Georges Gurvitch


Georges Gurvitch

Georges Gurvitch (or Jorge Gurvitch, born Georgij Davydovič Gurvič; November 11, 1894, Novorossiysk - December 12, 1965, Paris) was a Russian born French sociologist and jurist. One of the leading sociologists of his times, he was a specialist of the sociology of knowledge. In 1944 he founded the journal "Cahiers internationaux de Sociologie". He held a chair in sociology at the Sorbonne in Paris.

Gurvitch is an important figure in the development of sociology of law. Like other legal sociologists, he insisted that law is not merely the rules or decisions produced, interpreted and enforced by asgencies of the state, such as legislatures, courts and police. Groups and communities of various kinds, whether formally structured or informally organised, produce regulation for themselves and others, which can properly be considered law from a sociological standpoint. Gurvitch's legal pluralism is, however, far more rigorous and radical than that of most legal sociologists and locates an immense variety of types of law in the various kinds of sociality - or social interaction - that he distinguished in his writings. He saw the need to stress the reality and significance of social law and social rights, in opposition to what he termed individual law. His Bill of Social Rights, drafted at the end of World War II was an atttempt to state a blueprint of a legal framework of social law for a postwar world in which the idea of human rights had become newly powerful.

Works

*"Essai de Sociologie", (1939)
*"Sociology of law", (1942)
*"The Bill of Social Rights", (1945)
*"La vocation actuelle de la sociologie", (1950)
*"Le concept des classes sociales de Marx à nos jours", (1954)
*"The Spectrum of Time", (1958)
*"Dialectique et sociologie", (1962)
*"The Social Frameworks of Knowledge", (1972)


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  • Georges Gurvitch — est un sociologue français d origine russe (naturalisé en 1928), né le 11 novembre 1894 à Novorossiisk en Russie (sous le nom Georgij Davydovič Gurvič), décédé à Paris le 12 décembre 1965 en France.Il a participé à la révolution russe, philosophe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Gurvitch — (en ruso: Георгий Давидович Гурвич; n. 11 de noviembre de 1894 en París, Francia 12 de diciembre de 1965 en Novorossiysk, Rusia) fue un sociólogo y jurista ruso. Es considerado uno de los principales sociólogos de su época y en una especialista… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gurvitch — Georges Gurvitch Georges Gurvitch est un sociologue français d origine russe (naturalisé en 1928), né le 11 novembre 1894 à Novorossiisk en Russie (sous le nom Georgij Davydovič Gurvič), décédé à Paris le 12 décembre 1965 en France. Spécialisé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GURVITCH, GEORGES — (1894–1966), French sociologist. Born in Russia, Gurvitch was educated at the universities of Petrograd and Paris. Gurvitch taught at the universities of Petrograd and Strasbourg, and from 1948 until his death at the University of Paris. He also… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GURVITCH (G.) — GURVITCH GEORGES (1894 1965) Né à Novorossisk en Russie dans une famille bourgeoise (son père dirigeait la Banque russo asiatique), Georges Gurvitch fait des études de philosophie à Rostov sur le Don et à Riga, puis à Saint Pétersbourg. Il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Georges Balandier — au Salon du livre de Paris en mars 2010 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Balandier — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gurvitch — Gurvitch, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gurvitch —   [gyr vitʃ], Georges, französischer Soziologe, * Noworossijsk 2. 11. 1894, ✝ Paris 12. 12. 1965; nach Studium und Lehrtätigkeit in der Sowjetunion (bis 1921) und in Prag (1921 24) ab 1934 Professor in Bordeaux und Straßburg; 1940 45 als Emigrant …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gurvitch, Georges — (1896 1965) A Russian born sociologist, who spent most of his professional life in France, and exerted a strong influence on the development of French sociology via his organizing and entrepreneurial activities in Strasburg and Paris. Although… …   Dictionary of sociology


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