- Invicta (locomotive)
Canterbury and Whitstable Railway
boilerpressure=40lb/in2 (2.81 kg/cm2)
gauge= 4ft 8½in (1435mm)
weight=6¼ Tons (6,350 kg)
3 May 1830
"Invicta" is an early steam locomotive built by
Robert Stephenson and Companyin Newcastle-upon-Tynein 1829. She was the twentieth locomotive built by Stephenson, being built immediately after "Rocket".cite web | url = http://www.percywhitlock.org.uk/trains.htm| publisher = The Percy Whitlock Trust| title = The South Eastern and Chatham Railway and the London , Chatham and Dover Railway Amalgamated 1899 LOCOMOTIVES: Their Description, History, distinctive features and interest|accessdate = 2008-03-21]
"Invicta" was built for £635cite web | url = http://www.kentfind.co.uk/about/whitstable/history.php| publisher = Kentfind.co.uk| title = The world's first steam-hauled passenger railway|accessdate = 2008-03-21] to work on the
Canterbury and Whitstable Railway. She was named after the motto on the Flag of Kent, "Invicta", meaning undefeated. She was shipped by sea from Newcastle to Whitstable and hauled the inaugural train into Whitstable Harbour station on 3 May 1830.cite web | url = http://www.crabandwinkle.org/past.htm| publisher = The Crab and Winkle Line Trust| title = The Past |accessdate = 2008-03-21] Modifications were carried out in 1835, but these were not successful.
"Invicta" was retired in 1836 as the stationary engines proved adequate to work the line. She was offered for sale in October 1839 but did not find a buyer and "Invicta" was put under cover. She came into the ownership of the South Eastern Railway and was exhibited at the Golden Jubilee of the
Stockton and Darlington Railwayin 1875 and at the Newcastle Stephenson Centenary in 1881.cite web | url = http://www.steamindex.com/locotype/earlyloc.htm| publisher = Steamindex.com| title = Canterbury & Whitstable Railway |accessdate = 2008-03-21]
Restoration started in 1892 and for many years "Invicta" was displayed in the Dane John Gardens,
Canterbury. It wasn't until 1977 that a full restoration was undertaken, with help from the National Railway Museum. "Invicta" returned to Canterbury in time for the 150th anniversary of the Canterbury & Whitstable Railway on 3 May 1980.
"Invicta" is currently on display at Canterbury Museum, cosmetically restored..
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