- King expedition of 1817
Phillip Parker King's first exploring and surveying expedition departed Sydneyon 22 December 1817on board the cutter HMS "Mermaid". On board were King, his two Master's mates Frederick Bedwelland John Septimus Roe, the botanist Allan Cunningham, 12 seamen, 2 boys and the native Boongaree. The purpose of the voyage was to explore and make a rough survey of the northern and north-west coasts of Australia.
Port Jackson, "Mermaid" sailed south down the east coast, then west through Bass Straitand along the south coast. On 20 January 1818, King anchored in King George Sound, which had previously been visited by only two other British explorers, George Vancouverand Matthew Flinders. He then took "Mermaid" into Oyster Harbour, remaining there for nearly two weeks.
1 February, "Mermaid" left King George Sound, continuing west to Cape Leeuwin, then north up the west coast of Australia. Sickness amongst the crew left the boat badly undermanned, preventing King from examining much of the west coast. At North West Cape, they discovered and surveyed a gulf, named Exmouth Gulfafter Lord Exmouth. They lost two of their three anchors while surveying the gulf, and this would greatly hamper their surveying from then on.
Continuing north-east along the coast, the "Mermaid" eventually passed the northernmost tip of
Arnhem Land, reaching a point on Cobourg Peninsulathat King named Port Essington. They then crossed to Timorfor reprovisioning. After a stay of two weeks at Coepang, they returned to Sydney down the west coast and east along the south coast. King and a number of the crew became dangerously ill shortly after leaving Timor, this being attributed to the food they had eaten there. During the southern leg of the journey the boat encountered extremely rough weather, and on 24 Julya crew member died from his illness. The "Mermaid" arrived back in Sydney on 29 July, having been absent for over 30 weeks.
On reviewing the voyage, King stated that he was largely satisfied with the results. The loss of two anchors had not been as crippling as anticipated, as a long period of fine weather had enabled them to continue their work with one remaining anchor.
* King, Phillip Parker (1826), "Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia: Performed between the Years 1818 and 1822, Volumes [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/11203 One] and [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/12046 Two] ". John Murray, London.
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