Northampton railway station


Northampton railway station
Northampton National Rail
Northampton station.jpg
A Silverlink train at Northampton railway station.
Location
Place Northampton
Local authority Northampton
Operations
Station code NMP
Managed by London Midland
Number of platforms 5
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage
2004/05 *   1.855 million
2005/06 * increase 1.970 million
2006/07 * increase 2.145 million
2007/08 * increase 2.239 million
2008/09 * decrease 2.234 million
2009/10 * decrease 2.209 million
History
16 February 1859 Opened as Northampton Castle
1880-1881 Rebuilt
1965-66 Remodelled
18 April 1966 Renamed Northampton
National Rail - UK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Northampton from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Please note: methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Northampton railway station is a railway station serving the large town of Northampton and other parts of Northamptonshire in England. Other parts of South Northamptonshire are better served by Kings Sutton, Banbury and Milton Keynes Central stations.

The station is served by London Midland local services southbound to London and northbound to Birmingham New Street and Crewe, on the Northampton Loop of the West Coast Main Line. Virgin Trains also run infrequent fast services to and from London and Birmingham only at the extremes of the day.

Contents

History

A 1911 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of Northampton

Although projected to be on the first London to Birmingham railway, Northampton was skirted by the final choice of alignment; a loop to remedy this had to wait for several decades. At one time there were three railway stations in Northampton: Northampton (Bridge Street), Northampton (St. John's Street) and Northampton (Castle). The latter was named after Northampton Castle which formerly occupied the site and now survives as the town's only station.

Bridge Street station was the first station in Northampton, opening on 13 May 1845; originally named simply Northampton, it became Northampton Bridge Street in June 1876.[1] The first railway line to be built in to Northampton was the Northampton and Peterborough Railway from Blisworth to Peterborough East. Northampton was served on this line by Bridge Street station.

Station frontage in 2007.

Castle station (as it is still sometimes known to this day)[2] was the second station to be opened. It was opened with the Northampton and Market Harborough Railway on 16 February 1859 by the site of the historic Northampton Castle.[3][4][5][6] At the time, it was only a small station and handled only passenger traffic; goods traffic continued to be dealt with at Bridge Street.[7] In 1875, the London and North Western Railway obtained powers to quadruple the main line north from Bletchley, with the two new tracks (the "slow lines") diverging at Roade so as to form a new line (the "Northampton Loop") through Northampton.[8] Castle station was rebuilt and expanded over the site of Northampton Castle, the remains of which were purchased and demolished in 1880 to make way for the goods shed.[8] In response to concerns expressed by local historians, the castle's postern gate was moved to a new site in the boundary wall of the new station where it remains to this day.[9] The Loop Line north to Rugby was opened on 1 December 1881, followed by the line south to Roade on 3 April 1882.[8]

A third station was opened by the Midland Railway for their services from Wellingborough (via the Northampton and Peterborough Railway) named Northampton on 1 October 1866; it closed on 10 June 1872[1] with the opening of the Midland's branch line to Bedford.[10] The station's site was subsequently reused for Far Cotton locomotive shed.[11][12][13] A replacement station, which served both lines, opened the same day, and was again named Northampton, but was renamed Northampton St. John's Street on 2 June 1924.[14]

St John's station was an early victim of closure, closing to passengers and freight on 3 July 1939[15], the services being diverted to Northampton Castle.[16] Bridge Street station survived until 4 May 1964[1], when the Northampton to Peterborough line was closed, leaving only Castle station serving the town.[9] As a result, it was renamed Northampton on 18 April 1966.[1] The current station is the result of extensive British Rail remodelling in 1965-66[9] as part of the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.[17] The current was switched on for the first time between Hillmorton Junction to Northampton on 6 June 1965 for insulation tests, with steam locomotives being withdrawn from the area on 27 September 1965.[17]

The 2005 film Kinky Boots featured a station named 'Northampton', although the scenes were filmed at nearby Wellingborough on the Midland Main Line.[citation needed]

Services

Northampton is served by London Midland services to London Euston, Milton Keynes and Birmingham. London Midland maintain their fleet of Class 350 EMUs at the Siemens depot just to the north of the station, as well as maintaining a Train Crew Depot at the station.

The typical Monday-Saturday off-peak service consists of:

Virgin Trains operate two trains per day from Northampton to London Euston (southbound only); one in the early morning and one in the late evening. These services originate from Birmingham New Street, but no northbound Virgin services are timetabled as serving Northampton. The lack of fast services to Northampton is caused by the fast lines of the West Coast Main Line bypassing the town. Connections to Manchester and other long-distance destinations can be made by changing at Milton Keynes Central.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Rugby
(Long Buckby on Sundays)
towards Crewe/Birmingham
  London Midland
London - Crewe
  Milton Keynes Central
towards London Euston
Terminus
or
Long Buckby
  London Midland
Northampton Loop (West Coast Main Line)
  Wolverton
towards London Euston
Long Buckby
towards Birmingham
  London Midland
Northampton Loop
  Terminus
or
Wolverton
Rugby
towards Birmingham
  Virgin Trains
Northampton Loop
(West Coast Main Line)
  Milton Keynes Central
towards London Euston
Disused railways
Pitsford and Brampton
Line and station closed
  London and North Western Railway
Northampton to Market Harborough line
  Northampton Bridge
Street

Line and station closed
Terminus   London, Midland and Scottish Railway
Bedford to Northampton Line
  Piddington
Line and station closed
Historical railways
Church Brampton
Line open, station closed
  London and North Western Railway
Northampton Loop
  Roade
Line open, station closed

References

Sources

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Clinker, C.R. (October 1978). Clinker's Register of Closed Passenger Stations and Goods Depots in England, Scotland and Wales 1830-1977. Bristol: Avon-Anglia Publications & Services. ISBN 0-90546-619-5. 
  • Cobb, M.H. (2006) [2003]. The Railways of Great Britain: A Historical Atlas (Vol. 1). Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7110-3236-1. 
  • Kingscott, Geoffrey (2008). Lost Railways of Northamptonshire. Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. ISBN 978-1-84674-108-1. 
  • Leleux, Robin (1984) [1976]. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: The East Midlands (Volume 9). Newton Abbot, Devon: David St. John Thomas. ISBN 978-0-946537-06-8. 
  • Milner, Chris; Banks, Chris (2001) [1991]. British Railways Past and Present: The East Midlands (No. 10). Kettering, Northants: Past & Present Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85895-112-6. 

Further reading

  • Healy, John M.C. (1989). The Last Days of Steam in Northamptonshire. Gloucester: Sutton. ISBN 0-86299-613-9. 
  • Mitchell, Victor E.; Smith, Keith A. (June 2007). Bletchley to Rugby (including Newport Pagnell and Northampton). Midhurst, West Sussex: Middleton Press. ISBN 978-1-906008-07-9. 

External links

Coordinates: 52°14′18″N 0°54′26″W / 52.2383°N 0.9071°W / 52.2383; -0.9071


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Northampton Power Station — Derelict turbine hall on 16 February 2010 Country England Location Northamptonshire …   Wikipedia

  • Northampton (Amtrak station) — Northampton Station statistics Lines   Vermonter …   Wikipedia

  • Northampton Bridge Street railway station — Northampton Bridge Street The station in an engraving from 1847 Location P …   Wikipedia

  • Northampton St. John's Street railway station — Northampton St. John s Street Location Place Northampton Area Northampton Grid reference …   Wikipedia

  • Ditchford railway station — Ditchford Location Place nr Irthlingborough Area East Northamptonshire Grid reference …   Wikipedia

  • Rugby railway station — Infobox UK station name = Rugby code = RUG manager = Virgin Trains locale = Rugby borough = Rugby start = 1838 Closed and Rebuilt 1840 Closed and Rebuilt 1885 platforms = 3 usage0405 = 0.972 usage0506 = 1.096 usage0607 = 1.155 latitude = 52.379… …   Wikipedia

  • Oundle railway station — Oundle Location Place Oundle Area East Northamptonshire Grid reference …   Wikipedia

  • Tiffield railway station — Tiffield Location Place Tiffield Area South Northamptonshire Operations Original company Northampton and Banbury Junction Railway …   Wikipedia

  • Charwelton railway station — Charwelton Charwelton in 1909 during a visit by the Royal Train Location Place …   Wikipedia

  • Daventry railway station — Daventry Location Place Daventry Area Daventry Operations Original company London and North Western Railway …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.