Temple, Texas

Temple, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Temple
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Temple, Texas

mapsize1 =250px
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Bell

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 169.5
area_land_km2 = 169.3
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_total_sq_mi = 65.5
area_land_sq_mi = 65.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 54514
population_density_km2 = 322.1
population_density_sq_mi = 834.2

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 219
elevation_ft = 719
latd = 31 |latm = 5 |lats = 37 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 21 |longs = 44 |longEW = W

postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 254
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-72176GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1369696GR|3
website = [http://www.templetexas.us/ www.templetexas.us]
footnotes =

Temple is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. Adjacent to the county seat (Belton), Temple lies in the region referred to as Central Texas. Located off Interstate 35, Temple is 65 miles north of Austin and 34 miles south of Waco. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 54,514, but a 2006 estimate places the current population at a little over 60,000. It is a "principal city" in the Killeen–Temple–Fort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area. .

Currently known as the "Wildflower Capital of Texas," Temple was originally founded in 1881 as a railroad town. It was named in honor of Bernard Moore Temple, civil engineer and former surveyor with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company that established the town. For many years it was the home of the Santa Fe Railway Company's hospital for its employees. Temple is known for its strength as a regional medical center (primarily due to the highly respected Scott & White Memorial Hospital, (the largest employer in town). With Scott & White, the [http://www1.va.gov/directory/guide/facility.asp?ID=132 Veteran's Hospital Center] , and other smaller clinics, Temple is home to more physicians per capita than any other community in the nation. Temple is the site of one of two major campuses for the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. Medical students spend their third and fourth years of medical school in Temple for clinical training (and has recently received approval for all four years).

Besides health services, Temple is home to many regional distribution centers and headquarters to two large, multi-national companies, [http://www.wilsonart.com Wilsonart International] and McLane Company. [http://www.mclaneco.com] The Temple Daily Telegram is the daily newspaper.


Temple is located at coor dms|31|5|37|N|97|21|44|W|city (31.093678, -97.362202)GR|1. Its residents are within relatively short driving distances to Texas's major cities: 134 miles to Dallas, 143 miles to San Antonio, and 187 miles to Houston.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.4 square miles (169.5 km²), of which, 65.3 square miles (169.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.14%) is water.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 54,514 people, 21,543 households, and 14,110 families residing in the city. The population density was 834.2 people per square mile (322.1/km²). There were 23,511 housing units at an average density of 359.8/sq mi (138.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.76% White, 16.49% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 9.23% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.82% of the population.

There were 21,543 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,135, and the median income for a family was $42,795. Males had a median income of $30,858 versus $22,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,360. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.


The City of Temple is served by the Temple Independent School District, as well as Temple College which offers two-year Associate degrees in a variety of subjects, including popular programs in business administration, information technology and nursing.

Temple is also home to Texas A&M University's Medical School (the above mentioned Texas A&M Health Science Center). It operates in conjunction with the Scott & White Memorial Hospital and the [http://www1.va.gov/directory/guide/facility.asp?ID=132 Veteran's Hospital Center] .

Adjacent Belton is home to the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor offering both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in various fields of study. Several other regional and national universities are close by: Baylor University in Waco, The University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University in College Station, and [http://www.tarleton.edu/centraltexas/ Tarleton State University—Central Texas] in Killeen.

The Temple Independent School District has an award-winning public high school with rich offerings including AP and IB courses and diverse extracurricular activities. In addition, Temple is also home to several private schools: Saint Mary's Catholic School (Pre K-8), Holy Trinity Catholic High School (Texas), Immanuel Lutheran (K-8) and Central Texas Christian School (K-12).

Temple is also home to the award winning Theatre program at Temple High School. Under the direction of Natasha Tolleson, they have attended the State One Act Competition for the past 2 years. In 2007, they won the State Championship with the play "Ruthless."


Temple was founded as a railroad junction, and serves as a major freight railroad hub to this day. Both the Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway have mainlines serving the city, and a BNSF rail yard and locomotive maintenance facility are located here. Amtrak also serves the city with its "Texas Eagle" passenger train, which calls at Temple (Amtrak station).

Temple does not have commercial airline service, but is served indirectly by three airports:

* Austin-Bergstrom International Airport out of Austin
* Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport out of Killeen
* Waco Regional Airport out of Waco


Temple is the hometown of Spoon singer Britt Daniel, football legend Mean Joe Greene, football legend Sammy Baugh, actor Rip Torn, author [http://www.simonsays.com/content/destination.cfm?tab=1&pid=484640&agid=13 Bryan Burrough] [ [http://www.booknotes.org/Transcript/?ProgramID=1798 Booknotes ] ] , astronaut [http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/Summer_Training/ColumbiaMS/NASA_SUPERSTARS.html Dr. Bernard Harris] , Houston Astros owner Drayton McLane, Jr. and Houston Astros team chaplain [http://tisd7.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=1 Gene Pemberton] , the only full-time chaplain in Major League Baseball. Frank W. Mayborn (1903-1987), editor and publisher of the "Temple Daily Telegram", was a tireless civic booster of Temple. The Mayborn Convention Center and Museum in south Bell County bears his name. Mayborn also founded KCEN-TV, the NBC affiliate for Central Texas. Temple is mentioned in the film [http://www.youknow-forkids.com/nocountryforoldmen.txt No Country for Old Men] . Darren Trumeter from the FUSE TV show 'The Whitest Kids U Know' was raised in Temple. Alternative band Flyleaf was formed in Belton and Temple, Texas.

External links

* [http://www.choosetemple.com/ Temple Economic Development Corp.]
* [http://www.visittemple.com/ VisitTemple (Tourism)]
* [http://www.templetx.org/ Temple Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.ci.temple.tx.us/ City of Temple]
* [http://www.temple-telegram.com/ Temple Daily Telegram (Newspaper)]
* [http://www.templejc.edu/ Temple College]
* [http://www.tisd.org/ Temple Independent School District]
* [http://www.thespiansr.us/ Temple High School Theatre Arts Department]
* [http://www.cacarts.org/ Cultural Activities Center]
* [http://www.artstemple.com/ Temple Civic Theater]
* [http://www.sw.org/ Scott & White Memorial Hospital]
* [http://www1.va.gov/directory/guide/facility.asp?ID=132 Veteran's Hospital Center]
* [http://www.templebioscience.com/ Temple Health & Bioscience District ]
* [http://www.mclaneco.com/ McLane Company]
* [http://www.wilsonart.com/ Wilsonart Int'l.]
* [http://www2.sprint.com/mr/aboutsprint.do Sprint-Nextel]
* [http://global.acer.com/ Acer America]
* Texas Brazos Trail - [http://www.texasbrazostrail.com]

Local Newspaper, Television and Radio

* [http://www.temple-telegram.com/ Temple Daily Telegram (Newspaper)]
* [http://www.kwtx.com/ KWTX-TV - Channel 10 (CBS)]
* [http://www.kcentv.com/ KCEN-TV - Channel 6 (NBC)]
* [http://www.kxxv.com/ KXXV-TV - Channel 25 (ABC)]
* [http://www.kwkt.com/ KWKT-TV - Channel 44 (FOX)]
* [http://www.knct.org/ KNCT-TV - Channel 46 (PBS)]
* [http://www.univision.com/content/channel.jhtml?chid=10032&schid=11619 KAKW-TV - Channel 62 (Univision)]
* [http://www.timewarnercable.com/CentralTX/ Time Warner Cable]
* [http://www.att.com/gen/general?pid=9687 AT&T Digital TV]
* [http://www.directv.com/DTVAPP/index.jsp Direct TV]
* [http://www.dishnetwork.com/ Dish Network]
* KOOC 106.3 FM "Hot 100" – Temple (Top-40)
* [http://www.975online.com/main.html KWTX 97.5 FM – Waco (Top-40)]
* [http://www.myeagle101.com/ KLTD 101.7 FM "Eagle 101" – Temple (Classic Rock)]
* [http://www.waco100.com/main.html WACO 99.9 FM – Waco (Country)]
* [http://www.kiiz.com/main.html KIIZ 92.3 FM "Z92.3" – Killeen (Hip-Hop and R&B)]
* [http://www.kbderadio.net/ KBDE 89.9 FM – Temple (Christian)]
* [http://www.klove.com/ KVLT 88.5 FM “K-Love” – Temple (Christian)]
* KJXJ 103.9 FM – Cameron (Alternative/Multi-format)
* [http://www.knct.org/knctfm.htm KNCT 91.3 FM – Killeen (Classical/Public Radio)]
* [http://www.countrygoldradio.com/ KTON 940 AM – Belton (Country)]
* KTEM 1400 AM – Temple (Talk Radio)


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