Queen Anne's Revenge


Queen Anne's Revenge

Infobox Pirate Ship
name=Queen Anne's Revenge
serviceyears=1710-1718?
motto=


caption=
nickname=
manufacture=Britain


allegiance=none
owner=Blackbeard
captains=Blackbeard
originalname=Concord
renamed=La Concorde-1711; Queen Anne's Revenge-1717;
captured=France-1711; Benjamin Hornigold-1717
fate=Run aground 1718 near Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina
battles=
notes=
displacement=
length=
beam=
draught=
propulsion=
complement=
armament=40 guns|

"Queen Anne's Revenge" was the name of the pirate Blackbeard's infamous flagship, used by him for less than a year but an effective tool in his prize taking. He was said to have gone aground in 1718 in the ship in Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina. In late 1996, Intersal, the private contractor working for the state of North Carolina in marine recovery, discovered the remains of a vessel there which people believe is likely to be "Queen Anne's Revenge".

History

Originally named "Concord", the 300-ton vessel was built by Britain in 1710. It was captured by the French a year later. The ship was modified to hold more cargo, including slaves, and renamed "La Concorde". The slave ship was captured again by the pirate Captain Benjamin Hornigold on November 28, 1717 near the island of Martinique. Hornigold turned the ship over to one of his pirates—Edward Teach, who was later known as Blackbeard—and made him captain.

Blackbeard converted "La Concorde" into his flagship, probably adding guns and renaming her "Queen Anne's Revenge". The name may have come from the War of the Spanish Succession, known in the Americas as Queen Anne's War and one in which Blackbeard had fought. It was one of the largest ships of its time. Blackbeard ranged with this ship from the west coast of Africa to the Caribbean, attacking British, Dutch and Portuguese ships along the way.

Shortly after blockading Charleston harbor (May 1718) and refusing to accept the Governor's pardon, Blackbeard ran "Queen Anne's Revenge" aground while attempting to enter Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina. Blackbeard disbanded his flotilla and escaped by transferring supplies onto the smaller ship "Adventure". The pirate captain abandoned several crew members on a small island nearby. They were later rescued by Captain Stede Bonnet. Some sources suggest that Blackbeard deliberately grounded the ships as an excuse to disperse the crew. Shortly afterward, he surrendered and accepted a royal pardon for his remaining crew and him from Governor Charles Eden at Bath, North Carolina.

Possible discovery

In November 1996, Intersal, Inc., a private research and recovery company, discovered the remains of a vessel which they believe to be "Queen Anne's Revenge". The location of the vessel is in the Atlantic Ocean in shallow water offshore from Fort Macon State Park, Atlantic Beach, North Carolina. Several of the guns and more than 16,000 artifacts have been recovered from the wreckage; however, none of them appears to be of French origin (as would be expected from a French slave ship). They are mostly of British origin (as would be expected with a colonial pirate crew).

For one week in 2000 and 2001, live underwater video of the project was uploaded to the internet as a part of the DiveLive educational program that reached thousands of children around the world. [cite journal |author=C Southerly and J Gillman-Bryan. |title=Diving on the Queen Anne's Revenge |journal=In: SF Norton (ed). Diving for Science...2003. |volume=Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences |issue=22nd Annual Scientific Diving Symposium |year=2003 |url=http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/4760 |accessdate=2008-07-03 ] This project enabled students to talk to scientist and learn about methods and technologies utilized by the Archaeology team.

Project Director Mark Wilde-Ramsing of the North Carolina Underwater Archaeology Branch supervised recovery of artifacts from the site through the 2007 field season. In November 2006 and 2007, more artifacts were discovered at the site and brought to the surface. The additional artifacts appear to support the claim that the wreck is that of "Queen Anne's Revenge". Among current evidence to support this theory is that the cannons were found loaded. In addition, there were more cannon than would be expected for a ship of this size.

By the end of 2007, approximately 1/3 of the wreck was fully excavated. Artifacts are undergoing conservation. The North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources set up the online website "Queen Anne's Revenge" to build on intense public interest in the finds.

National Register of Historic Places

"Queen Anne's Revenge" was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. The reference number is 04000148. It is listed as owned by the state of North Carolina and near Morehead City, North Carolina.cite web|url=http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/NC/Carteret/state.html|title=National Register of Historical Places - NORTH CAROLINA (NC), Carteret County|date=2007-02-07|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]

In popular culture

At the end of the movie "Anne of the Indies", the ship "Queen Anne's Revenge" is seen when she sinks another pirate ship, "Sheeba Queen".

"Queen Anne's Revenge"' is the name of a song by the band Flogging Molly.

Queen Anne's Revenge was the name of the headquarters of the Red Dragon pirates in the online game "Earth & Beyond".

"Queen Anne's Revenge" is the name of the songwriting project between producer Nick Turner and musician Findlay Napier.

References

External links

* [http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/sections/maritime/Blackbeard/default.htm "Blackbeard", North Carolina Office of Archives and History ]
* [http://www.qaronline.org Queen Anne's Revenge: Archaeological Site] , North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Queen Anne’s Revenge — 34.693055555556 76.669444444444 Koordinaten: 34° 41′ 35″ N, 76° 40′ 10″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Queen Anne's Revenge — 34° 41′ 35″ N 76° 40′ 10″ W / 34.69305556, 76.66944444 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Queen Anne's Revenge — Die Queen Anne s Revenge war das Schiff des Piraten Blackbeard. Es war ein dreimastige Fleute von 300 Tonnen, einer Länge von etwa dreißig Metern und war als Piratenschiff mit 40 Kanonen bewaffnet. Geschichte Das Schiff gehörte zunächst dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Queen Ann's Revenge — Queen Anne s Revenge Queen Anne s Revenge Flûte hollandaise de silhouette similaire à celle du Queen Anne s Revenge (gravure du XVIIIème siècle) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of things named after Queen Anne — This is a list of places and things named after Queen Anne of Great Britain, who reigned from 1702 to 1714. Note: Not all things with Queen Anne in their name refer to the ruling queen. Anne s great grandmother Anne of Denmark, the queen consort… …   Wikipedia

  • Revenge — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Revenge (homonymie). Le Revenge était le bateau du célèbre pirate puis corsaire Stede Bonnet qui écuma les mers au début du XVIIe siècle. C était un sloop de 10 (ou 12) canons que Bonnet acheta de ses… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Queen Henrietta's Men — was an important playing company or troupe of actors in Caroline era London. At their peak of popularity, Queen Henrietta s Men were the second leading troupe of the day, after only the King s Men.BeginningsThe company was formed in 1625, at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Queen-Elizabeth-Klasse (Schlachtschiff) — Queen Elizabeth Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Queen (Groupe) — Queen Pour les articles homonymes, voir Queen (homonymie). Queen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Queen (groupe) — Queen Pour les articles homonymes, voir Queen (homonymie). Queen …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.