- Australia–Papua New Guinea relations
Papua New Guineais Australia's closest neighbour, and former dependent territory. Relations between Canberraand Port Moresbyare close, although there have been tensions in recent years. Papua New Guinea has developed much closer relations with Australia than with Indonesia, the only country it shares a border with.
The two countries are
Commonwealth realms, and Papua New Guinea benefits from economic development aid from Australia. Relations are, at present, cordial.
The southern half of eastern
New Guinea(the Territory of Papua) came under Australian administration in 1902, following annexation by the United Kingdom. In 1920, Australia was given a League of Nationsmandate to rule German New Guinea, and in 1945 Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union. Papua New Guinea was ruled by Australia until independence in 1975. The two countries retained close relations, with Australia supplying development aid. Papua New Guinea's politicial institutions are modeled on the Westminster system, shared by Australia.
Relations between Prime Minister
Michael Somare(PNG) and Prime Minister John Howard(Australia) were often strained, a strain which culminated in Somare being barred from entering Australia.
In 2001, relations were still good. A detention centre was built on
Manus Island, in Papua New Guinea, as part of Australia's " Pacific Solution". Refugee claimants seeking asylum in Australia were sent to Manus Island (or Nauru), and Australia paid for the costs of their detention, providing Papua New Guinea with economic aid. The last inmate was Aladdin Sisalem, who was kept in solitary confinement from July 2003 until he was finally granted asylum in Australia in June 2004. Australia continued to pay for the upkeep of the empty detention centre until late 2007.
In March 2005, Somare was required by security officers at
Brisbane Airport, Australia, to remove his shoes during a routine departure security check. He took strong exception to what he considered a humiliation, leading to a diplomatic contretemps and a significant cooling of relations between the two countries. A protest march in Port Moresbysaw hundreds march on the Australian High Commission, demanding an apology [ cite news|publisher=Radio New Zealand International|url=http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=15801 |title=PNG rally against Australia's treatment of PM Somare|accessdate=2007-08-02 ] .
In 2006, tensions between Papua New Guinea and Australia worsened due to the "
Julian Motiaffair". Moti, a close associate of Manasseh Sogavare, the then Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands, was arrested in Port Moresby on 29 September 2006under an Australian extradition request to face child sex charges in relation to events in Vanuatuin 1997. After breaking bail conditions and taking sanctuary in the Solomon Islands High Commission, he was flown to the Solomon Islands on a clandestine PNG Defence Force flight on the night of October 10, causing outrage on the part of the Australian government. Australia then cancelled ministerial-level talks in December and banned senior Papua New Guinea ministers from entering Australia [cite news|publisher=Radio New Zealand International|url=http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=33672 |title=PNG report says PM Somare should be charged over Moti escape|accessdate=2007-08-02 ] .
In 2007, both prime ministers faced elections. Somare was re-elected, but Howard was defeated and succeeded by
Kevin Rudd. Rudd soon set out to mend Australian-PNG relations. He met his Papua New Guinean counterpart in Baliin December 2007 to resume normal diplomatic relations [ [http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/solomons-sacking-ends-chill/2007/12/13/1197135656419.html "Solomons sacking ends chill"] , Brendan Nicholson and Mark Forbes, "The Age", December 14, 2007] . In March 2008, Rudd visited Papua New Guinea [ [http://www.thenational.com.pg/030708/lead_editorial.htm "Papua New Guinea and Australia"] , "The National", March 7, 2008] .
* [http://www.png.embassy.gov.au/ Australian High Commission in Papua New Guinea]
* [http://www.pngcanberra.org/ Papua New Guinean High Commission in Australia]
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