Europeanism


Europeanism

Europeanism refers to the concept of, or assertion, that the people of Europe have a distinct collective cultural identity within the larger context of Western culture.

Europeanism asserts that the citizens of Europe, and particularly the citizens of the European Union are in the process of developing a collective identity —one which will diminish any existing political and cultural barriers.

A proponent of Europeanism is a Europeanist. Similar terms that may imply a value judgment are "Europhile" and "Eurooptimist"

Views

The efficacy (or validity) of the Europeanism concept is claimed to be predicated upon the existence of shared common cultural, political and ideological characteristics of the people.Europeanism asserts that there is or should be a European "people", that is a "European Public", meaning that their is a unique and distinct socio-psychological space within which the values and meaning of being European can be contested. Commonly, but not necessarily, associated with the demand for faster and deeper integration of the states of the European Union, it is an attitude whose prevalence among the people of Europe varies widely across the continent, with the United Kingdom and the Scandinavian countries generally the most sceptical.

Europeanist thinking is, by definition, synonymous with support for supranational union in Europe, i.e. the European Union.

Some Europeanists believe that, in the present world where the United States stands as the world's premier power, European unity makes more sense than ever, making a united and independent Europe more and more necessary, whereas a divided one would bring disadvantages in economics, culture, politics, society, science, diplomacy, military and other fields.

However positive the EU's benefits are, such a "quality/cost" calculation is not generally the only aspect that motivates Europeanists, as they also feel they belong to a common community of people.

Europeanists are usually not entirely satisfied with the organization and working of the EU institutions, but they think the solution lies not in destroying what has been built, but on the contrary to push for more unity, transparency and democracy.

Most Europeanists view the (as yet unratified) EU constitution as a mixed bag. Although welcoming its steps forward towards greater integration, they regret that so little power has been given to the European Parliament and generally feel that more could have been done to address the democratic deficit that has disconnected many Europeans from the European Union. Regardless of this, most support it rather than risk encouraging Euroscepticism.

In the past, some Europeanists have been accused of anti-Americanism because of their doubts about the sustainability of NATO, or at least their desire to see it become a more equal partnership between the US and the EU. They resent what they feel is American "sabotage" of attempts to strengthen common European defence through organisations such as the increasingly defunct Western European Union.

Some Europeanists support the idea of a European Union seat at the United Nations Security Council as part of the development of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy.

Origins

The intellectual origins of this ideology and consciousness are complex, but can be politically linked to the devastation of World War II and the desire of the European people never to repeat such needless devastation. Nowadays, Europeanism is promoted by, among others, the European Commission, and especially their Directorate-General for Education and Culture. They promote this identity and ideology through funding of educational exchange programmes, the renovation of key historical sites, the promulgation of a progressive linear history of Europe terminating in European integration, and through the promotion and encouragement of political integration. All this is made possible by their role as the hybrid semi-executive, semi-bureaucracy of the European Union.

Notable Europeanists

*Dr. Mário Soares
*Altiero Spinelli

Europeanist Political Parties

*European Democratic Party

ee also

* European integration
* Pre-1945 ideas on European unity
* Pan-European identity
* United States of Europe
* Eurocentrism
* Pro-Europeanism
* Euroscepticism
* Europeanisation
* Potential Superpowers - European Union
* Continentalism - the North American equivalent

External links

* [http://www.proeurope.org Euroesprit - EU Flag & Symbols Site]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • europeanism — EUROPEANÍSM s. n. europeism. (< fr. européanisme) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Europeanism — [yoor΄ə pē′əniz΄əm] n. belief in or advocacy of political unification and economic integration among European nations Europeanist adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Europeanism — European ► NOUN 1) a person from Europe. 2) a person who is white or of European parentage. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Europe or the European Union. DERIVATIVES Europeanism noun Europeanize (also Europeanise) verb …   English terms dictionary

  • europeanism — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷əˌnizəm noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized 1. : traditions, customs, ideals, or traits distinctive of Europeans 2. : the ideal or advocacy of the political and economic unification of Europe …   Useful english dictionary

  • Europeanism — noun Date: 1828 1. attachment or allegiance to the traditions, interests, or ideals of Europeans 2. the ideal or advocacy of the political and economic integration of Europe …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Europeanism — /yoor euh pee euh niz euhm, yerr /, n. 1. European characteristics, ideas, methods, sympathies, etc. 2. a European trait or practice. 3. belief in or advocacy of the unification of Europe. [1820 30; EUROPEAN + ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • Europeanism — noun a word or phrase only used in Europe, or having a special meaning there But a number of Europeanisms have appeared in writing, though not yet in speech, in recent decades. See Also: Europeanist …   Wiktionary

  • europeanism — eu·ro·pe·an·ism …   English syllables

  • Europeanism — /jurəˈpiənɪzəm/ (say yoohruh peeuhnizuhm) noun 1. European characteristics, ideas, methods, sympathies, etc. 2. a European trait or practice …   Australian English dictionary

  • Anti-Europeanism — is hostility, opposition or discrimination directed towards the governments, culture or people of Europe.Anti Europeanism, which is distinct from Euroscepticism,cite web |url= http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/3058211.html |title= Anti… …   Wikipedia


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