Hitchcock, Texas


Hitchcock, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Hitchcock, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname =
website = http://www.cityofhitchcock.com/


imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the state of Texas



mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_name2 = Galveston
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Lee A. Sander
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 92.0
area_total_km2 = 238.3
area_land_sq_mi = 66.5
area_land_km2 = 172.1
area_water_sq_mi = 25.5
area_water_km2 = 66.2
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes = [cite web | url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US4827996&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US48%7C16000US4827996&_street=&_county=hitchcock&_cityTown=hitchcock&_state=04000US48&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=DEC_2000_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= | title=US Census Bureau Population Finder: Hitchcock city, TX | publisher=factfinder.census.gov | accessdate=2007-09-08]
population_total = 6,386
population_density_sq_mi = 96.1
population_density_km2 = 37.1
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 29 |latm = 20 |lats = 19 |latNS = N
longd = 95 |longm = 0 |longs = 39 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 4.9
elevation_ft = 16
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = January 30, 1960
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 77563
area_code = 409
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-34220GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1359310GR|3
footnotes =

Hitchcock is a city in Galveston County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,386 at the 2000 census.

History

Hitchcock was created as a station of the railroad between Galveston and Houston in 1873 and around the turn of the 20th century became a vegetable shipping center. The settlement's economy crashed in the 1930s after insect plagues in the surrounding areas, and the area stayed impoverished until the establishment of both an anti-aircraft training base and a Naval airship station at the beginning of World War II. After the end of the war, the bases were used as discharge centers and some former soldiers settled in the area. Hitchcock was established in 1960 as the area's population boomed, topping out at nearly 7,000 by the end of the 1960s. Today, the town serves as a suburb of Galveston and houses workers from the Johnson Space Center.

Geography

Hitchcock is located at coor dms|29|20|19|N|95|0|39|W|city (29.338715, -95.010861).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 92.0 square miles (238.3 km²), of which, 66.5 square miles (172.1 km²) of it is land and 25.5 square miles (66.2 km²) of it (27.77%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 6,386 people, 2,434 households, and 1,737 families residing in the city. The population density was 96.1 people per square mile (37.1/km²). There were 2,754 housing units at an average density of 41.4/sq mi (16.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.96% White, 32.81% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.76% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.73% of the population.

There were 2,434 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,848, and the median income for a family was $35,013. Males had a median income of $31,098 versus $22,340 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,964. About 16.3% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Most of the city of Hitchcock is served by the Hitchcock Independent School District.

Some of Hitchcock is served by the Santa Fe Independent School District.

Private schools

Our Lady of Lourdes School, a Roman Catholic elementary school operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, is in Hitchcock [http://www.diogh.org/SchoolPages/schoolpages-new/ourladyoflourdes-hitchcock.htm] .

Colleges and universities

All of Hitchcock is served by the College of the Mainland.

Postal services

The United States Postal Service operates the Hitchcock Post Office at 8210 Highway 6, 77563-9998.

Transportation

Republic Helicopters Heliport, located in an unincorporated area in Galveston County, is west of and adjacent to Hitchcock.

Airports with commercial airline service for the area, located in Houston, are William P. Hobby Airport and George Bush Intercontinental Airport.

References

External links

* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/browse/contributor/GMHP/ Historic Images] from the Genevieve Miller Public Library, hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History]
* [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/HH/hfh6.html Handbook of Texas Online article]


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