Locrian Greek


Locrian Greek

Locrian Greek (Locrian dialect, Greek: Λοκρική διάλεκτος) is one of the ancient Greek dialects, which was spoken by the Locrians in Locris, Central Greece. It is classified as a dialect of Doric-Northwest Greek. The Locrians were divided into two, the Ozolian Locrians and the Opuntian Locrians, thus the Locrian dialect can be also divided in two branches, the Ozolian and Opuntian respectively. The traits of both the Locrian dialects were found by Wilhelm Dittenberger, editor of the project "Inscriptiones Graecae". ["Inscriptiones Graecae Septentrionalis", Pars I Inscriptiones Phocidis, Locridis, Aetoliae, Acarnaniae, Insularum maris Ionii, Berolini, 1897, IG. IX, I]

Ozolian Locrian

*Dative plural of the third declension in -οις ("-ois") instead of -σι ("-si"), a Northwest trait, e.g. πάντοις "pantois" — polytonic|πᾶσι "pasi", μειόνοις "meionois" — μείοσι "meiosi"
*The adjective διπλειός "dipleios" instead of polytonic|διπλοῦς "diplous"
*The assimilation of κ (k) in the preposition polytonic|ἐκ "ek" with the first consonant of the next word, e.g. polytonic|ἐl λιμένος "e(l) limenos" — polytonic|ἐκ λιμένος "ek limenos"
*The preposition κατά ("kata") + genitive instead of accusative, e.g. polytonic|καθ'ὧν "kath'ōn" — polytonic|καθ'ἅ "kath'a"

Opuntian Locrian

*Dative plural of the third declension in -εσσι ("-essi") instead of -οις ("-ois"), an Aeolic trait which was found in the Phocian dialect too, e.g. Κεφαλλάνεσσι "Kephallanessi", χρημάτεσσι "chrêmatessi"
*The infinitive in -εν ("-en") instead of -ειν ("-ein"), e.g. polytonic|ἀναγράφεν "anagraphen" — polytonic|ἀναγράφειν "anagraphein"
*The patronymic names are according to the name they define, an Aeolic trait, e.g. Δαναΐς Νικοτελεία "Danais Nikoteleia" — Δαναΐς Νικοτέλους "Danais Nikotelous"
*The preposition κατά ("kata") + genitive instead of accusative, e.g. polytonic|καθ'ὧν "kath'ōn" — polytonic|καθ'ἅ "kath'a"

Glossary

*Polytonic|δείλομαι " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2320622 deilomai] " will,want (Locrian and Delphian)(Attic boulomai) (Coan dêlomai) (Doric bôlomai) (Thessalian bellomai)
*Polytonic|ϝέρρω " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2342711 Werrô] " go away (Attic errô) (Hsch. [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2319826 berrês] fugitive , berreuô escape)
*polytonic|Ϝεσπάριοι Λοϟροὶ "Wesparioi Lokroi" Epizephyrian (Western) Locrians in Calabria (Attic "hesperios" of evening,western , Doric "wesperios") (cf. Latin Vesper) IG IX,1² 3:718
*polytonic|Λοϟροὶ τοὶ ℎυποκναμίδιοι "Lokroi toi hypoknamidioi" (Attic Lokroi hoi hypoknemidioi) Hypoknemidian Locrians ; under mount Knemis IG IX,1² 3:718
*Polytonic|ὀπλίαι " [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2374535 opliai] " places where the Locrians counted their cattles

ee also

*Doric Greek

References

External links

*Fr. Bechtel, "Die griechishe Dialekte", II Berlin, 1923


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