- Queen Anne's Revenge
Infobox Pirate Ship
name=Queen Anne's Revenge
renamed=La Concorde-1711; Queen Anne's Revenge-1717;
France-1711; Benjamin Hornigold-1717
fate=Run aground 1718 near Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina
"Queen Anne's Revenge" was the name of the pirate
Blackbeard's infamous flagship, used by him for less than a year but an effective tool in his prize taking. He was said to have gone aground in 1718 in the ship in BeaufortInlet, North Carolina. In late 1996, Intersal, the private contractor working for the state of North Carolinain marine recovery, discovered the remains of a vessel there which people believe is likely to be "Queen Anne's Revenge".
Originally named "Concord", the 300-ton vessel was built by Britain in
1710. It was captured by the French a year later. The ship was modified to hold more cargo, including slaves, and renamed "La Concorde". The slave shipwas captured again by the pirate Captain Benjamin Hornigoldon November 28, 1717near the island of Martinique. Hornigold turned the ship over to one of his pirates—Edward Teach, who was later known as Blackbeard—and made him captain.
Blackbeard converted "La Concorde" into his
flagship, probably adding gunsand renaming her "Queen Anne's Revenge". The name may have come from the War of the Spanish Succession, known in the Americasas Queen Anne's Warand one in which Blackbeard had fought. It was one of the largest ships of its time. Blackbeard ranged with this ship from the west coast of Africato the Caribbean, attacking British, Dutch and Portuguese ships along the way.
Shortly after blockading Charleston harbor (May 1718) and refusing to accept the Governor's pardon, Blackbeard ran "Queen Anne's Revenge" aground while attempting to enter
Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina. Blackbeard disbanded his flotilla and escaped by transferring supplies onto the smaller ship "Adventure". The pirate captain abandoned several crew members on a small island nearby. They were later rescued by Captain Stede Bonnet. Some sources suggest that Blackbeard deliberately grounded the ships as an excuse to disperse the crew. Shortly afterward, he surrendered and accepted a royal pardon for his remaining crew and him from Governor Charles Edenat Bath, North Carolina.
1996, Intersal, Inc., a private research and recovery company, discovered the remains of a vessel which they believe to be "Queen Anne's Revenge". The location of the vessel is in the Atlantic Oceanin shallow water offshore from Fort Macon State Park, Atlantic Beach, North Carolina. Several of the guns and more than 16,000 artifacts have been recovered from the wreckage; however, none of them appears to be of French origin (as would be expected from a French slave ship). They are mostly of British origin (as would be expected with a colonial pirate crew).
For one week in 2000 and 2001, live underwater video of the project was uploaded to the internet as a part of the DiveLive educational program that reached thousands of children around the world. [cite journal |author=C Southerly and J Gillman-Bryan. |title=Diving on the Queen Anne's Revenge |journal=In: SF Norton (ed). Diving for Science...2003. |volume=Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences |issue=22nd Annual Scientific Diving Symposium |year=2003 |url=http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/4760 |accessdate=2008-07-03 ] This project enabled students to talk to scientist and learn about methods and technologies utilized by the
Mark Wilde-Ramsingof the North Carolina Underwater Archaeology Branch supervised recovery of artifacts from the site through the 2007 field season. In November 2006 and 2007, more artifacts were discovered at the site and brought to the surface. The additional artifacts appear to support the claim that the wreck is that of "Queen Anne's Revenge". Among current evidence to support this theory is that the cannons were found loaded. In addition, there were more cannon than would be expected for a ship of this size.
By the end of 2007, approximately 1/3 of the wreck was fully excavated. Artifacts are undergoing conservation. The North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources set up the online website "Queen Anne's Revenge" to build on intense public interest in the finds.
National Register of Historic Places
"Queen Anne's Revenge" was added to the
National Register of Historic Placesin 2004. The reference number is 04000148. It is listed as owned by the state of North Carolinaand near Morehead City, North Carolina.cite web|url=http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/NC/Carteret/state.html|title=National Register of Historical Places - NORTH CAROLINA (NC), Carteret County|date=2007-02-07|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
In popular culture
At the end of the movie "
Anne of the Indies", the ship "Queen Anne's Revenge" is seen when she sinks another pirate ship, "Sheeba Queen".
"Queen Anne's Revenge"' is the name of a song by the band
Queen Anne's Revenge was the name of the headquarters of the Red Dragon pirates in the online game "
Earth & Beyond".
"Queen Anne's Revenge" is the name of the songwriting project between producer
Nick Turnerand musician Findlay Napier.
* [http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/sections/maritime/Blackbeard/default.htm "Blackbeard", North Carolina Office of Archives and History ]
* [http://www.qaronline.org Queen Anne's Revenge: Archaeological Site] , North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources
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Look at other dictionaries:
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