- Livingston, Texas
Livingston, Texas — Town — Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State Texas County Polk Area – Total 8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2) – Land 8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2) – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2) Elevation 167 ft (51 m) Population (2000) – Total 5,433 – Density 649.9/sq mi (250.9/km2) Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6) – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) ZIP codes 77351, 77399 Area code(s) 936 FIPS code 48-43132 GNIS feature ID 1361573
Livingston is a town in Polk County, Texas, United States. The population was 5,433 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Polk County. Livingston was settled in 1835 as Springfield. Its name was changed to Livingston and became the county seat of Polk County in 1846.
The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation is just to the East of Livingston. The 2000 census reported a resident population of 480 persons within the reservation.
Livingston has one hospital, the Memorial Medical Center at Livingston
Livingston is located at .(30.709518, -94.934443)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.4 square miles (22 km2), of which, 8.4 square miles (22 km2) of it is land and 0.12% is water. However, the town of Livingston is approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of Lake Livingston, which is the largest drinking water reservoir in the state of Texas.
Elevation: 148 ft
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,433 people, 2,048 households, and 1,341 families residing in the town. The population density was 649.9 inhabitants per square mile (250.9/km²). There were 2,358 housing units at an average density of 282.1 per square mile (108.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 70.38% White, 18.50% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 8.08% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 13.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,048 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,424, and the median income for a family was $37,868. Males had a median income of $30,318 versus $21,774 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,214. About 18.2% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Greyhound Lines operates the Livingston Station at the Super Stop Food Mart. The city's airport, Livingston Municipal Airport (LMA) is located to the southwest of the city. It serves mainly recreational flights but sometimes serves routes to larger airports in East Texas and West Louisiana.
The City of Livingston is served by the Livingston Independent School District.
Polk County College is being built in Livingston. It will offer a full two year college curriculum and some four year college courses.
Notable people from Livingston include:
- Capt. (later Brig. Gen.) Samuel M. Whitside: commanded Camp Livingston in the late 1860s during the reconstruction period.
- Paul Carr: NFL and University of Houston DB and LB. Moved to Livingston as the elementary school physical education coach.
- Colita: principal chief of the Coushatta Indians after Long King in the early 19th century; Colita's Village preceded the development of Livingston.
- Senator Clem Fain, Jr: Texas state senator, Honorary Chief of and Texas agent for the Alabama-Coushatta Indians
- Percy Foreman: notable criminal defense attorney
- Annette Gordon-Reed, law and history professor, winner of the 2009 Pulitzer Prize for History and 2010 MacArthur Fellow
- Margo Jones: American stage director who launched the careers of Tennessee Williams and Ray Walston, and directed Williams' The Glass Menagerie on Broadway
- Long King: principal chief of the Coushatta Indians; preceded Colita
- Sally Mayes: Award-winning Broadway actress and singer. Livingston named a street in her honor.
- Mark Moseley: Super Bowl XVII and the 1982 National Football League Most Valuable Player Award as a placekicker
- Andrew Boyce: Livingston athlete and humanitarian.
- Jesse "OX" Emerson: 2nd Team All District-Varsity Football Linemen (2006). Drummer in local bands; Lakeside Legends and Sounds of a Solemn Mind (SOASM).
- Lt. James N. Parker, Jr.: Co-pilot of Crew #9 in the Doolittle Raid (aka Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo), awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross
- Gene Phillips: professional basketball player
- Captain (Ike) Isaac Newton Turner: Captain in the Civil War with Hood's Brigade
- Brad Womack: star of ABC's The Bachelor "Season 11 and Season 15"
- KCTL Television
- KETX Television
- KETX Radio (1440 KETX (AM) and 92.3 KETX-FM)
- KDOL Radio (96.1 KDOL-FM)
- Polk County Enterprise (newspaper)
- East Texas News (online version of the "Polk County Enterprise")
High School Football:
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1953
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1954
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1958
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state runner Up 1959
High School Basketball:
- Livingston High (All schools in one division) 1939
- Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) Runner Up 1952
- Lake Livingston Recreational Area
- Lake Livingston
- Lake Livingston State Park
- Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation
- Annual Pow-Wow
- Trade Days
- Light of Saratoga
- 391 Historical Markers 
- Polk County Museum
- Swartout: Former River Ferry Town, now a ghost town
- Trinity Neches Livestock show and Rodeo (founded in 1945)
- Polk County Fireworks on Lake Livingston
- Annual Jingle Bell Fun Run and Walk
- 5k Dam Run
Livingston, TX was the hometown of a patient in the show M*A*S*H
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ City of Livingston, Texas, Information, History
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "Post Office Location - LIVINGSTON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- ^ a b "West Livingston CDP, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- ^ "Municipal Airport." City of Livingston. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- ^ "Polunsky Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- ^ Rainwater, Mary. "Death row inmate: No justice by execution." Rapid City Journal. May 5, 2010. Retrieved on May 9, 2010. "are heavy on the mind of 41-year-old former South Dakota resident Kevin Scott Varga, who sits on death row in the Polunsky Unit in Livingston, Texas."
- ^ "Death Tow Facts." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- ^ "Livingston, Texas." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- ^ 
- ^ Russell, Major Samuel L., "Selfless Service: The Cavalry Career of Brigadier General Samuel M. Whitside from 1858 to 1902." MMAS Thesis, Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Command and General Staff College, 2002.
- ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/C/CarrPa20.htm
- ^ a b http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/AA/bma19.html "Alabama-Coushatta Indians"], Texas Handbook Online
- ^ http://www.texasescapes.com/AllThingsHistorical/Tennessee-Williams-Texas-Director-Margaret-Virginia-Margo-Jones-BB506.htm
- ^ http://www.texashsfootball.com/news/alldistrict05/dist184a.html
- ^ Doolittle Raiders Online
- ^ http://www.eaglefield.net/doolittleroster.htm
- ^ Thirty_Seconds_Over_Tokyo
- ^ http://www.historicmarkers.com/Texas/Polk_County_Texas/Captain_Isaac_Newton_Moreland_Turner%2C_C._S._A.__TX10428/
- ^ http://usads.ms11.net/randy.html
- ^ Friday Night History - PVIL Past Football Champions - Texas High School Football
- ^ UIL: Athletics - Champions Archives and Records
- ^ THC - Atlas - County Search
- ^ 
Municipalities and communities of Polk County, TexasCounty seat: Livingston Cities Towns
Corrigan | Livingston
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