- Ancient Greek history of Cyprus
Greek historians have constructed a history of
Cyprusthat includes many mythological elements, but may contain valuable information on the early history of some local dynasties.The Greeksbelieved it to be history and showed the graves and ancestor temples of these people to visitors. All the kings of Cyprus could trace their ancestry back to Teucer, Agapenorand Kinyrasand even the biblementions one of the Kinyradae, Kethimus (Kittim).
From Pygmalion the chronology follows
Ovid's Metamorphosis, ApollodorusBibliothiki and Jerome's Chronicon. Prior to that it follows Plato(Symposium, Critias, Timaeus).
1700 BC AphroditeOurania comes to Cyprus.
PygmalionBelis comes to the city of Amathusin Cyprus, marries Galatea and begets Paphos.
1460 BCPaphos Pygmaliotis is known in Cyprus.
1420 BCAdonis Phoenikides is known.
1405 BCKinyras Paphitis founds the city of Paphos but is seduced by his own daughter Smyrna, and begets a son Adonis.
1385 BCLaodice, daughter of Kinyras marries Elatus Arcades of Arcadiaand gives birth to five sons, Aepytus, Pereus, Cyllen, Ischys, and Stymphalus.
1355 BCPygmalion (father unknown) rules at Paphos.
Sandocus Astynoudes marries Pharnace, daughter of Megassares, king of Hyria in Celixia and begets Kinyras.
1310 BCKinyras Sandocou, having married Metharme, daughter of Pygmalion, becomes king of Cyprus and begets Oxyporus and Adonis, and the daughters, Orsedice, Laogore and Braesia.
1220 BCKinyras (father unknown) rules at Paphos. 1201 BCKinyras sends AgamemnonAtrides 50 ships, 49 of them made of clay. 1183 BCAgapenor Ancaeou, the king of Arcadiarebuilds Paphosand builds a sanctuary to Aphrodite at Palaepaphos.
TeucerTelemonides marries a daughter of Kinyras, begets a daughter Asteria and founds Salamis.
c.1160-unknown time BC Laodice, a descendant of
Agapenorsends a robe as a gift for Athena Aleain Tegea. 1150 BCDemophon Thesides, the king of Athensdies in Cyprus.
c.1000-600 BC Euclus foretells of the birth of
Homerto Themisto, a native of Salamis. 724 BCThe Tyrian king Eleuleus’ attempt to invade Cyprus results in the Assyrians laying siege to Tyre after being called to assist the Cypriots.
680 BCTen Cypriot kings, including Pylagoras king of Chytroi, Eteander king of Paphos and Damasus king of Kurion assist Esarhaddon, king of Assyriain his campaign against Egypt.
470 BC Amasiscompels Cyprus to pay tribute to Egypt after becoming the first man to take it by force.
522 BCEvelthon is king of Salamis.
511 BCSiromas rules at Salamis.
500 BCChersis Evelthonides rules at Salamis.
493 BCGorgus Chersides rules at Salamis.
493-492 BC Onsilus the younger brother of Gorgus rules at Salamis and together with other Cypriot kingdoms revolts against the
Persians. 492 BCGorgus restored at Salamis.
465 BCPhilaon rules at Salamis.
465-450 Nicodemus rules at Salamis.
c.450 Lacharidas rules at Salamis.
c.450 Evergetis rules at Salamis.
c.445 A Phoenician tyrant usurps the throne of Salamis.
411 BCAbdemon, the king of Tyre occupies Salamis.
EvagorasTeukrides takes back Salamis and then conquers Tyre and other parts of Phoeniciaand then all of Cyprus.
374-368 BC Nicocles
368-351 Evagoras II
351-332 Pnythagoras fights at sea as an ally of Alexander in the siege of Tyre.
Cyprus is mentioned by biblical historian Flavius
Josephusas being settled by Kittim, son of Javan, grandson of Japheth. "Cethimus possessed the island Cethima: it is now called Cyprus; and from that it is that all islands, and the greatest part of the sea-coasts, are named Cethim by the Hebrews: and one city there is in Cyprus that has been able to preserve its denomination; it has been called Citius by those who use the language of the Greeks, and has not, by the use of that dialect, escaped the name of Cethim." AotJ I:6.
1560 BCKethimus (Kinyras or Kypros) rules over Cyprus according to the Bible.
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