James IV of Majorca


James IV of Majorca

James IV of Majorca (c. 1336 – January 20, 1375) was the son of James III of Majorca and Constance of Aragon. His maternal grandparents were Alfonso IV of Aragon and his first wife Teresa of Entença and Antillon.

His father was killed at the Battle of Llucmajor in 1349 while attempting to recapture his kingdom, and James IV was taken prisoner by Pedro IV of Aragon. Now pretender to the Kingdom of Majorca and the Principality of Achaea, James was kept in close confinement in Barcelona until 1362. He then contrived to escape and take refuge with Joan I of Naples, who had aided his father's last attempt on Majorca.

Joan was then childless, and in need of an heir: she married James on September 26, 1363, at Castelnuovo. Perhaps to avoid the civil strife of Joan's first marriage, he was given the style of Duke of Calabria, not of King. However, the marriage proved unsuccessful. The couple had no children. James was determined to recapture his kingdom, and soon departed to make war on the Kingdom of Aragon. He was defeated and forced to flee to Bordeaux.

There he gained the support of Edward the Black Prince, whom he hoped would restore him to Majorca after restoring Pedro the Cruel in Castile. He joined the invasion of Castile, but was stricken with a long and severe illness in Valladolid. Unable to ride, he could not leave the city and was captured by Henry of Trastamara. Ransomed by Joan, he returned to Naples only briefly before setting off again.

Henry of Trastamara had launched a war against Pedro IV of Aragon, and James hoped to take advantage of this to capture Roussillon and Cerdanya, the mainland portions of the Majorcan kingdom. However, John of Gaunt procured a truce between Castile and Aragon, and the full weight of the Aragonese forces fell upon James. Defeated again, he fled into Castile, where he died of illness or poison at Soria in 1375.

His pretensions to Majorca passed to his sister Isabel of Majorca, wife of John II of Montferrat. He willed his rights to Achaea to Joan, who had ruled the remains of the Principality since 1373 by cession of Philip II of Taranto.

External links

* [http://libro.uca.edu/chaytor/hac12.htm History of Aragon and Catalonia]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James III of Majorca — James III (also Jaume or Jaime ; 1315 ndash; 25 August 1349), called the Rash or the Unfortunate, son of Ferdinand of Majorca and Isabelle de Sabran, heiress of Principality of Achaea, was the King of Majorca from 1324 to 1344. He was the last… …   Wikipedia

  • James II of Majorca — James II ( ca. Jaume) (died 1311) was King of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1243 until his death. He was the second son of James I of Aragon and his wife Violant, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary. In 1279, by the Treaty of Perpignan, he… …   Wikipedia

  • MAJORCA — (Sp. Mallorca), largest and most important of the Balearic Isles. It is difficult to determine when Jews first arrived in Majorca, but it may be assumed that the settlement was ancient because of the island s location at the crossroads of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • James II of Aragon — James II (10 August 1267 in Valencia ndash; 2 November or 5 November 1327 in Barcelona), called the Just ( an. Chaime lo Chusto, ca. Jaume el Just, es. Jaime el Justo) was the King of Sicily (as James I) from 1285 to 1296 and King of Aragon and… …   Wikipedia

  • James IV — may refer to:* James IV of Majorca (circa 1336 1375), King of Majorca * James IV of Scotland (1473 1513), Duke of Rothesay * James Gamble Rogers IV (1937 1991), folk artist * James H. Burnley IV (born 1948), American politician and lawyer * James …   Wikipedia

  • James IV of Scotland — James IV redirects here. See also James IV of Majorca. James IV King of Scots Reign 11 June 1488–9 September 1513 Coronation 24 June 1488 …   Wikipedia

  • James II — may refer to:* James II, Count of La Marche (1370 1438), King Consort of Naples * James II (EP), the second EP by Mancunian band James * James II of Aragon (1267–1327), King of Sicily * James II of Cyprus (circa 1438–1473), Titular King of… …   Wikipedia

  • James III — can refer to:* James III of Cyprus (1473–1474). * James III of Majorca (c.1315 1349) * James III of Scotland (1452–1488). * James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) who received international recognition as the heir to James II but never exercised …   Wikipedia

  • James I of Aragon — James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor , Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor , Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador , Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire ; 2 February 1208 ndash; 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord… …   Wikipedia

  • James Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick — James Francis (Diego Francisco) Fitz James Stuart, (Saint Germain en Laye, France, 21 October 1696 Naples, Italy, 2 June, 1738, aged 42). Twice a Consort Duke and 3 times a Consort Marquis by his Spanish marriage in 1716. Inheritor of British and …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.