- Central Australia
Central Australia/Alice Springs Region is one of the five regions in the
Northern Territory. The term Central Australia is used to describe an area centred on Alice Springs in Australia. It is sometimes referred to as Centralia; likewise the people of the area are sometimes called Centralians. The region is located in the southern part of the Northern Territoryspanning from the west on Western AustraliaBorder and to the east on the Queenslandborder.
George Pearce, Minister for Home and Territories in the Federal Parliament in the 1920s, thought that the Northern Territorywas too large to be adequately governed, and thus for a short time a separate territory named Central Australia existed.
Central Australia, like the Northern Territory, had its own
Government Residentand administration. The division was along the line of 20 degrees south, down to the South Australianborder, and took effect on 1 February 1927through the " North Australia Act 1926". However the territory lasted for less than five years, and was reincorporated into Northern Territory on 12 June 1931.
The main township in "Central Australia" is Alice Springs, however this area also includes all of the desert lands surrounding it. Whilst a few of these townships (such as Barrow Creek) are stations (ranches), the vast majority of them are
indigenous Australiancommunities. The region covers an area of 546,046 km² which is 40% of the Northern Territory.
The centre of Australia
There is no official centre of Australia. The concept has intrigued various people from the time of early European exploration.
Central Mount Stuart, for example, was so-named because it was believed to stand at the geographical centre of Australia. Today, different calculations give varying results but in general they agree on the area within 200 kilometres south of Alice Springs.
Alice Springs, the main focus of Central Australia, is predominantly
Anglo-Celtic Australian, with approximately 25% Aboriginal population, however the surrounding communities which make up Central Australia are almost exclusively Aboriginal. Therefore, the total population of the area known as Central Australia is approximately 50% Aboriginal. This population is estimated to be approximately 60,000 people.
The Alice Springs Region contains 19 local government areas these include:
Aherrenge Association Incorporated Council
Alice Springs Town Council
Anmatjere Community Council
Aputula Housing Association Council
Arcyonga Council Incorporated
Aritarlpilta Community Council
Ikuntji Community Council Incorporated
Imanpa Community Counccil
Jilkminggan Community Council
Ltyentye Purte Community Council
Ntaria Community Council
Nyirripi Community Incorporated Council
Tapatjatjaka Community Council
Urapuntja Community Council
Wallace Rockhole Community Council
Walungurru incorporated Council
Watiyawanu Community Council
Yuelamu Community Incorporated Council
Yuendumu Community Council
Eastern states of Australia
* [http://www.nt.gov.au/business/documents/general/Central%20Region%20Snapshot%20Nov%202006.pdf Alice Springs Region Info]
* [http://www.nt.gov.au/business/services.cfm?cat5id=31 Alice Springs Region]
* [http://www.alicespringsfilmtv.com.au/_sum.asp Alice Springs Film and Television]
*cite web | author= | year=2004 | url=http://www.ga.gov.au/education/facts/dimensions/centre.htm#fivecentres | title=Centre of Australia, States and Territories | format= | work=Education/Fab Facts | publisher=Geoscience Australia | accessdate=2006-02-13 | accessyear=
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Central Australia — bezeichnet heute das zentrale Gebiet des australischen Kontinents, das sich in der weiteren Umgebung von Alice Springs befindet. Manchmal wird hierfür auch die Bezeichnung Centralia benutzt. Zudem gab es auch ein nicht mehr existierendes… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Central Australia — /sɛntrəl əsˈtreɪljə/ (say sentruhl uhs traylyuh) noun 1. the southern section of the present NT; separate administrative unit with capital at Alice Springs (then called Stuart), 1927–31. 2. Also, central Australia. the remote interior of… … Australian English dictionary
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