- Littlefield, Texas
official_name = Littlefield, Texas
motto = Where BIG things happen!
image_caption = Lamb County Veterans Memorial in Littlefield
mapsize1 = 250px
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 15.5
area_land_km2 = 15.5
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 6.0
area_land_sq_mi = 6.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 7608
population_density_km2 = 419.1
population_density_sq_mi = 1085.4
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 1084
elevation_ft = 3556
latd = 33 |latm = 55 |lats = 10 |latNS = N
longd = 102 |longm = 19 |longs = 58 |longEW = W
postal_code = 79339
area_code = 806
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-43024GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1361517GR|3
Littlefield is a city in and the
county seatof Lamb County, Texas, United States.GR|6 The population was 6,507 at the 2000 census. At the (July 7, 2008) estimate the population was estimated to be 7,608. It is located in a significant cottongrowing region, northwest of Lubbock on the Llano Estacadojust south of the beginning of the Texas Panhandle. Littlefield has a large denimmanufacturing plant operated by American Cotton Growers.
Littlefield is named for
George W. Littlefield(1842-1920), a Mississippinative, Confederate States of Americaofficer, rancher, banker, and benefactor of the University of Texasat Austin.
Littlefield houses the
Bill ClaytonDetention Center, a 310-bed medium-security facility, which is named for the former Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives, who resided in Springlake.
Near Littlefield is the
Triple Arrow Ranch, known for its historical remnants, owned by Lamb County Commissioner's Court Judge and Mrs. William A. Thompson, Jr.
Geography and Climate
Littlefield is located at coor dms|33|55|10|N|102|19|58|W|city (33.919561, -102.332660)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.0 square miles (15.5 km²).None of the area is covered with water.
Littlefield has a mild,
semi-arid climate.  On average, Littlefield receives 18 inches of rain and ten inches of snow per year. 
Summers in Littlefield are hot, although temperatures usually drop 30 degrees overnight, creating lows between 60 °F (16 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C). Average high temperatures are about 90 °F (32 °C) in June, July, and August. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) in 1994. 
Winter days in Littlefield are typically sunny and relatively mild, but nights are cold with temperatures dipping below freezing.
Although Littlefields economy is highly driven on the regions cotton growing its economy has greatly increased due to many more industries and buisinesses relocating to here. It is home to the
Vertical Turbine Specialistwhich relocated from Houston, Texas. The city is also home to Lowes Pay and Save one of the largest growing grocery store chains in the southwest. Littlefields economy is also growing due to many people moving away from the large city of Lubbockwhich brings much needed workers for more buisinesses. Littlefield is also home to an off campus of South Plains College. In August of 2008 Littlefield was selected as the new location for a BiodieselPlant. Soon after seven more plants have been planned two of which are in the construction phase making Littlefield the biodiesel capitol of Texas. These new plants will also bring many opportunities for future development of renewable energy sources. A new strip center is being planned due to the many new industries bringing hundreds more people to the city. A distribution center is being constructed on the north side of town.
Littlefield is home to the worlds tallest windmill. It is also home to Bull Lake which is about five minutes from town.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 6,507 people, 2,390 households, and 1,699 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,085.4 people per square mile (419.4/km²). There were 2,784 housing units at an average density of 464.4/sq mi (179.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.10% White, 5.38% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 14.62% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 45.83% of the population.
There were 2,390 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,271, and the median income for a family was $29,842. Males had a median income of $25,978 versus $20,160 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,018. About 18.8% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
*Littlefield is served by
Lubbock International Airport, which is in Lubbock, Texas, United States.
*Littlefield's Regional airport
Littlefield Muninciple Airport, also used for more general aviation, is located about two miles out of town. The runway is large enough that it can accommodate small jets.Lubbock International Airport is served by:
American Airlinesoperated by American Eagle
Continental Airlinesoperated by Continental Express
New Mexico Airlines
The City of Littlefield is served by the
Littlefield Independent School District.The City of Littlefield is also served by an off branch of South Plains College.
The most westerly piece of debris (a
Thermal Protection Systemtile) from the Feb 1, 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disasterwas found in a field here.
Notable residents and natives
Waylon Jennings(1937-2002), singer
*Ralph Elmer Maurer (
November 15, 1907– February 23, 2007) was a highly regarded physicianand surgeon, with a speciality in orthopedics, who practiced in Littlefield from 1945 until his retirement in 1993. Maurer's father emigrated in 1913 from the Ukraineto the United States, but because of World War I, the family could not be reunited in New York Cityuntil 1920, when Maurer was twelve years of age. Maurer attended New York Universityand in 1937 earned his M.D.degree from the University of Bernein Switzerland. Maurer, who was of Austro-Hungarianethnicity, was inducted as a captain into the United States ArmyMedical Service and participated in the North African Campaign, the invasion of Italy, and the battle of Anzio. His military tenure introduced him to new orthopedic techniques learned from a German surgeon in a captured field hospital. He applied this knowledge to improving the surgical care of Allied soldiers and his subsequent patients in Littlefield. On leaving the military, Maurer accepted a position at the Payne-Shotwell Hospital. He recalled having arrived in Littlefield on the last day of 1945 during a blinding sandstorm. [http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/030107/obi_030107064.shtml]
*James Edwin Shotwell (
August 14, 1920- August 2008) was a Littlefield dentist, a United States Air Forcecaptain, and a former member of the Littlefield City Council. A native of Jacksonville and a graduate of the Loyola University Dental School in New Orleans, Shotwell was a Paul HarrisFellow of Rotary Internationaland a member of the United MethodistChurch. He was preceded in death by his wife, June, and was survived by two daughters. [http://lubbockonline.com/stories/081808/obi_319880553.shtml]
Lisa Whelchel(born 1963), actress
* [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/LL/hfl5.html Littlefield] in The Handbook of Texas
* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/North_America/United_States/Texas/Localities/L/Littlefield/ Open Directory Category]
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