Andrews, Texas


Andrews, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Andrews, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption = Water tower in Andrews, Texas


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Andrews, Texas


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Andrews

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 12.4
area_land_km2 = 12.4
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 4.8
area_land_sq_mi = 4.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 9652
population_density_km2 = 779.0
population_density_sq_mi = 2017.5

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 968
elevation_ft = 3176
latd = 32 |latm = 19 |lats = 17 |latNS = N
longd = 102 |longm = 33 |longs = 6 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 79714
area_code = 432
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-03216GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1329539GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Andrews is a city in and the county seat of Andrews County in the U.S. state of Texas within the West Texas region.GR|6 The population was 9,652 at the 2000 census. Along with Midland and Odessa, these cities form the West Texas Tri-Cities—officially defined by the U.S. Census as the Midland-Odessa Combined Statistical Area with a population of 241,316 in four counties.

Andrews was incorporated on February 2, 1937. Both the city and county were named for Richard Andrews, the first Texan soldier to die in the Texas Revolution.

United States Highway 385 (north-south) and Texas State Highway 115 (east-west) intersect through Andrews.

Geography

Andrews is located at coor dms|32|19|17|N|102|33|6|W|city (32.321401, -102.551733).GR|1

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,652 people, 3,478 households, and 2,598 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,017.5 people per square mile (779.6/km²). There were 4,047 housing units at an average density of 845.9/sq mi (326.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.65% White, 2.04% African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 17.72% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.95% of the population.

There were 3,478 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,774, and the median income for a family was $36,172. Males had a median income of $31,527 versus $22,266 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,101. About 15.3% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Andrews is the only populated city in Andrews County.

Economic development

Andrews is a city built on oil and soil. After the first oil well was drilled (1929) by Deep Rock Oil Company on Missourian Charles E. Ogden's property Andrews County became one of the major oil producing counties in the State of Texas, having produced in excess of 1 billion barrels of oil. However, the cyclical nature of the oil business (as well as dimishing production on existing wells), has caused the community to look into new means of economic development, such as waste disposal, which in some areas has caused controversy.

Andrews and the surrounding area gets very little natural rainfall, and sits on a very thick layer of nearly impenetrable clay soil. As a result, it was considered geologically suitable for disposal of low-level radioactive and mixed waste. Waste Control Specialists (WCS), a subsidiary of Valhi and headquartered in Dallas, Texas, maintains a 14,000 acre (57 km²) site in Andrews County on the border with New Mexico. The company is applying for the right to dispose of both low level radioactive and low level mixed waste; currently, it can only process and store these types of waste (though it can dispose of regular waste). WCS is currently receiving uranium byproduct from a decommissioned Department of Energy plant in Fernald, Ohio.

The city is set to be the location of the $400 million HT3R project.

In 1972, Andrews became the site of the first Kirby Corporation vacuum cleaner factory outside of the original location Ohio. It is often referred to as "Kirby West" to signify the westward expansion of the country.

In effort to attract events to the community, the city funded and built ACE Arena (a multi-purpose arena) which opened in March 2007. In addition the city opened Andrews Business Park South to attract businesses.

Education

Students are served by the Andrews Independent School District.

Junior College

The Andrews Business and Technology Center was completed in January 2006, in conjunction with Odessa College and the University of Texas of the Permian Basin. The school focuses on technology and is a hub for distance learning.

Andrews County Veterans Memorial

Andrews County Veterans Memorial

Post Office

Andrews Post Office, 100 NW Avenue H, Andrews, Texas 79714-9998

Famous People

Professional golfer Chad Campbell was born here.

References

External links

* [http://www.CityofAndrews.org City of Andrews]
* [http://www.AndrewsTX.com Andrews, Texas]
* [http://www.Kirby.com Kirby]
* [http://www.WCSTexas.com Waste Control Specialists]
* [http://www.andrews.esc18.net/ Andrews ISD]
*Handbook of Texas|id=AA/hea3|name=


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