Invicta (locomotive)


Invicta (locomotive)

Infobox Locomotive
name="Invicta"
powertype=Steam


caption=
designer=Robert Stephenson
builder=Robert Stephenson
builddate=1829
railroad=Canterbury and Whitstable Railway
whytetype=0-4-0
driversize=convert|4|ft|mm|0
boilerpressure=40lb/in2 (2.81 kg/cm2)
cylindercount=2
cylindersize=10x18 inches
(254x597 mm)
totalsurface=convert|192|sqft|m2
gauge= 4ft 8½in (1435mm)
retiredate=1836
weight=6¼ Tons (6,350 kg)
topspeed=
firstrundate=3 May 1830
retiredate=1836
currentowner=Canterbury Museum
disposition=static display

"Invicta" is an early steam locomotive built by Robert Stephenson and Company in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1829. She was the twentieth locomotive built by Stephenson, being built immediately after "Rocket".cite web | url = http://www.percywhitlock.org.uk/trains.htm| publisher = The Percy Whitlock Trust| title = The South Eastern and Chatham Railway and the London , Chatham and Dover Railway Amalgamated 1899 LOCOMOTIVES: Their Description, History, distinctive features and interest|accessdate = 2008-03-21]

History

"Invicta" was built for £635cite web | url = http://www.kentfind.co.uk/about/whitstable/history.php| publisher = Kentfind.co.uk| title = The world's first steam-hauled passenger railway|accessdate = 2008-03-21] to work on the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway. She was named after the motto on the Flag of Kent, "Invicta", meaning undefeated. She was shipped by sea from Newcastle to Whitstable and hauled the inaugural train into Whitstable Harbour station on 3 May 1830.cite web | url = http://www.crabandwinkle.org/past.htm| publisher = The Crab and Winkle Line Trust| title = The Past |accessdate = 2008-03-21] Modifications were carried out in 1835, but these were not successful.

urvival

"Invicta" was retired in 1836 as the stationary engines proved adequate to work the line. She was offered for sale in October 1839 but did not find a buyer and "Invicta" was put under cover. She came into the ownership of the South Eastern Railway and was exhibited at the Golden Jubilee of the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1875 and at the Newcastle Stephenson Centenary in 1881.cite web | url = http://www.steamindex.com/locotype/earlyloc.htm| publisher = Steamindex.com| title = Canterbury & Whitstable Railway |accessdate = 2008-03-21]

Restoration started in 1892 and for many years "Invicta" was displayed in the Dane John Gardens, Canterbury. It wasn't until 1977 that a full restoration was undertaken, with help from the National Railway Museum. "Invicta" returned to Canterbury in time for the 150th anniversary of the Canterbury & Whitstable Railway on 3 May 1980.

"Invicta" is currently on display at Canterbury Museum, cosmetically restored..

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Invicta — The word Invicta (from Latin, unvanquished) can mean several things:*Invicta (car), a British make of car *Invicta (locomotive), an early steam locomotive *Invicta (motto), motto of the county of Kent, England *Invicta (sailboat), fibreglass… …   Wikipedia

  • Steam locomotive — A steam locomotive is a locomotive powered by steam. The term usually refers to its use on railways, but can also refer to a road locomotive such as a traction engine or steamroller.Steam locomotives dominated rail traction from the mid 19th… …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales 73 class locomotive — New South Wales 73 class Candy coloured 7318 shunts Grafton yard in January, 1986 Power type Diesel hydraulic Builder Walkers Limited, Maryborough, Queensland Build date 1970–1973 …   Wikipedia

  • Novelty (locomotive) — Novelty Contemporary drawing of Novelty Power type Steam Builder John Ericsson and John Braithwaite Configuration …   Wikipedia

  • Whitstable — infobox UK place country = England official name= Whitstable latitude= 51.3607 longitude= 1.0257 population = 30,195 (2001 Census) shire district= City of Canterbury shire county = Kent region= South East England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Stephenson and Company — was a locomotive manufacturing company founded in 1823. It was the first company set up specifically to build railway engines. Foundation and early success The company was set up in 1823 in Forth Street, Newcastle upon Tyne in England by George… …   Wikipedia

  • Stephenson's Rocket — was an early steam locomotive of 0 2 2 wheel arrangement, built in Newcastle at the Forth Street Works of Robert Stephenson and Company in 1829. Design innovations A common misconception is that Rocket was the first steam locomotive. In fact the… …   Wikipedia

  • Museum of Canterbury — Canterbury Heritage Museum 250px Entrance in Stour Street Established 1987 Location Stour Street, Canterbury, Kent CT1 2NR Type Local history museum, Children s museum, Heritage museum …   Wikipedia

  • Canterbury and Whitstable Railway — Invicta preserved at Canterbury in the 1970s Locale Kent, England Dates of operation …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of railway history — This is a timeline of rail transport history.Seealso| Timeline of steam power.* ca. 600 BCVerdelis, Nikolaos: Le diolkos de L Isthme , Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique , Vol. 81 (1957), pp. 526 529 (526)] Cook, R. M.: Archaic Greek Trade:… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.