Demographics of Jamaica


Demographics of Jamaica

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Jamaica, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Contents

Demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise referenced.

Population

2,868,380 (2011 est.[1]), 2,804,334 (July 2008 est.)

Age structure

0–14 years: 12.5 % (male 464,297/female 449,181)
15–64 years: 59.6% (male 808,718/female 835,394)
65 years and over: 7.3% (male 90,100/female 110,434) (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

0.7% (2006 est.)

Birth rate

20.82 births/1,000 population (2006 est.) There were a total of 45,600 births in 2007. (46,300 in 2006 and 47,000 in 2005 resulting in a birth rate of 17.0 per 1000 in 2007.[1]

Death rate

6.55 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)[Note: Birth-Death+Net mig=Pop increase --> 20.82-X-6.27=8 --> X=6.55]

Net migration rate

-6.27 migrant(s)/1,000 populations (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

Practic: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total population: 15.98 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.66 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 73.24 years
male: 71.54 years
female: 75.03 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

  • 2.26

Children born/woman (2010 est.)

  • 2.41 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Nationality

noun: Jamaican(s)
adjective: Jamaican

Ethnic groups

This topic is somewhat contentious with several respected sources giving different figures. In alphabetic order these are:

  • CIA Fact Book: black 91.2%, mixed 6.2%, other or unknown 2.6% (2001 census).[2]
  • University of the West Indies: 76.3% African descent, 15.1% Afro-European, 3.4% East Indian and Afro-East Indian, 3.2% Caucasian, 1.2% Chinese and Afro-Chinese and 0.8% Other.[3]

Religions

Protestant 62.5% (including Church of God[disambiguation needed ] 23.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, Pentecostal 9.5%, Baptist 7.2%, Anglican 3.6%) Roman Catholic 2.6%

Languages

English (official), Jamaican Patois, Levantine Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish. Also includes Mandarin Chinese.[4]

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 87.9%
male: 84.1%
female: 91.6% (2003 est.)

External links

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.


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