Grand Canyon Railway

Grand Canyon Railway

Infobox SG rail
railroad_name=Grand Canyon Railway
logo_size=
old_gauge=
marks=GCRX,GCRY
locale=Arizona
start_year=1989
end_year=present
hq_city=Williams, Arizona
The Grand Canyon Railway reporting mark|GCRX, is a passenger railroad and heritage railway which operates between Williams, Arizona, and the South Rim of Grand Canyon National Park.

History

anta Fe Ownership

In 1901, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway completed a branch line from Williams to Grand Canyon Village at the South Rim. The first scheduled train to carry paying passengers of the Grand Canyon Railway arrived from Williams on September 17 of that year. The 64–mile (103–kilometer) long trip cost $3.95, and naturalist John Muir later commended the railroad for its limited environmental impact. To accommodate travelers, the Santa Fe designed and built the El Tovar Hotel, located just 20 feet (6 meters) from the Canyon Rim. El Tovar opened its doors in January 1905.

Competition with the automobile forced the Santa Fe to cease operation of the Grand Canyon Railway in July 1968 (only three passengers were on the last run), although Santa Fe continued to use the tracks for freight until 1974. After 1974, the tracks were abandoned and many track side buildings were razed.

Plans by entertainer Arthur Godfrey to bring the railway back to life in 1977 fell through. In addition, two other companies attempted to resurrect the line in 1980 and 1984, with each attempt helping to maintain interest in preserving the line and saving it from scrapping.

Max and Thelma Biegert Ownership

In 1988, the line was bought by a Phoenix, Arizona, couple, Max and Thelma Biegert. The railway was restored and in 1989 began operations as a separate company, independent of the Santa Fe. The first run of the restored railroad was on September 17, 1989, commemorating the September 17 debut of the original railroad. [cite web | title = Grand Canyon Railway history | url = http://www.thetrain.com/history/]

The Biegerts, a couple from Nebraska, had made their fortune in crop dusting through Biegert Aviation founded in 1947 which had a large federal government contract for its B-17 and later C-54 fleet. [http://www.thetrain.com/news/presskit/legacy.cfm] After leaving the crop-dusting business they operated a for profit day care business in Houston, Texas which became the Childrens World Learning Center and is now part of KinderCare Learning Centers. The Biegerts never intended to get into the rail business. They had loaned money secured by the tracks to another person for the rail line. When they defaulted the Biegerts took over the line. [http://www.trainboard.com/grapevine/showthread.php?t=70525] In conjunction with the start up, the Biegerts were principal investors in the short-lived Farwest Airlines which was an air taxi service intended to bring tourists from California, Las Vegas and Phoenix to Flagstaff where the passengers would then take the rail line. [http://ronkilber.tripod.com/farwest/farwest.htm]

The railroad carries hundreds of passengers to and from the Canyon every day, totaling about 240,000 passengers in 2006. The restored Santa Fe Railway Station in Williams now serves the Grand Canyon Railway and is also home to a small railroad museum. The Grand Canyon Depot, owned by the National Park Service, remains the northern terminus for passengers of the line.

During the summer, the railroad operates steam locomotives, but also uses reconditioned 1950s vintage Diesel locomotives (ALCO-MLW FPA4s) for the remainder of the season. Passengers ride in restored 1920s vintage Harriman coaches and new 1950s climate controlled coaches. The railroad adds to the Old West experience by having actors dressed as bandits stage a mock train robbery during the return trip from the Grand Canyon to Williams. During the winter season (November - January), the line runs "The Polar Express" from Williams to the 'North Pole', a station about convert|10|mi|km|-1 north of town. In 2005, this winter service carried 65,000 passengers.

In February 2006, the Grand Canyon Railway announced that it had established a new logo that unifies all of the operating divisions of the company. The new 'glyph' style "G" herald harkens to the native American petroglyphs common in Northern Arizona. As of June 2007, the logo only seems to be applied to merchandise, signs, and official company letterhead, as several cars have come into service or been repainted while retaining the "drumhead" logo on the sides. Even freshly painted locomotives MLW FA-4 #6793 and steam locomotive # 4960 have retained the old logo.

In March 2006, owners Max & Thelma Biegert announced to the media that they were placing the railroad and its associated restaurants, hotels and amenities up for sale. The combined properties have an annual revenue of nearly $40 million. The Biegerts are seeking a new buyer/operator with a possible theme park background, which will ensure that the railroad, hotels, RV park, restaurants (and a possible new amusement park in Williams) will continue to be operated as one entity.

Xanterra Ownership

On September 21, 2006, it was announced that Xanterra Parks & Resorts of Denver, CO, had submitted the winning bid (for an undisclosed sum) and was selected as the new owner for the Grand Canyon Railway. Xanterra is the current operator of the Grand Canyon National Park's hotel, restaurant and store concessions, as well as National Park Service concessions of many other national parks throughout the nation. Xanterra is the corporate name and identity for what was originally known as 'The Fred Harvey Company', a legendary company with restaurant, hotel and service ties to the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway as far back as the 1876.

Xanterra said that it intends to keep all 480 of the Railway's current employees, and plans on focusing on growing the business and increasing the coordination between the Railway and Xanterra's other services in the Grand Canyon National Park's South Rim. In the press release, the Railway and Xanterra reported over 225,000 passengers and over $38 million in revenue in calendar year 2005. The purchase of the GCR includes all of the Railway's assets, land, depots, hotels, RV park, rolling stock, shops and linear pieces of land along the convert|65|mi|km|0|sing=on line. The Biegert family's convert|480|acre|km2|1|sing=on ranch near Gonzales Lake in north Williams was not included in the sale to Xanterra.

End of steam operation

In September 2008, TRAINS magazine reported that Xanterra would no longer operate its steam locomotives. [cite news| url=http://www.trains.com/trn/default.aspx?c=a&id=3927| title=Ridership loss, rising fuel prices drove GCR to cancel steam program| work=TRAINS magazine| date=2008-09-11| accessdate=2008-09-14| ]

Expansion Proposals

Also in September 2008, the Railway sought to double its number of daily trains. The National Park Service requested public comment on allowing "up to three round-trip passenger trains per day from Williams to the South Rim of the Grand Canyon National Park and one round-trip evening train ride per day from the South Rim to a short distance outside of the park." [cite web
title=Train Operations at Grand Canyon National Park - Public Scoping
url=http://parkplanning.nps.gov/document.cfm?parkID=65&projectId=23263&documentID=24636
date=2008-09-04
accessdate=2008-09-14
]

Proposed Phillip Anschutz Ownership

On June 24 2008, it was announced that Phillip Anschutz would buy Xanterra. Negotiations for the sale began on June 5 and the sale is expected to be completed in Fall 2008. [cite news| url=http://williamsnews.com/main.asp?SectionID=1&subsectionID=1&articleID=7837| title=New ownership for Xanterra, GC Railway| work=Williams News| date=2008-06-24| author=Whitehurst, Patrick| accessdate=2008-06-25| ]

Operations

Two trains operate daily during the summer and holiday periods.


* Steam locomotive

Historic designations

* National Register of Historic Places [http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/AZ/Coconino/state2.html #00000319]
* National Register of Historic Places [http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/AZ/Coconino/state2.html #74000337] — Grand Canyon Depot (former Santa Fe Railway Station)

References

ee also

* ATSF "Grand Canyon Limited"
* "El Tovar Hotel"
* History of the Grand Canyon area
* List of heritage railways

External links

* [http://www.thetrain.com/ Grand Canyon Railway] official website
* [http://www.kaibab.org/gcrw/gc_gcrr.htm History of Line]
* [http://www.desertusa.com/mag98/sep/stories/gcrr.html More History of Line]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Grand Canyon Railway — Le Grand Canyon Railway (sigle de l AAR: GCRX) est un chemin de fer de voyageur qui opère entre Williams, Arizona et Grand Canyon National Park South Rim. Il fut créé par le Sante Fe en 1901, et fit partie des chemins de fer américains de classe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grand Canyon Railway — Williams–Grand Canyon Abfahrbereiter Zug im September 1996 Streckenlänge: 102,5 km Spurweite: 1435 mm (Normalspur) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grand Canyon Railway Hotel — (Уильямс,США) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 233 North Grand Canyon …   Каталог отелей

  • Grand Canyon Inn and Campground — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Canyon Limited — The Grand Canyon Limited was one of the named passenger trains of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. It was assigned train Nos. 23 24, and its route stretched between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California. In 1901, the Santa Fe… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Canyon — This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. For other Grand Canyons, see Grand Canyon (disambiguation). Grand Canyon …   Wikipedia

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  • Grand Canyon Depot — Infobox nrhp | name =Grand Canyon Depot nrhp type =nhl caption = Grand Canyon Depot location= South Rim, Grand Canyon, Arizona lat degrees = 36 lat minutes = 3 lat seconds = 21.97 lat direction = N long degrees = 112 long minutes = 8 long seconds …   Wikipedia

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  • History of the Grand Canyon area — The known history of the Grand Canyon area stretches back 10,500 years when the first evidence for human presence in the area started. Native Americans have been living at Grand Canyon and in the area now covered by Grand Canyon National Park for …   Wikipedia


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