Bristol, Tennessee


Bristol, Tennessee

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Bristol, Tennessee
settlement_type = City
nickname = The Birthplace of Country Music
motto = A Good Place To Live



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = A sign welcomes visitors to the twin cities of Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee.


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Bristol, Tennessee


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Tennessee
subdivision_name2 = Sullivan
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = David Shumaker
established_title =
established_date = 1856
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 29.5
area_total_km2 = 76.4
area_land_sq_mi = 29.4
area_land_km2 = 76.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_km2 = 0.3
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 24821
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 326.5
population_density_sq_mi = 845.8
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 37620, 37621, 37625
area_code = 423
latd = 36 |latm = 35 |lats = 42 |latNS = N
longd = 82 |longm = 11 |longs = 19 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 511
elevation_ft = 1676
website = [http://www.bristoltn.org/ www.bristoltn.org]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 47-08540GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1327702GR|3
footnotes =

Bristol is a city in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 24,821 at the 2000 census. It is the twin city of Bristol, Virginia, which lies directly across the state line between Tennessee and Virginia. The boundaries of both cities run parallel to each other along State Street located in their common downtown district. Along with Kingsport, Tennessee and Johnson City, Tennessee, the Bristols form the Tri-Cities.

Bristol is probably best known for being the site of some of the first commercial recordings of country music, showcasing Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family, and later a favorite venue of the legendary mountain musician Uncle Charlie Osborne. Congress recognized Bristol as the [http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/es/tn/bristol_1 Birthplace of Country Music] in 1998. Bristol is the birthplace of Tennessee Ernie Ford.

Bristol is the site of a NASCAR short track which routinely sells out more than 160,000 seats twice annually. Tickets to Bristol Motor Speedway and DukesFest, a two day festival showcasing the 1980s television show "Dukes of Hazzard" are highly sought-after.

The city is also the home of King College.

Geography

Bristol is located at coor dms|36|34|9|N|82|11|51|W|city (36.569135, -82.197489)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.5 square miles (76.4 km²), of which, 29.4 square miles (76.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.44%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 24,821 people, 10,648 households, and 6,825 families residing in the city. The population density was 845.8 people per square mile (326.5/km²). There were 11,511 housing units at an average density of 392.2/sq mi (151.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.15% White, 2.97% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.

There were 10,648 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,039, and the median income for a family was $37,341. Males had a median income of $28,210 versus $21,173 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,535. About 11.5% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

"Birthplace of Country Music"

Bristol is considered to be the "Birthplace of Country Music" according to a resolution passed by the U.S. Congress in 1998 recognizing its contributions to early country music recordings and influence.

In 1927 record producer Ralph Peer of Victor Records began recording local musicians in Bristol to attempt to capture the local sound of traditional 'folk' music of the region. One of these local sounds was created by the Carter Family, which got its start on July 31, 1927, when A.P. Carter and his family journeyed from Maces Spring, Virginia, to Bristol to audition for Ralph Peer, who was seeking new talent for the relatively embryonic recording industry. They received $50 for each song they recorded. That same visit by Peer to Bristol also resulted in the first recordings by Jimmie Rodgers.David Sanjek, "All the Memories Money Can Buy: Marketing Authenticity and Manufacturing Authorship", p. 155–172 in Eric Weisbard, ed., "This is Pop", Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-674-01321-2 (cloth), ISBN 0-674-01344-1 (paper). p. 158.]

Since 1994 the Birthplace of Country Music Alliance [ [http://www.birthplaceofcountrymusic.org/ Birthplace of Country Music Alliance] ] has promoted the city as a destination to learn about country music and the city's role in the creation of an entire music genre. Currently, the Alliance is organizing the building of a new Cultural Heritage Center to help educate the public about the history of country music in the region. [ [http://www.birthplaceofcountrymusic.org/?BISKIT=3230362962&CONTEXT=cat&cat=10267/] ]

Professional sports

Bristol is the location of Bristol Motor Speedway, a NASCAR Sprint Cup track.

A Chicago White Sox R-league minor league affiliate, the Bristol White Sox, plays its home games at Devault Memorial Stadium in Bristol, Virginia.

Media

Television:
* WJHL-TV (CBS Channel 11)
* WCYB-TV (NBC Channel 5)

Newspaper:
* [http://www.bristolnews.com/ Bristol Herald Courier]

Library:
* [http://www.bristol-library.org Bristol Public Library]

Education

Colleges

King College

Notable current and former residents

*Clarence Ashley, old-time musician
*Tennessee Ernie Ford, singer, actor, entertainer (1919-1991)
*Dave Loggins, songwriter
*Russell B. Richards, Attorney at Law, listed in "The Best Lawyers in America"

Police Department

Infobox Police Department
name = Bristol Police Department

motto =
established =
jurisdiction = City of Bristol, TN
sworn = 69
non-sworn = 25
CSO =
stations =
jails =
helicopters =
policeboats =
chief = Blaine E. Wade
sheriff =
commissioner =
supervisor =
captain =

The Bristol, Tennessee Police Department is the municipal law enforcement agency for the city. The BPD has 69 sworn officers and 25 civilian supportive staff. It also makes use of citizen volunteers as an auxiliary staff that saves the department over $100,000 annually. [http://www.bristoltn.org/police.cfm Bristol Police Department website] ]

References

External links

* [http://www.bristoltn.org/ City of Bristol Official Home Page]
*dmoz|Regional/North_America/United_States/Tennessee/Localities/B/Bristol/|Bristol, TN


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