- Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk
The Duke of Norfolk Painting by Thomas Gainsborough. Spouse(s) Marion Coppinger
Noble family House of Howard Father Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk Mother Catherine Brockholes Born 15 March 1746 Died 16 December 1815
Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk (15 March 1746 – 16 December 1815), styled Earl of Surrey from 1777 to 1786, was a British peer, the son of Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk and Catherine Brockholes.
He was known for actively participating in the Whig party as part of the opposition to King George III. Surrey succeeded to the title of 11th Duke of Norfolk in 1786 upon the death of his father. He spent a considerable amount of his money rebuilding and refurbishing Arundel Castle after inheriting his title and lands.
He married, firstly, Marion Coppinger (daughter of John Coppinger), on 1 August 1767, who died a year later giving birth. He married, secondly, Frances Scudamore (1750–1820), the only child of Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore on 6 April 1771 at London, England. Frances soon became insane after her marriage and was locked away until her death in 1820. Howard then lived with several mistresses. His longtime mistress, Mary Ann Gibbon (a cousin of Edward Gibbon), was reputed to be his secret third wife and she had five children by him, including two sons who were officers of arms, Matthew Howard-Gibbon, and Edward Howard-Gibbon. An older illegitimate son by a previous mistress, Sir William Woods later became Garter King of Arms.
Norfolk renounced his Catholicism to start his political life, and remained a staunch supporter of Catholic Emancipation, opposing the war with the American colonies. Norfolk was a good friend of Sir Bysshe Shelley, allowing him in 1786 to make out the patent for his baronetcy. Shelley was influenced by Norfolk and built the flamboyant Castle Goring, one side of which was a partial copy of Norfolk's residence of Arundel Castle.
Norfolk died on 16 December 1815 at age 69, without issue from either of his two legal marriages. Upon his death, his lands and titles passed to his cousin, Bernard.
- "Howard, Charles (1746-1815)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
Parliament of Great Britain Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Carlisle
with William Lowther 1780–1784
Edward Norton 1784–1786
John Lowther 1786
John Christian 1786–1790
Peter William Baker
Member of Parliament for Arundel
with Thomas Fitzherbert
Political offices Preceded by
The Earl of Effingham
Deputy Earl Marshal
Vacant Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
The Duke of Norfolk
Honorary titles Preceded by
The Marquess of Rockingham
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
The Earl FitzWilliam
The Duke of Richmond
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
The Duke of Richmond
Peerage of England Preceded by
Duke of Norfolk
Dukes of Norfolk House of Plantagenet (1397–1399)Margaret, 1st Duchess (1397–1399) House of Mowbray (1397–1481) House of Plantagenet (1481–1483)Richard, 1st Duke (1481–1483) House of Howard (1483–1572, 1660—)John, 1st Duke (1483–1485) • Thomas, 2nd Duke (1514–1524) • Thomas, 3rd Duke (1524–1547, 1553–1554) • Thomas, 4th Duke (1554–1572) • Thomas, 5th Duke (1660–1677) • Henry, 6th Duke (1677–1684) • Henry, 7th Duke (1684–1701) • Thomas, 8th Duke (1701–1732) • Edward, 9th Duke (1732–1777) • Charles, 10th Duke (1777–1786) • Charles, 11th Duke (1786–1815) • Bernard, 12th Duke (1815–1842) • Henry, 13th Duke (1842–1856) • Henry, 14th Duke (1856–1860) • Henry, 15th Duke (1860–1917) • Bernard, 16th Duke (1917–1975) • Miles, 17th Duke (1975–2002) • Edward, 18th Duke (2002—)
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