- 1876 Republican National Convention
The 1876 Republican National Convention was a
presidential nominating conventionheld at the Exposition Hall in Cincinnati, Ohioon July 14-16, 1876. It resulted in the nomination of Rutherford B. Hayesand William A. Wheelerfor President and Vice President of the United States.
The convention was called to order by
Republican National Committeechairman Edwin D. Morgan. Theodore M. Pomeroyserved as the convention's temporary chairman and Edward McPhersonserved as permanent president.
The principal candidates at the convention included Senator
James G. Blaineof Maine, the former Speaker of the House; Senator Oliver P. Mortonof Indiana; Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin H. Bristowof Kentucky; Senator Roscoe Conklingof New York; Governor Rutherford B. Hayesof Ohio; and Governor John F. Hartranftof Pennsylvania. James Russell Lowell, well-known poet and a professor at Harvard College, spoke on behalf of Hayes. [Heymann, C. David. "American Aristocracy: The Lives and Times of James Russell, Amy, and Robert Lowell". New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1980: 136. ISBN 0396076084]
Blaine led after the first ballot, but had only 285 of the 378 delegates required to secure the nomination. Morton, Bristow, and Conkling each had around 100 delegates, while Hayes and Hartranft each had around 60. The second, third, and fourth ballots saw similar results, but Hayes began to surge on the fifth ballot, passing Morton and Conkling to secure third place after Blaine and Bristow. The sixth ballot saw Blaine rise to 308, but, with the other candidates fading, Hayes continued his surge, moving into second place. After the sixth ballot, the Bristow, Conkling, Morton, and Hartranft supporters withdrew their candidates' names from consideration, leaving Hayes as the sole focus of opposition to Blaine. With the other candidates gone, Hayes won a narrow majority on the seventh ballot and secured the nomination.
The Convention then went on to choose a vice presidential nominee. Congressman
William A. Wheelerof New Yorkwon a majority on the first ballot, defeating Marshall Jewellof Connecticut, Stewart L. Woodfordof New York, Joseph R. Hawleyof Connecticut, and Frederick T. Frelinghuysenof New Jersey.
The ticket went on to win in the election of 1876, defeating Democrats
Samuel J. Tildenand Thomas A. Hendricks.
History of the United States Republican Party
1876 Democratic National Convention
* " [http://books.google.com/books?id=UBpkVnw_AIIC Proceedings of the Republican National Convention, Held at Cincinnati, Ohio, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, June 14, 15, and 16, 1876] "
* [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=29624 Republican Party Platform of 1876]
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