- Helmut Lang (fashion designer)
Helmut Lang (born
March 10 1956), is an Austrian fashion designer, known for his minimalist, deconstructivist, and often severe designs. The fashion label he created, Helmut Lang, still exists today but is carried on without Mr. Lang's involvement.
Viennawhere he set up his own fashion boutique in 1979, Lang branched out to Parisin the early 1980s to be closer to the international fashionscene. He became famous for his simple but refined designs, his slim suits in black or white, his denimcollection and the use of high-tech fabrics. Lang eventually took the opportunity of his label's growing success and moved his company's headquartersto New York Cityin 1997. His fashionwas sold in upscale department storesand through select retailersas well as in signature Helmut Lang stores around the world. In 1999 Lang entered into a partnershipwith Prada Groupwhich resulted in the acquisition of the Helmut Lang brandby Pradain 2004 and Mr. Lang's departure from the label in 2005. In August 2008 he had a solo exhibition at the Kestnergesellschaft in Hanover titled "ALLES GLEICH SCHWER". [http://www.kestner.org/de/ausstellungen/kommende_ausstellungen.html]
Personal life and Origins of the brand
Lang was born in
Viennabut grew up in rural Austria with his grandparents. Originally, he studied business to become a banker. It is said that he had not been able to find suitable clothing and thus decided to make them himself as an autodidact. And so he switched over to fashion, set up a made-to-measure fashion studio in Viennain 1977 and opened a boutiquenamed "Bou Bou Lang" there in 1979 at the age of 23.
Helmut Lang - the label
His clothes were fairly successful in his native
Austria, and, after a fair exhibition of his clothes at the Centre Pompidouin Parisinitiated by the Austrian government, he branched out successfully to Parisin 1986 and created the label 'Helmut Lang'. And yet, after communting back and forth between Franceand Austria, he eventually withdrew from Parisand returned to Viennain the late 1980s.
At this time in the late 1980s and early 1990s, minimalist fashion was at its height, with
Jil Sander, Giorgio Armaniand Helmut Lang himself being very popular and successful. His clothes were made with very sharp lines and careful cuts, creating basic but extremely elegant silhouettesin high quality and often high-tech fabrics. Lang's favorite 'colors' were black and white. His slim men's suits were a favorite among fashionable advertisingmanagers and other creatives of the time. He was compared to Rei Kawakuboand Yohji Yamamotofor his sometimes austere, intellectual designs.
In 1993, Lang accepted a
professorshipat 'Modeklasse', the famous department of fashion designat the University of Applied Arts Vienna.
New York City
Lang moved to New York in 1997 and subsequently set up his company's
headquartersin 80 Greene St. in SoHoin 1998. This, allegedly, constituted the first ever transcontinental move of a fashion house. In New York, he decided in April 1998, three days before his designs were to be presented to a New York audiencefor the first time, to show his collection through a live internetbroadcast to the world via the newly created company's web site "helmutlang.com". As a first in the fashion scene, ads for the brand could be seen on New York taxitops in 1998. The following season he boldly announced to show his collections not only before New York Fashion Weekbut also before the Milan/ Parisrunway shows. As a result, with many American designers following suit, New York Fashion Weekwas permanently moved up six weeks to herald the established runway shows. From 2000 on, print ads for the brand were placed with National Geographicmagazine - no other fashion house had done that before.
Helmut Lang fashion
Helmut Lang used to make both a women's and men's line, but kept his collection under a single name and presented both lines in one show. He also introduced an
underwear(1995) and jeans(1996) line as well as accessories, such as footwear(1990) and fragrances (1999), but otherwise preferred to keep the brandunified to solidify its identity and strength.
The runway show venues for the Helmut Lang label were switched from
Paris(until 1998) to New York and back again to Parisby Prada(from 2002 to 2005). The collections/presentations used to be called 'séances de travail' (French for 'working sessions') by Mr. Lang.
Helmut Lang fashion timeline 1977-1995This timeline outlines the developments in Helmut Lang's fashion as well significant attributes of key collections. 1977
*Opens made-to-measure studio in Vienna. [Boyd, Davis. "Helmut Lang" Fashion Windows [http://www.fashionwindows.com/runway_shows/helmut_lang/default.asp] . March 2, 2001 ] 1980-84
*Development of signature collections and made-to-measure service in Vienna. 1986
*First presentation in Paris. Shown off the Paris fashion calendar as part of the exhibition "Vienne 1880-1939: L'Apocalypse Joyeuse" at The Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou. [ Cressole, Michel. “Une Lancinante Variation en Jersey Zippé" (Review: Helmut Lang A/W 86-87 Collection). Liberation. 1986 ]
*Introduction of the first Helmut Lang Men’s collection. Women and Men’s collections are shown together as part of the Paris fashion calendar. Men’s silhouette marked the return of the narrow and tailored suit shown with the white shirt, back tie and made to measure shoes.’’ 1988
*Rejects the structure of the traditional fashion show. Introduces the concept of “Séance de Travail”. 1990
*Introduces layering of transparent fabrics in new materials and textures. New approach towards the treatment of these.
*Introduction of Helmut Lang Footwear
*Introduces wet looks, thermal fabrics, paper dresses and American Indian influences. 1992
*Introduces extremely shiny fabrics and textures. Thermal leathers, technical fabrics, padded clothing and body conscious shapes. [ Menkes, Suzy. “The Avant-Garde’s Offensive”. International Herald Tribune. Oct 18. ]
*A/W 93-94. Street style / haute couture presented in wool knits, pure cashmere and velvet. Trademark slit and slashed sleeves first introduced. [ Menkes, Suzy. “The Avant-Garde Plunges Back To The Middle Ages”. International Herald Tribune. March 16, 1993 ]
*S/S 94. Introduces cuffed pants, holographic fabrics, holographic sterling silver jeans, lacquered silks, phantom prints, apron dresses, colored tuxedo stripes, stretch daytime smoking coats, raw denim and customized silk dresses. Introduces hand-sprayed shoes and customized dancing shoes.
*First separate Men’s presentation. Men’s S/S 94 shown as part of the Paris fashion calendar.
*Begins collaboration with
Juergen Telleron backstage documentation and advertising.
*A/W 94-95. Latex bounded lace, lacquered silks, smoking coats and suits, nylon veil dresses, airbrush silks and slash geometric patterns on candy colored fabrics. Introduced reflective fabrics and nude as staple color. [ Spindler, Amy M. “Lang Points The Way to a New Elegance”. The New York Times. March 7, 1994 ]
*First show presented at 17 Rue Commines.
*S/S 95. Hawaiian techno”, high tech and air-tech. New nylon fabrics introduced. 1995
*A/W 95-96. “Couture customized”, camel and tweeds, bra holsters, chiffon and faille. Introduces two-color bloc paneling.
*Introduction of Helmut Lang Underwear.
*S/S 96. New take on lace for men and women, delicate materials, electro vibe, visible bras, apron belts and contrast layering. [ Spindler, Amy M. “In Paris, The Outsiders Are Officially In”. The New York Times. Oct 16 ]
*A/W 96-97. Techno jungle, covered sequins, floral patterns, cargo styles, Japanese Obi style tops and evening dresses. Introduces signature uniform outerwear. Presented with gold blanked covered audience. [ Spindler, Amy M. “Another Sure Step at Helmut Lang”. The New York Times. March 15, 1996 ]
*Introduction of Helmut Lang Jeans, featuring khakis, chinos, denims, work wear, casual wear, functionals and protective wear. [ Middleton, Sharon. “Jeans: The Lang View”. Women’s Wear Daily. November 14, 1996 ]
*S/S 97. Introduction of sashes, festive and ceremonial wear, dislodged lingerie, tuxedo accessories and colored denim. [ Spindler, Amy M. “The Wild, The Seductive, The Hip”. The New York Times. October 12, 2006. ]
*A/W 97-98. Shift toward luxury with the use of classic and pure materials. Reintroduction of fine cashmeres, blended wools and silks. Introduction of funnel neck coats and pleated skirts. Silk tulle, cummerbunds and silk down coated duvet wraps. Definition of new Helmut Lang style with made-to-measure finishing. [ Prigent, Loic. “Ailes d’Ange et Bottines Rouge Sang” Liberation. Mar 17 ]
*Second separate Men’s presentation. Men’s S/S 98 collection shown as part of the New York fashion calendar.
*S/S 98. Introduction of A-line skirt and dresses. Usage of crinoline and pleats. Reintroduction of the classic white t-shirt. For men, introduction of the urban utilitarian. Vintage, painted and sanded denim. Introduction of fold-out clothes. [ “Helmut’s Angel”. Women’s Wear Daily. March 17, 2007.]
*Introduction of “accessoire vêtements”.
*Starts collaboration with
Jenny Holzeron all Helmut Lang stores. [ Contemporary fashion Archive, [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3085/uk/work.html "project: helmut lang flagship store new york with installation by jenny holzer"] January 1, 1997] [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3085/uk/work.html] 1998
*Relocates Helmut Lang from Vienna to New York. First fashion house to make a transcontinental move. [ Foley, Bridget. “The Line From Lang”. Women’s Wear Daily. July 17, 1998]
*Presentation of the A/W 98-99 collection over the Internet. First ever Internet based fashion show. Launch of www.helmutlang.com.’’ [ White, Constance C.R. “No Crush: The CD-ROM Runway”. The New York Times. April 1, 1998 ]
*Moves the presentation venue from Paris to New York, beginning with the A/W 98-99 collection.
*Introduction of Helmut Lang Eyewear.
*Helmut Lang advertises on New York taxi rooftops. ‘’First fashion house to use this advertising channel’’. Features photography by
Robert Mapplethorpeand Bruce Weber.
* A/W 98-99. Luxury sportswear translated to luxury eveningwear. Couture-sportwear, volume and silk-furs. Introduction of the signature parka and burnt denim.
* For the S/S 99 collection, Helmut Lang moves the presentation ahead of the European schedule (from November to September), having the impact of shifting the entire fashion calendar.’’ [ Foley, Bridget. “Lang Sets Early Date For His New York Show”. Women’s Wear Daily. July 7, 1998. ]
* S/S 99. Utilitarian motorbike pants and arm bags. Flower and phantom prints, washed silver platinum leathers, silk feather coats and peasant looks. Introduction of extensions as major detail. [ Menkes, Suzy. “Fast-Forward American Designers Show Their Colors”. International Herald Tribune. September 22, 1998.] 1999
* A/W 99-00. Introduction of interior strap extensions. Introduction of shearing and colored leathers. Pure sterling silver fabrics and anti-stress materials. Introduction of the neck-rest.
* S/S 00. Electric colors, training gear attributes translated into haute couture cuts and fabric, silk organza, feather detailing and transparent layering. [ Menkes, Suzy. “European Designers Score on Creativity in New York:”. International Herald Tribune. September 21, 1999 ]
*Introduction of an extended luxury bag and shoe collection. [ Borgonovo, Carmen. “Lang’s New Angle.” Women’s Wear Daily. September 13, 1999 ]
*Introduction of the signature industrial rubber band as functional part of accessories and shoes.
* A/W 00-01. Monochromatic uniforms. [ Armstrong, Lisa. “Enter Millennium Woman”. The Times. December 22, 2000. ] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2000RTW/review/HLANG]
* S/S 01. Entomologic and marine biological structures. Austrian “Dirndl” influences, sharp strap compositions and lace-up. [ Menkes, Suzy. “Bondage to Graphics: Sex in The City”. International Herald Tribune September 23, 2000. ] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2001RTW/review/HLANG]
*Launch of Helmut Lang fragrance, Men and Women. Collaboration with
Jenny Holzeron Helmut Lang fragrance advertising. 2001
* A/W 01-02. Opaque and sheer contrasts, luxury materials, organza and leather trim details. [ Menkes, Suzy. “Body Language, Laud and Clear”. International Herald Tribune. February 20, 2001 ]
* S/S 02. Block panels, patent leather, leopard print silk, fold prints, architectural construction, organza layering and Viennese crochet. Introduction of accessory holsters and fragment pieces, 2002
* A/W 02-03. Structured layering, re-worked fisherman knits, monochromatic and metal blocks, combined scarf-tops and further incorporation of movement. [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2002RTW/review/HLANG]
* Moves the presentation of collections back to Paris. Separate Men’s presentations through 2004. Women’s presentations continues to be shown together with men’s. [ Deeny, Godfrey. “Helmut Lang to Stage Men’s Collection in Paris”. Fashion Wire Daily. May 28, 2002. ]
* S/S 03. Surf references, Montauk inspired, bright Day-Glo colors, bubble-wrap plastic, high contrast compositions, abstracted wetsuit bands, surf tails, cutouts, inside out made-to-measure trousers, laundry bag pattern, zipper surf couture, zipper smoking stripes and rubber signal prints. [ Mouzat, Virgine. “Emanuel Ungaro, Le Sud, Helmut Lang, Le Retour, Le Figaro. October 5, 2002. ] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2003RTW/review/HLANG]
*Limited edition silver choker by Louise Bourgeois. [ Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/1872/uk/work.html] October 4, 2002 ] [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/1872/uk/work.html]
*Opens made-to-measure studio in New York. 2003
* A/W 03-04. “Urban Warrior” vernacular, aviation fragmented pieces, magnetic flaps, petaled organza, layering as clothing extension, interchangeable and modular pieces, one leg smoking chap and parachute holsters. Introduction of chaps for men and women. Introduction of cashmere and fleece fused material. [ Menkes, Suzy. “Lang Solves The Puzzle”. International Herald Tribune, March 8] , 2003. ] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2003RTW/review/HLANG]
Louise Bourgeoisin the creation of limited edition pieces. [ Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3137/uk/work.html "fashion product: t-shirt and cd. collaboration louise bourgeois/helmut lang"] January 1, 2003 ] [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3137/uk/work.html]
*Music by Brigitte Cornand featuring vocals by
Louise Bourgeois[ Deeny, Godfrey.”Helmut Lang Goes Into Action”. Fashion Wire Daily, January 27, 2003 ] [ Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3137/uk/work.html "fashion product: t-shirt and cd. collaboration louise bourgeois/helmut lang"] January 1, 2003 ] [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3137/uk/work.html]
*S/S 04. “
Dragonfly”, cut outs, battered metal, extended fragment accessories, ornamental pouches, hand wraps, wide color palette, entomologic and urban cowboy references. [ Frankel, Susannah. “ New-Look Lang Embraces a Rainbow of Colors”. The Independent, October 10. 2003 ]
*Introduction of metallic patent leather in clothing and accessories. [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2004RTW/review/HLANG] 2004
*A/W 04-05. Eastern European influences, colored shearing, horsehair, copper leather, Hungarian pleats, French maid look, cummerbund tops, drapée holsters, skirt capes, French lace and Russian bark pattern. Introduction of made-to-measure evening dresses. [ Menkes, Suzy. “Helmut Lang and His Search For Modern Romance”. International Herald Tribune, March 5 2004.] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2004RTW/review/HLANG]
Louise Bourgeoisin the creation of limited edition pieces. [ Menkes, Suzy, “Lang: Luxury With a Glint”. International Herald Tribune, January 27, 2004. ] [ Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3811/uk/work.html "fashion product: janus in leather jacket. collaboration louise bourgeois/helmut lang"] March 1, 2004 ] [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/more/3811/uk/work.html]
*S/S 05. Maritime, rope and knot detailing, bathing suit trompe l’oeil waist. 1000 eye / pearl pieces, fishtails and sailor pant tuxedos. Introduction of elastic seersucker. [ Menkes, Suzy. “Upscale Architecture at Saint Laurent; Dior Revived Grunge”. International Herald Tribune, July 6 2004. [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2005RTW/review/HLANG]
Throughout his career, Lang shied away from
interviewsor official festivites and disliked being photographed. He even was absent from the Council of Fashion Designers of America awards in 2000, where he was "nominated for all three of the evening's major awards" [http://www.booknoise.net/johnseabrook/stories/design/lang/index.html] - (he became Menswear Designer of the Year). He has also remained silent in public about Pradaand Link Theory (see below).
Currently, Mr. Lang resides in East Hampton with his longtime companion in an oceanfront
mansionthat its former owner, Frederic Seegal, then-president of investment bank Wasserstein Perella, sold to him for $15.5m in May 1999 [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9905E1DB1739F935A35755C0A96F958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print] [http://nymag.com/nymetro/news/people/columns/intelligencer/1121/]
Prada partnership and Lang's departure
Milan-based fashion house Pradaacquired 51% of the Helmut Lang company in the course of a multi-brand strategy which also included the acquisition of German fashion label Jil Sander.
Despite the quality of the clothes and the slight revival of minimalist fashion in the early 2000s, the Helmut Lang brand did not fare well.
Pradadecided to cancel the Helmut Lang Jeans license, which had been responsible for more than half of the brand's sales, and intended to develop an in-house accessories line. But neither the new accessories nor the fragrancesproved a large success. Mr. Lang is said to have insisted that one of his colognes be produced when a test study by the manufacturer-to-be, Procter & Gamble, strongly suggested to modify the scent. After alleged disputes with Prada Group's CEO Patrizio Bertelli on how the brand should be continued and after Mr. Lang had sold his remaining shares to Pradain October 2004, he left his own label in February 2005 [http://www.centredaily.com/mld/charlotte/living/11875829.htm?source=rss&channel=charlotte_living] .
Helmut Lang stores
Original stores (until 2005)
This section outlines the development of Helmut Lang stores and Lang's achievements in the area of architecture.
All of the original Helmut Lang stores (see select list below) have been closed. The last one to close was the
Parislocation in late 2005. Most of the art-inspired stores had been designed by Mr. Lang in collaboration with Gluckman Mayner Architectsof New York.
*Helmut Lang Munich, Kardinal Faulhaber Strasse, 3, 80333, Munich, Germany. hl-art [http://www.hl-art.net/contact_bio.html "Helmut Lang Bio"] .]
*Helmut Lang Milan, Via St. Andrea, 14, 20212, Milan, Italy.
*Helmut Lang Vienna, Seilergasse, 6, 1010, Vienna, Austria. Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3149/uk/work.html] .]
*Helmut Lang New York, Worldwide Flagship Store, 80 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012, USA. Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3085/uk/work.html] .]
*Helmut Lang Headquarters, 80 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012, USA. Fashion Windows [http://www.fashionwindows.com/runway_shows/helmut_lang/default.asp "Helmut Lang"] .]
*Helmut Lang Paris, Store-in-store, Printemps, 64 Bld. Haussman, 75451, Paris, France.
*Helmut Lang Hong Kong, Store-in-store, 228-230 Landmark Central, Hong Kong. Socha, Miles. "Helmut Lang Furthers Asian Retail Expansion". Women's Wear Daily August 4 2000 ]
*Helmut Lang Singapore, Store-in-store, 9 Scott Road #02-10/11/12/13, Pacific Plaza, 228210, Singapore.
*Helmut Lang Aichi, Store-in-store, Nagoya Mitsukoshi, Mitsukoshi Nagoya Sakae 2F, 3-5-1 Sakae, Naka-ku Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.
*Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-in-store, Isetan Shinjuku Men, Isetan Shinjuku Men’s-Kan 3F, 3-14-1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.
*Helmut Lang Tokyo , Store-in-store, Isetan Shinjuku Women, Isetan Shinjuku Annex Building 4F, 3-14-1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.
*Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-in-store, Shibuya Seibu Men, Seibu Shibuya Annex B 1F/4F, 21-1 Udagawa-cho, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan.
*Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-in-store, Shibuya Seibu Women, Seibu Shibuya Annex B 1F/4F, 21-1 Udagawa-cho, Shibuya.
*Helmut Lang Seoul, Store-in-store, 2F, Shinsegae Department Store Kangnam Branch, 19-3 Banpo-dong, Seocho-ku, Seoul, Korea.
*Helmut Lang Kobe, Dainichi-Akashicho Building 18, Akashi-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo, Japan.
*Helmut Lang Parfums New York, 81 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012, USA. Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3090/uk/work.html] .]
*Helmut Lang Studio, 142 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012, USA. Alfano, Jennifer. "Inner Sanctum". V Man September 2004 ]
*Helmut Lang Made-to-Measure New York, 142 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012, USA. Alfano, Jennifer. "Inner Sanctum". V Man September 2004 ]
*Helmut Lang Paris, 219 Rue Saint-Honore, 75001, Paris, France. Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3091/uk/work.html] .]
*Helmut Lang Milan (new location), Via della Spiga, 11, Milan, 20121, Italy. Contemporary Fashion Archive [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3132/uk/work.html] .]
Four different scents were created by Mr. Lang in cooperation with
Procter & Gamble, all of which were discontinued with the closing of the brand in 2005. Link Theory has not announced to revive the perfume lines.
*Helmut Lang (women's) - 2000
*Helmut Lang Pour Homme - 2001
*Helmut Lang Velviona (women's and men's) - limited release available exclusively at New York store - 2001
*Helmut Lang Cuiron (men's) - 2002
In February 2005, Mr. Lang founded HL-art to evaluate potential art projects. [http://www.wwd.com/search/article/96932?query=hl-art] He has since published excerpts from the projects "Long Island Diaries", "The Selective Memory Series" and "The Top or Bottom Conversation Files" in a number of publications. [http://hl-art.net/] In September 2007, the
East Hamptontown board approved Mr. Lang's application for an 'artist's studio permit' for his Tyson Lane residence "to concentrate on other artistic endeavors, such as mixed-media installations, sculpture, and graphic art". [http://www.easthamptonstar.com/DNN/Default.aspx?tabid=3481] [http://www.easthamptonstar.com/dnn/Archive_Archive_Archive_Archive/Home20070823/News/helmut_lang/tabid/3360/Default.aspx] Besides his fashion collections, Mr. Lang had already been involved in art exhibitions in earlier years:
This timeline outlines Helmut Lang's presentations in fashion and art.
*"Next Ever After", The Journal Gallery, Brooklyn hl-art [http://www.hl-art.net/thejournalinvite.html "Helmut Lang Exhibitions"] .]
*"Selective Memory Series", Purple Institute, Paris [http://www.hl-art.net/purple_home.html] [http://www.purple.fr/fashion.php?c=7 Purple Fashion] , Purple Institute, 2007.]
*Helmut Lang, “Séance de Travail”. Paris. Style.com [http://www.style.com/] , Condenet, 2007.] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2002RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2002RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2003RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2003RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2004RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2004RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2005RTW/review/HLANG]
*Helmut Lang, S/S 99. online. hl-art [http://www.hl-art.net/contact_bio.html "Helmut Lang Bio"] .]
*Helmut Lang, “Séance de Travail”. New York. Style.com [http://www.style.com/] , Condenet, 2007.] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2000RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2001RTW/review/HLANG] [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/F2001RTW/review/HLANG]
*Helmut Lang, “Séance de Travail”. Paris. [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3145/uk/work.html] [http://www.contemporaryfashion.net/index.php/all/none/3146/uk/work.html]
* Viennese Modernism. Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou,
ParisZahm, Olivier [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-17520468.html Langfroid] , Artforum International, October 1995.]
* "Louise Bourgeois. Jenny Holzer. Helmut Lang" Kunsthalle Wien,
Viennahl-art [http://www.hl-art.net/contact_bio.html "Helmut Lang Bio"] .] [http://www.artnet.com/usernet/awc/awc_history_view.asp?aid=424207379&i
*"I Smell You on My Clothes". Florence Biennale,
FlorenceSeabrook, John [http://www.booknoise.net/johnseabrook/stories/design/lang/index.html "The Invincible Designer" ] , The New Yorker, September 18 2000.]
*VB53, Fondazione Pitti Imagine,
FlorenceCianchi, Lapo [http://www.diabooks.org/diabooks/item.m?itemID=19916 "Vanessa Beecroft VB53"] , 2006.]
*VB45, Kunsthalle Wien,
ViennaDeitch Projects [http://www.deitch.com/projects/sub.php?projId=19 "Vanessa Beecroft VB45"] , 2006.]
*VB38, Galerie Analix Forever,
GenevaVon Grasenabb, Sidonie [http://www.artnet.com/magazine/features/vongrasenabb/vongrasenabb4-11-05.asp "A Space, Not and Act"] , Artnet April 8 2005.]
*Kurt Kocherscheidt_Helmut Lang. Trocadero,
Parishl-art [http://www.hl-art.net/contact_bio.html "Helmut Lang Bio"] .]
*CFDA, Best International Designer of the Year, 1996.
*VH-1 Vogue Award, Best Menswear Designer of the Year, 1997.
*Bildende Kunst Der Stadt Wien, 1997.
*Pitti imagine Award, Best Designer of the Nineties, 1998.
*New York Magazine Best Designer of the Year Award, 1998.
*I.D. Magazine, Design Sistinction Award for Environments, 1998.
*NYC Chapter of the American Instityute of Architects: Award for Interiors, 1998.
*Business Week/Architectural Record Award, 1999.
*The American Institute of Architects, Award for Interior Architecture, 1999.
*CFDA Menswear Designer of the Year, 2000.
GQDesigner of the Year, 2004.
*Fashion Group International,“The Imagineers of Our Time" Award , 2004.
*LEAD Award, 2005.
* [http://www.hl-art.net/ hl-art web site, featuring projects by Helmut Lang]
* [http://www.fashion-forum.org/fashion-designers/helmut-lang.html Helmut Lang - Biography]
* [http://men.style.com/fashion/collections/S2005MEN/review/HLMEN Spring 2005 Men's Collection by Mr. Lang himself]
* [http://www.style.com/fashionshows/collections/S2005RTW/review/HLANG Spring 2005 Women's Collection by Mr. Lang himself]
* [http://www.booknoise.net/johnseabrook/stories/design/lang/index.html "The Invisible Designer: Helmut Lang" (The New Yorker)]
This section outlines key interviews and stories that have been made on Helmut Lang (the person) up until 2008.
*2008 - Wakefield, Neville. “Helmut Lang”. The Journal. Jan.
*2007 - Silva, Horacio. “Star 90’s”, The New York Times. Sept 16. [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/16/style/tmagazine/09remix-turnpage-t.html?scp=8&sq=%22helmut+lang%22]
*2007 - Lalanne, Olivier. “Sa Vie, Ses Oeuvres”. Vogue Paris. Nov.
*2006 - Von Uslar, Moritz. “Die Kunst des Nichts”. Der Spiegel. Nov 6.
*2006 - Blanks, Tim “Mr. Helmut Lang”. Fantastic Man. Oct.
*2004 - Antsakli, Alexia. “A Master of Trend Reversal”. Vogue Hellas, Nov.
*2004 - Kaylin, Lucy. “Designer of The Year”. GQ, Nov.
*2004 - Alfano, Jennifer. “Inner Sanctum”. V Man, Sept.
*2004 - Harms, Ingeborg. “Mit Kopf & Herz”. Vogue Deutsch, Sept.
*2004 - Paquin, Paquita, Saint André Perrin, Cédric. “Helmut Lang”, Liberation Style, Sept.
*2004 - Poschardt, Ulf. “Eine Stil-Ikone Muss Anonym Sein”. Welt Am Sonntag, Aug 1.
*2004 - Halley, Pater. “Art, Work, Vienna, Fashion, New York, Helmut Lang”. Index, Apr. [http://www.indexmagazine.com/interviews/helmut_lang.shtml]
*2004 - Chenoune, Farid. “Helmut Lang”. Vogue Paris, Feb.
*2003 - Chayet, Stephanie. “Sous Le Nois, La Volupté”. Elle France, Oct 6.
*2003 - Benaïm, Laurence. “Helmut Lang Présent Futur”. Le Monde, Sept 27.
*2003 - Browne, Alix. “Helmut Lang”. V Magazine, Sept.
*2003 - Frankel, Susannah. “Modern Master”. The Independent Fashion Magazine, Sept.
*2003 - Heath, Ashley. “House of Lang?”.Arena Homme Plus, Sept.
*2003 - Heiss, Desirée, Petronio, Ezra. “Interview With Helmut Lang”. Self Service, Sept.
*2003 - Lalanne, Olivier. “Gang Lang”. Vogue Paris, Feb.
*2002- Feldmann, Lisa. “Helmut Uber Heimat”. Süddeutsche Zeitung, Nov 23.
*2002 - MacSweeney, Eve. “Bread, Water & Inspiration”. Vogue, Jan.
*2001 - Van Versendaal, Dirk. “Der Richtige Riecher”. Stern, Oct.
*2001 - Furniss, Jo-Ann. “A Simple Plan”. The Independent Fashion Magazine, Sept 15.
*2001 - Poschardt, Ulf. “Das Suchen Bleibt”. Welt am Sonntag, Jul 29.
*2001 - MacSweeney, Eve. “Der Kult-Cowboy”. Profil, Apr.
*2001 - Renaux, Pascal. “Lang is Love”. Numero, Apr.
*2001 - Mayer, Margrit, “Das Labor Des Dr. Lang”. Architectural Digest Germany, Feb.
*2001 - Hüetlin, Thomas. “Der Insichtbare Modeschöpfer”. Spiegel Reporter, Jan.
*2001 - MacSweeney, Eve. “Helmut Lang”. Arena, Jan.
*2000 - Seabrook, John. “The Invisible Designer”. The New Yorker, Sept 18. [http://www.booknoise.net/johnseabrook/stories/design/lang/index.html]
*2001 - Wrede, Andreas. “Helmut Lang”. Welt am Sonntag, Aug 20.
*2001 - Singer, Sally. “Scents & Sensibility”. Vogue, May.
*2001 - Burger, Jörg. “Ich Hade Einen Traum”. Die Zeit, Apr 13.
*2001 - Harms, Ingeborg. “:Mit Unfehlbarer Hand”. Frankfurter Allgemeinte Zeitung, Apr 1.
*1999 - Mower, Sarah. “And Still I Rise”. I-D, Oct.
*1999 - Foley, Bridget. “The Sleeping Giant”. W, Sept.
*1999 - Mower, Sarah. “Significant Other”. Telegraph Magazine, May 8.
*1999 - Reed, Paula. “The King of The Coups”. The Financial Times. Apr 10.
*1999 - Mayer. Margrit, J. “Lang Lebe Helmut:. Vogue Deutschland. Apr.
*1998 - Picardie, Justine. “Modernism The Easy Wat”. The Sunday Telegraph Magazine. Oct 18.
*1998 - Armstrong, Lisa. “The Austrian Empire”. Vogue UK. Sept.
*1998 - Mower, Sarah. “Helmut Lang USA”. Harper’s Bazaar. Sept.
*1997 - Burger, Jörg. “Helmut Lang”. Zeit Magazin. Aug 8.
*1997 - Mayer, Margrit J. “ Helmut Lang Dans Le Texte”. Vogue Paris. Aug.
*1997 - Gächter, Sven. “Minimalist”. Das Magazine. Mar 23.
*1997 - Hirschberg, Lynn. “The Little Rubber Dress, Among Others”. The New York Times. Feb 2.
*1996 - Flett Flanagan, Kathryn. “And All Because The Lady Loves…”. The Observer Life. Oct 6.
*1996 - Howarth, Peter. “The Designer”. Arena. Sept.
*1996 - Buckley, Richard. “King of Cool Helmut Lang”. Dutch. Jun.
*1996 - Reder, Christian. “Helmut Lang”. Springer. Mar.
*1995 - Horyn, Cathy. “The Devil In Helmut Lang”. Vanity Fair. Nov.
*1998 - Zahm, Olivier. “Langfoid”. Artforum. Oct. [http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Langfroid-a017520468]
*1998 - Von Uslar, Moritz. “Ein Gespräch Mit Helmut Lang”. Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin. Mar 3.
*1994 - Espen, Hal. “Portrait of a Dress”. The New Yorker. Nov 7.
*1994 - Watson, Shane. “Cool hand Lang”. Elle UK. Sept.
*1994 - Brampton, Sally. “Langevity”. The Guardian Weekend. Aug 20.
*1994 - Spindler, Amy M. “Helmut Lang: Fresh Glitter”. The New York Times. Jul 17.
*1994 - Mower, Sarah. “Brilliant”. Harper’s Bazaar. Feb.
*1993 - Tredre, Roger. “The Maker’s Culture; The Wearer’s Imprint”. The Independent. Sept 9.
*1993 - Lutterbeck, Claus. “Der Exot Aud Dem 5. Stock”. Stern. Apr.
*1992 - Crowley, Deidre. “Helmut Lang”. Arena. Dec.
*1991 - Traska, Monique. “Helmut Lang: Ein Konservativer Anarchist”. Die Presse Magazin. Jul 1.
*1990 - Kaup, Katia D. “Une Manif Pour Helmut Lang!”. Le Nouvel Observateur. Mar 29.
*1987 - Fontana, Jole. “Helmut Lang – Purist Aus Passion”. Textiles Suisses, Dec.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.