- Jin (surname)
Jin (zh-cp|c=金|p=Jīn) is a Chinese family name. It literally means "gold" and is No. 29 [ [http://www.geocities.com/chinesesurname/hundred.html The Hundred Families Surnames] ] of the
Hundred Family Surnames. The surname is also used in Vietnamand Korea, where it is pronounced Kim.
Jin is an ancient surname and is over 4000 years old. The surname was first mentioned during the period of the
Yellow Emperora legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero who is considered in Chinese mythology to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. The legend behind the Jin surname is as follows.
When the Yellow Emperor's son Yi Zhi (
Shaohao) succeeded him, the day he was installed as leader, a golden phoenix flew down and perched on top of a house right opposite where he sat. His followers reckoned it was an auspicious beginning. They decided to use gold as the emblem of their tribe. Since he was their leader they titled him Jin Tian Shi (golden skys) and the name of their tribe was known as Jin Tian Tribe whose settlement was in Qufu(present day Qufucity in Shandongprovince). Yi Zhi died in 2515BCE. Some of his descendants adopted Jin as their surnames and left off the words Tian Shi (skys). [ Google Groups- [http://groups.google.com/group/soc.culture.china/browse_thread/thread/c10cca68a6c5f75f/5fff5dde4b83d1c8?lnk=st&q=#5fff5dde4b83d1c8 soc.culture.china - Chinese surname No.29 Jin (gold)] ]
The surname also appeared in an area called
Pengchengduring the Han Dynasty(206BCE to 220CE). The present day location of Pengcheng prefecture is in Tong Shan Xian in Jiangsuprovince China.
Jin was among the surnames granted to the
Kaifeng Jewsby an unnamed Sung Dynasty emperor.
After the fall of the
Qing Dynasty, many members of the imperial family changed their surname from the Manchuname Aisin Gioroto Jin. Aisin also means "gold" in the Manchu language.
Jin can also be other uncommon family names 靳 and 晉.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jin — may refer to: Chinese contexts * Jin Chinese (晋语) a.k.a. Jin yu spoken dialect * Jin (surname) (金, 靳, 晉) * Jin, a.k.a. Catty (斤), unit of weight * Jìn (晋), abbreviation of province Shanxi * Ancient Chinese history: ** Jin of Xia (廑, 1810 1789… … Wikipedia
Jin Midi — or Kim Iljae (134 BC 86 BC) (Traditional Chinese: 金日磾/Hangul: 김일제/Revised Romanization: Kim Iljae), courtesy name Wengshu (翁叔), formally Marquess Jing of Du (秺敬侯), was a prominent official of the Chinese dynasty Han Dynasty of Xiongnu ethnicity.… … Wikipedia
Jin Ping Mei — Wanli Era Edition … Wikipedia
Jin of Xia — Jin (廑) was the 13th ruler of the legendary Xia Dynasty. His other name is Yinjia (胤甲), He probably ruled for about 21 years. According to Bamboo Annals, he moved the capital to West River (西河). In the fourth year of Jin s reign, he missed his… … Wikipedia
Jin Youzhi — Infobox Person name = Jin Youzhi birth name = Aisin Gioro Puren birth date = birth date and age|1918|8|17 birth place = Shichahai, BeijingJīn Yǒuzhī (金友之) (born Pǔrèn (溥任) August 17, 1918) is the fourth and youngest son of Zaifeng, 2nd Prince… … Wikipedia
Wang (surname) — Family name name = Wang imagesize= caption= pronunciation = meaning = king region = origin = related names = footnotes = [ [http://www.census.gov/genealogy/names/names files.html 1990 Census Name Files ] ] Wang (; pinyin: Wáng) is one of the most … Wikipedia
Yuan (surname) — Yuan (, Audio|zh yuan2.ogg|pronunciation) is a Chinese surname ranked 37th in China by population.Is Yuen in Canton and Hong Kong, Cantonese Phonetic is Yuen . [Chinese surnames pronounced yuán which still exist include: , , , , , and ; surnames… … Wikipedia
Chen (surname) — For other uses, see Chen (disambiguation). Chen / Chan Family name Chén in traditional Chinese Pronunciation Chén (Mandarin) Chan (Cantonese) … Wikipedia
Marquis Jing of Jin — 晉靖侯 Ruler of the State of Jin Reign 858–841 BC Predecessor Marquis Li of Jin Successor Marquis Lí of Jin Father Marquis Li of Jin … Wikipedia
Cong (surname) — Chinese name Traditional Chinese 叢 Simplified Chinese 丛 … Wikipedia