- Shuttle (weaving)
A shuttle is a tool designed to neatly and compactly store
weftyarn while weaving. Shuttles are thrown or passed back and forth through the shed, between the yarn threads of the warp in order to weave in the weft.
The simplest shuttles, known as "stick shuttles", are made from a flat, narrow piece of wood with notches on the ends to hold the weft yarn. More complicated shuttles may incorporate
bobbins. In the silk weaving sheds in Macclesfield,UK the weft was wound onto a "quill" or "pirn" which was then inserted into the shuttle.Shuttles are often made of wood from the Flowering Dogwoodbecause it is so hard, resists splintering, and can be polished to a very smooth finish.
Originally shuttles were passed back and forth by hand. However in 1733 John Kay invented a loom which incorporated a
flying shuttle. This shuttle could be thrown through the warp which allowed much wider cloth to be woven much more quickly and made the development of machine looms much simpler.
* Chandler, Deborah (1995). "Learning to Weave", Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press LLC. ISBN 1-883010-03-9
* [http://www.mageba.com/eng/shuttle.htm Shuttle looms for narrow fabrics]
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