- Sweetwater, Texas
official_name = Sweetwater, Texas
mapsize1 = 250px
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_sq_mi = 10.0
area_land_sq_mi = 10.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 11415
population_density_sq_mi = 1139.4
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 661
elevation_ft = 2169
latd = 32 |latm = 28 |lats = 5 |latNS = N
longd = 100 |longm = 24 |longs = 26 |longEW = W
At Sweetwater during
World War II, the Women Airforce Service Pilotswere trained under the direction of the famed aviatrix Jacqueline Cochranat the former Avenger Field. The airstrip closed abruptly at the end of the war. The women were not recognized for having served in the armed forces until 1977, when U.S. Senator Barry M. Goldwaterof Arizonaand ColonelBruce Arnold, late son of General Hap Arnold, persisted in obtaining their official recognition as military veterans. In 1970, the field became the site of Texas State Technical Collegein Sweetwater. [Marina Nemir of Sweetwater, "WASP (Women's Airforce Pilots) and the Avenger Field in Sweetwater", West Texas Historical Association, annual meeting, West Texas A&M University at Canyon, April 5, 2008]
Parts of Sweetwater were devastated by
tornadoes that swept through west Texas in 1986.
Sweetwater is the center of the
Western Hemisphere's leading wind powergeneration region. It is sometimes called the "Wind Turbine Capital of Texas", which does not regulate wind power.
Jaycees RattlesnakeRoundup is held annually the second week in March. [ [http://www.rattlesnakeroundup.net/main/modules/page/ The Sweetwater Jaycees' Annual Rattlesnake RoundUp - Home Page ] ] A similar roundup is held in Freer in Duval County in south Texas.
Sweetwater is located at coor dms|32|28|5|N|100|24|26|W|city (32.468147, -100.407125)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles (26.0 km²), all of it land.Fact|date=January 2008
Sweetwater is the center of the Western Hemisphere's leading
wind powergeneration region and West Texas has more than 4,000 MW of operational wind energy. Nolan County alone would currently rank as the seventh largest "nation" in terms of wind energy generation - with more than 1,500 MW installed. [ [http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/09-04-2007/0004655682&EDATE= Composite Technology's DeWind Announces Texas Wind Turbine Demonstration Site] ]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 11,415 people, 4,545 households, and 3,017 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,139.4 people per square mile (439.9/km²). There were 5,202 housing units at an average density of 519.2/sq mi (200.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.29% White, 5.83% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 15.71% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.70% of the population.
There were 4,545 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,293, and the median income for a family was $29,953. Males had a median income of $27,722 versus $18,064 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $13,065. About 20.5% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.5% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Sweetwater is served by the
Sweetwater Independent School District, which includes Eastridge, Southeast, JP Cowen, SIS, SMS, SHS, and Croy Lucas Memorial School for the mentally handicapped.
It is the home of the West Texas campus of the
Texas State Technical College System
Sammy Baughbegan playing American footballin Sweetwater in the 1920s and had his high school jersey number retired in 2006.
Lew Jenkins, world champion boxer, lived and trained in Sweetwater during the Great Depression.
wrestlers Blackjack Mulliganand his sons, Barry Windhamand Kendall Windham, as well as John "Bradshaw" Layfield, were all born in Sweetwater.
*Birthplace of celebrity Jimo Davis
mathematicianand network engineer Robert C. Prim.
*Home of trial
lawyerand state legislator Temple Dickson(1934-2006), a Democrat.
Texas Secretary of Stateand influential Texas Supreme CourtJustice Zollie Coffer Steakley, Jr.practiced law in Sweetwater during the 1930s, and his wife, Leona Ruth Butler, was a Sweetwater native. [ [http://www.rootsweb.com/~txnolan/nolan_co100yr/steakley_zollie_coffer.htm Zollie Coffer Steakley, Jr. & Leona Ruth Butler ] ]
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