- Luling, Texas
official_name = Luling, Texas
mapsize1 = 250px
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 10.0
area_land_km2 = 9.9
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 3.8
area_land_sq_mi = 3.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 5080
population_density_km2 = 511.2
population_density_sq_mi = 1324.1
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 125
elevation_ft = 410
latd = 29 |latm = 40 |lats = 50 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 38 |longs = 44 |longEW = W
Luling is a city in Caldwell and Guadalupe County,
Texas, along the San Marcos River. The population was 5,080 at the 2000 census. There is some debate as to how Luling got its name. Some say it was named for a Chinese railroad worker, others for a judgenamed Luling. Most likely it was the maiden name of a railroad builder's wife, though no one can be certain.
Luling was founded in 1874 as a railroad town and became a rowdy center for the
cattledrivers on the Chisholm Trail. Contempt of the law by the cowboys helped Luling become known as the "toughest town in Texas." After the great cattle drives ended in the late 1880s, Luling quieted down to a town of about 500, where cottonruled the local economy.
The single most important event in Luling's history was the discovery of oil by
Edgar B. Davis. Davis had mortgaged everything he owned to finance drilling for oil around Luling. On August 9, 1922, The Rafael Rios No. 1 well came in at convert|2161|ft|m and produced convert|150|oilbbl|m3 a day. To repay his loans, Davis contracted convert|2|Moilbbl|m3 at $.50 a barrel to Atlantic Oil and another 2 million to Magnolia Oil, plus another convert|2|Moilbbl|m3 to Magnolia at $.75 per barrel.
Davis' discovery opened up an oilfield convert|12|mi|km long and two miles (3 km) wide. The economy moved quickly from the railroad and
agricultureto oil. The population of the town boomed to over 5000. By 1924, the Luling Oil Field was producing convert|11|Moilbbl|m3 of oil per year. Oil formed much of Luling's economy for the next 60 years.
As oil grew in importance, the railroads that had formed the town declined and largely pulled out of Luling in the 1930s and 1940s.
Luling is located at coor dms|29|40|50|N|97|38|44|W|city (29.680499, -97.645439).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.9 km²).3.8 square miles (9.9 km²) of it is land, and 0.26% is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 5,080 people, 1,791 households, and 1,226 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,324.1 people per square mile (510.8/km²). There were 1,950 housing units at an average density of 508.3/sq mi (196.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.30% White, 9.55% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 22.09% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 44.02% of the population.
There were 1,791 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75, and the average family size was 3.39.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,923, and the median income for a family was $31,094. Males had a median income of $22,365 versus $18,432 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $12,373. About 17.0% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 20.5% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Luling is served by the
Luling Independent School District.
Events and Traditions
WatermelonThump is held each year during the last full weekend in June. It is a big celebration for the locals and draws many people from out of town as well. A favorite activity associated with the 'Thump' is the watermelon seed spitting contest.
Luling is also home to Night In Old Luling, held in October. It features games, food, booths, and a scarecrow contest.
Some of the oil
pump jacks along the main streets of Luling are decorated with whimsical characters, such as a girl eating a watermelon.
People From Luling
Michael Dorn, actor
Emory Bellard, American college footballcoach
James W. Kelley, MBA, PMP, Developer of PM Essentials
Tamron Hall, Anchor MSNBC
* [http://www.lulingcc.org/ Luling Chamber of Commerce]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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