Back-fire


Back-fire

:"For other meanings of the term see backfire."

A Back-fire or backfire is an explosion in the inlet manifold, carburetor/throttle body or air cleaner of an internal combustion engine.cite book
last =Afgan
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =Naim Afgan, Maria da Grac̦a Carvalho
title =New and Renewable Energy Technologies for Sustainable
publisher =CRC Press
date =2004
location =
pages =page 332
url =http://books.google.com/books?id=cRq9safls9kC&pg=PT346&dq=backfire+explosion+engine&client=firefox-a&sig=6FoC3nMP4cSW60WChbYnFFvONZA
doi =
id = ISBN:9058096262
]

Definition: Backfire - The unwanted ignition (explosion) of fuel in the intake manifold, normally causing an objectionable popping noise, together with possible loss of power and forward motion.

The term was derived from experiences with early unreliable guns which could literally blow up in a shooter's face. From this came the use of the word "backfire" as a verb to indicate something that produces an unintended, unexpected, and undesired result.

Explanation

Backfire in an automobile engine typically results from various malfunctions related to the air to fuel ratio. Usually, backfiring occurs in carbureted engines that are running lean where the air fuel mixture has insufficient fuel. ("Running lean" is typically a sign of mal-adjusted carburetors or fuel injection where there is not enough fuel for the amount of air). Afterfire occurs in engines that have an emission system malfunction (air injection system diverter valve), exhaust leak or unburnt fuel in an exhaust system in which the catalytic converter has been removed. When a driver shifts up and lets off the accelerator, the engine has a moment of running rich or with insufficient oxygen. This causes an incomplete burn which causes the fumes to explode in the exhaust system. The leak itself is the most dangerous aspect. Without it, the mixture would cool enough not to explode. A fuel injected engine may backfire if an intake leak is present (causing the engine to run lean), or a fuel injection component such as an air-flow sensor is defective.

Common causes of backfires are:

* "Timing" – If car is distributor-less
* "Timing" – If a two stroke engine is backfiring every other stroke.
* "Fuel pressure, fuel filter and pump" – leaks and corrosion could cause lack of fuel during the fuel injection event.
* "Bad wiring in ignition" – ..if car won't run for more than a few moments.

In older engines, backfiring may be common. Backfire is rare in modern cars with fuel-injection and computer-controlled fuel mixtures.

Common causes of back fires in the intake manifold are bad spark timing, or incorrect (usually lean) fuel ratio.

When starting an engine, timing that is too advanced will fire the spark plug before the intake valve is closed. The flame front will travel back in to the intake manifold, igniting all of that air and fuel as well. The resulting explosion then travels out of the carburetor and air cleaner. A common air filter will allow the gases to escape, but will block the flame front. On many small marine engines, no air filter is used, but a screen is placed over the intake of the carburetor as a flame arrestor to prevent these flames from escaping the intake, and potentially igniting fuel, or fuel vapors in the enclosed sump or bilge of the boat and causing a fire or explosion. Improperly adjusted carburetors that create a lean condition during acceleration can cause the air fuel mixture to burn so slowly, that combustion is still taking place during the exhaust stroke, and even when the intake valve opens. The flame front can then travel up the intake and cause a backfire.

In drag racing, backfires in the intake usually result in the complete destruction of the intake manifold, carburetors, supercharger, and sometimes engine.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • back|fire — «BAK FYR», noun, verb, fired, fir|ing. –n. 1. an explosion of gas occurring at the wrong time or in the wrong place in an internal combustion engine: a) an explosion in the intake or exhaust, resulting from unburned fuel in the exhaust, or slow… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Back-fire — Backfire Back fire Back fire Back fire , v. i. 1. (Engin.) To have or experience a back fire or back fires; said of an internal combustion engine. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. Of a Bunsen or similar air fed burner, to light so that the flame proceeds …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • back fire — backfire ackfire, back fire ack fire 1. A fire started ahead of a forest or prairie fire to burn only against the wind, so that when the two fires meet both must go out for lack of fuel. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. (a) A premature explosion in the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • back fire — noun a small, controlled fire set in the path of a larger uncontrolled fire, in order to limit the spread of the large fire by removing its fuel …   Wiktionary

  • BACK-FIRE — …   Useful english dictionary

  • back·fire — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Complete Best: Back Fire — Greatest hits album by Show Ya Released 1992 …   Wikipedia

  • fire — fire1 W1S1 [faıə US faır] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(flames that destroy things)¦ 2¦(flames for heating/cooking etc)¦ 3¦(heating equipment)¦ 4¦(shooting)¦ 5¦(be attacked)¦ 6¦(emotion)¦ 7 fire in your belly 8¦(sick/injured)¦ 9 light a fire under somebody …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Back-firing — Backfire Back fire Back fire Back fire , v. i. 1. (Engin.) To have or experience a back fire or back fires; said of an internal combustion engine. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. Of a Bunsen or similar air fed burner, to light so that the flame proceeds …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fire In The Attic — Gründung 2003 Genre Post Hardcore Alternative Rock Website www.fireintheattic.com Gründungsmitglieder Gesang Ole Feltes …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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