- Kona District, Hawaii
Kona is the name of a "moku" or district on the island of Hawai‘i in the State of Hawai‘i. In the current system of administration of
Hawaii County, the "moku" of Kona is divided into North Kona District ("Kona ‘Akau") and South Kona District ("Kona Hema"). The term "Kona" is also used to refer to its largest town, Kailua-Kona. Other towns in Kona include Kealakekua and Honalo.
Hawaiian language, "kona" means leewardor dry side of the island, as opposed to "ko‘olau" which means windwardor the wet side of the island. In Hawai‘i, the Pacific anticycloneprovides moist prevailing northeasterly winds to the Hawaiian islands, resulting in rain when the winds contact the windward landmass of the islands - the winds subsequently lose their moisture and travel on to the leeward (or "kona") side of the island. "Kona" has cognateswith the same meaning in other Polynesian languages. In Tongan, the equivalent cognate would be " tonga"; for "windward", the associated cognate would be " tokelau".
Prior to the arrival of Captain James Cook in
1778, "Kona" was the name of the leeward district on each major island.
The volcanic slopes of
Mount Hualalaiand Mauna Loain the Kona district provide an ideal microclimatefor growing coffee. Kona coffeeis considered one of the premium specialty coffees of the world.
Kona is perhaps best known as the home of the world-famous
Ironman TriathlonWorld Championship held each year in October in Kailua-Kona, Hawai'iand is broadcasted worldwide.
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