- M (videocassette format)
M is the name of a professional videocassette format developed around 1982 by
Matsushitaand RCA. It was developed as a competitor to Sony's Betacamformat. In the same way Betacam was designed to take advantage of cheap and readily available Betamax videocassettes, M used the same videocassette (and the same oxide-formulated tape loaded in the cassette) as VHS.
M-Format also used a similar "
component video" format to that used by Betacam, (as opposed to VHS's " composite video" format), and recorded at a much faster linear tape speed, as Betacam did. A cassette that would yield 120 minutes on a VHS VCR at SP speed would only yield 20 minutes on a M VCR.
The format was called "M" due to the shape of the threading path of the tape around the helical video head drum, which resembles a letter M. (This is also how the
U-maticformat got its name, for its U-shaped tape path in the VCR.) VHSalso uses the same M-shaped tape threading path as M; it was carried over to M from VHS.
M had a similar 4-head recording system to Betacam, but the chrominance signals were recorded as two FM subcarriers of the main chrominance track FM carrier.
M had little success in the professional/industrial video market. This might have been due to
RCA's Broadcast Products division, which marketed the M format in the United States under the "Hawkeye" brand name, going out of business in 1984 (shortly after M was introduced). Weak marketing by Matsushita for M might have been a factor as well.
M was also marketed by
Panasonic(a division of Matsushita) and Ampexunder the Recam(REcording CAMera) name.
M was succeeded in 1986 by the MII format developed by
MII (videocassette format)
* [http://www.lionlamb.us/quad/format.html List of videotape formats past and present, with a mention of the M format]
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