The Molala (also Molale, Molalla, Molele) were a people of the Plateau culture area in central
Oregon, United States. Some consider them extinct, though they are one of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon, with 141 of the 882 members in the 1950s claiming Molala descent.
The Molalla language was a member of the
Plateau Penutianfamily. It was previously considered a language isolate. Molalla is now extinct.
**Northern Molalla dialect, spoken in southern Oregon in the Cascade Range
**Upper Santiam Molalla dialect, spoken along the upper
Santiam Riverin the Cascades in central Oregon.
**Southern Molalla dialect, spoken in southern Oregon in the Cascade Range
A member of the Molalla may figure prominently in the history of Oregon's first militia. During the period of the initial
Provisional Government of Oregon, the 1843 Organic Laws of Oregonprovided for a militia. The first opportunity to deploy the recently formed Oregon militia came on March 4, 1844, when the territorial government’s recorder George LeBretonand another person in Oregon City were killed, supposedly by a member of the Molalla. Their deaths spurred the organization of a company of 25 men calling themselves the Oregon Rangersat the Oregon Institute. Though the company of mounted riflemen never saw action, they were briefly led by Captain Thomas D. Keizerand then by Charles H. Bennett.
* Horner, John B. (1921). "Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature". The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland.
* Mithun, Marianne. (1999). "The languages of Native North America". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
* [http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/mhistory.html Molala History]
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