Orme, Tennessee


Orme, Tennessee
Orme, Tennessee
—  Town  —
Location of Orme, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°0′41″N 85°48′19″W / 35.01139°N 85.80528°W / 35.01139; -85.80528Coordinates: 35°0′41″N 85°48′19″W / 35.01139°N 85.80528°W / 35.01139; -85.80528
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Marion
Area
 – Total 4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)
 – Land 4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 846 ft (258 m)
Population (2000)
 – Total 124
 – Density 29.8/sq mi (11.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 47-56040[1]
GNIS feature ID 1296488[2]

Orme is a town in Marion County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 145 as of 2007. It is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Orme (rhymes with "storm") is located at 35°0′41″N 85°48′19″W / 35.01139°N 85.80528°W / 35.01139; -85.80528 (35.011361, -85.805175)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 124 people, 57 households, and 36 families residing in the town. The population density was 29.8 people per square mile (11.5/km²). There were 63 housing units at an average density of 15.2 per square mile (5.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White.

There were 57 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.64.

In the town the population was spread out with 17.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 36.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 121.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,563, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $45,833 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,374. There were 17.9% of families and 18.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 22.2% of under eighteens and 18.2% of those over 64.

History

In the 1930s, Orme was a coal-mining community with a population of thousands, a jail, three schools, and a hotel. After a coal strike in the 1940s, the local coal mine closed, and the town lost most of its population and other business activity.[4]

Drought

In 2007, Orme was one of the hardest-hit communities in the drought-ridden southeastern United States, due to its dependence on two vulnerable water sources: a waterfall-fed creek and a natural spring that delivered up to 60,000 gallons/day (227,000 liters/day). These sources dried up to only 5,000 gallons/day (19,000 liters/day), not enough to pressurize the supply lines to the town's residents.

A temporary solution was arranged whereby a truck would haul water to the town providing enough water to keep the system running for only three hours each day, from 18:00 to 21:00 local time.[5]

The mayor of Orme, Tony Reames, arranged a permanent solution in the form of a connection to the municipal system of the nearby community of Bridgeport, Alabama. In his words: "It's not a short-term solution. It is THE solution." The connection would be via a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) pipe between the two communities, paid for by an emergency grant of $377,590 from the USDA. The project was hoped to be completed by the end of November 2007.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b Bluestein, Greg (2007-11-01). Tennessee town has run out of water. Charlotte Observer. Retrieved from http://www.charlotte.com/nation/story/344047.html on 2007-11-01.
  5. ^ Associated Press (2007-11-01). Tenn. town has water just 3 hours daily. MSNBC. Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21582319/?gt1=10547 on 2007-11-02.

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