Behavioral geography


Behavioral geography

Behavioral geography is an approach to Human Geography that examines human behavior using a disaggregate approach. Behavioral Geographers focus on the cognitive processes underlying spatial reasoning, decision making, and behavior. In addition, behavioural geography is an ideology/ approach in Human Geography that makes use of the methods and assumptions of behaviourism to determine the cognitive processes involved in an individual's perception of, and/or response and reaction to its environment.

Issues in Behavioral geography

Because of the name it is often assumed to have its roots in behaviourism. While some behavioral geographers clearly have roots in behaviorism [Norton, W. (2001). Initiating an affair human geography and behavior analysis. "The Behavior Analyst Today, 2 (4), " 283-290 [http://www.behavior-analyst-online.org] ] [Norton, W. (2002) Explaining Landscape Change: Group Identity and Behavior. "The Behavior Analyst Today, 3 (2)," 155 -160 [http://www.behavior-analystonline.org BAO] ] due to the emphasis on cognition, most can be seen as cognitively oriented. Indeed, it seems that behaviorism interest is more recent [Glass, J.E. (2007). Behavior analytic grounding of sociological social constructionism. "The Behavior Analyst Today" 8(4),426-433 [http://www.behavior-analyst-online.org BAO] ] and growing [Norton, W. (2001). Initiating an affair human geography and behavior analysis. "The Behavior Analyst Today, 2 (4), " 283-290 [http://www.behavior-analyst-online.org] .] This is particularly true in the area of human landcaping.

Behavioral geography is an approach to human geography that examines human behavior using a disaggregate approach. It draws from early, behaviorists works such as Tolman's concepts of "cognitive maps". More cognitively oreinted, behavioral geographers focus on the cognitive processes underlying spatial reasoning, decision making, and behavior. More behaviorally oriented geographers are materialists and look at the role of basic learning processes and how they influence the lanscape patterns or even group identity [Norton, W. (1997). Human geography and behavior analysis: An application of behavior analysis to the evolution of human landscapes. "The Psychological Record, 47," 439-460 ] .

The cognitive processes include environmental perception and cognition, wayfinding, the construction of cognitive maps, place attachment, the development of attitudes about space and place, decisions and behavior based on imperfect knowledge of one's environs, and numerous other topics.

The approach adopted in behavioral geography is closely related to that of psychology, but draws on research findings from a multitude of other disciplines including economics, sociology, anthropology, transportation planning, and many others.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geography — (from Greek γεωγραφία geografia ) is the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. [cite web |title=Geography |work=The American Heritage Dictionary/ of the English Language, Fourth Edition |publisher=Houghton… …   Wikipedia

  • Behavioral economics — and its related area of study, behavioral finance, use social, cognitive and emotional factors in understanding the economic decisions of individuals and institutions performing economic functions, including consumers, borrowers and investors,… …   Wikipedia

  • Behavioral targeting — or behavioural targeting is a technique used by online publishers and advertisers to increase the effectiveness of their campaigns. Behavioral targeting uses information collected on an individual s web browsing behavior, such as the pages they… …   Wikipedia

  • Behavioral engineering — is intended to identify issues associated with the interface of technology and the human operators in a system and to generate recommended design practices that consider the strengths and limitations of the human operators. The behavior of the… …   Wikipedia

  • behavioral science — behavioral scientist. a science or branch of learning, as psychology or sociology, that derives its concepts from observation of the behavior of living organisms. [1955 60] * * *       any of various disciplines dealing with the subject of human… …   Universalium

  • geography — /jee og reuh fee/, n., pl. geographies. 1. the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth s surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil,… …   Universalium

  • Critical geography — Geography History of geography Graeco Roman Chinese Islamic Age of Discovery History of cartography Environmental determinism Regional geography Quantitative revolution Critical geography …   Wikipedia

  • Cultural geography — is a sub field within human geography. Cultural geography is the study of cultural products and norms and their variations across and relations to spaces and places. It focuses on describing and analyzing the ways language, religion, economy,… …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of geography — See also: Index of geography articles The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to geography: Geography – science that studies the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of Earth.[1] The physical world …   Wikipedia

  • Human geography — is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment, with particular reference to the causes and consequences of the spatial distribution of human activity on the Earth s… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.