase in 2004. In 2005 the total government expenditure on education was about US$80 million, 15.9 percent of the national budget. The figure was scheduled to rise to US$108 million, 17.3 percent of the budget, in 2006. A presidential program raised the salaries of teachers by 25 percent in 2005. The official literacy rate is 98 percent, but the poor quality of education since 1991 has reduced skills in the younger generations. Some private schools and colleges have appeared in urban centers, and some Russian and Uzbek schools exist. Tajik is the main language of instruction through secondary school, but in 2003 Russian was restored as a mandatory subject. Some 33 institutions of higher learning were operating in 2003, when a constitutional amendment abolished free higher education. That year total enrollment was 96,600. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Tajikistan.pdf Tajikistan country profile] . Library of Congress Federal Research Division (January 2007). "This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain."]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tajikistan — /teuh jik euh stan , stahn , jee keuh /, n. Tadzhikistan. * * * Tajikistan Introduction Tajikistan Background: Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR. A… …   Universalium

  • Education in Singapore — Ministry of Education Minister Heng Swee Keat National education budget (2006) Budget S$6.966 billion General Details Primary Languages …   Wikipedia

  • Education in Malaysia — Ministry of Education Ministry of Higher Education Minister of Education Minister of Higher Education Muhyiddin Yassin Mohamed Khaled Nordin National education budget (2006) Budget RM30 billion (USD10 billion)1 …   Wikipedia

  • Education in North Korea — Education in the Democratic People s Republic of Korea (DPRK) is strictly controlled by the government. Children go through one year of kindergarten, four years of primary education, six years of secondary education, and then on to universities.… …   Wikipedia

  • Education in Israel — Education Ministry Education Minister of Israel Gideon Sa ar National education bud …   Wikipedia

  • Education in Burma — Education in Myanmar Ministry of Education Minister Dr. Mya Aye National education budget (2001) Budget US$97 million[1] General Details …   Wikipedia

  • Education in Nepal — Education in Nepal1 Ministry of Education Minister of Education Ram Chandra Kushwaha National education budget (2006) Budget $98.64 million General Details Primary Languages Nepalese …   Wikipedia

  • Tajikistan — Republic of Tajikistan Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Çumhuriji Toçikiston …   Wikipedia

  • Tajikistan — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Tajikistan <p></p> Background: <p></p> The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia s hold on Central Asia weakened following the… …   The World Factbook

  • Education — Educate redirects here. For the journal published by the Institute of Education, see Educate . For the stained glass window at Yale University, see Education (Chittenden Memorial Window). Children in a kindergarten classroom in France …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.