- Shambles Square, Manchester
Shambles Square is a square in
Manchester, England, created in 1999 to house the rebuilt "Old Wellington Inn" and "Sinclair's Oyster Bar" next to the "Mitre Hotel".
"Shambles" was a name originally used for a street of
butchers shops where meatwas slaughtered and sold. It is derived from the Middle Englishword "schamel", which meant a bench, as for displaying meat for sale. [ [http://www.yourdictionary.com/shambles yourdictionary.com: Shambles] Retrieved on 2008-03-06] A shambles would have had blood, pieces of meat and offalrunning down the gutter, [Worthington (2005), p. 9] and although the original meaning of the word fell into disuse, it survived as a word meaning a scene of disorder. There are also streets known as "The Shambles" in other towns in the United Kingdom, such as York, Stroud, Worcester, Whitby, Sevenoaks, Chesterfieldand Armagh.
The building that is now "The Old Wellington Inn" was built in 1552 next to Manchester's
market square. In 1554 it was purchased by the Byrom family and became part residence and part drapers shop. The writer John Byromwas born there in 1692. The premises were licensed in 1862 and became the "Vintners Arms", then the "Kenyon Vaults" and later "The Old Wellington Inn". The building was extended in the 18th century to house "John Shaw's Punch House" which, as the name suggests, was licensed for the sale of strong alcoholic punch (drink)and became a meeting place for High Tories and possibly Jacobites. [Worthington (2005), p. 11] After John Shaw’s death in 1796 it became "Sinclair's", until oysters were introduced to the menu in 1845 and it became known as "Sinclair's Oyster Bar".
Many of the buildings in the market place were demolished in the
Victorian erato make way for road improvements. During the Manchester Blitzin 1940 the rest of the buildings were destroyed leaving The Shambles as one of the few pre-19th century buildings, and The Wellington Inn as the only surviving Tudor building in Manchester City Centre. The buildings were both designated as Grade II listed builings in 1952. [ [http://www.manchester.gov.uk/site/scripts/documents_info.php?categoryID=514&documentID=1908&pageNumber=18 Manchester City Council: Listed Buildings by Street] Retrieved 2008-03-11]
In 1974 most of the old property between Shudehill and Market Street was demolished to accommodate the new Arndale Shopping Centre. The Shambles was underpinned with a concrete raft and, according to the Greater Manchester County Records Office, jacked-up 4 feet 9 inches to fit in with this development in the newly created Shambles Square. [ [http://www.gmcro.co.uk/Photography/locations/Wellington.htm Greater Manchester county Records Office: Wellington Inn] Retrieved on
2008-03-11] In 1996 an IRA terrorist bomb was exploded in nearby Corporation Street. Many of the surrounding buildings were badly damaged but The Shambles was protected by the concrete buildings around it and suffered only minimal damage. In 1998, £12M funding was provided by the government-sponsored Redevelopment Agency English Partnerships, private companies, the European Communityand Manchester City Councilto redevelop Shambles Square. [ [http://www.manchesteronline.co.uk/ewm/ewm98/ewm216.html Eyewitness Manchester: 20 April 1998] Retrieved 2008-03-10] The buildings were subsequently dismantled and moved 300 metres northwards to their present location, close to Manchester Cathedralin 1999. [ [http://www.manchesteronline.co.uk/mancunian/expats/s/87/87111_the_great_survivors_.html Manchester Online: The Great Survivors (13 April 2004).] Retrieved 2008-03-12] The Old Wellington Inn and Sinclair's were rebuilt at 90 degrees to each other and joined together by a stone extension to form two sides of the new Shambles Square. The third side of the square is fronted by "The Mitre Hotel" which was built as "The Old Church Tavern" in 1815. [Warrender (2007), p. 11] Prince Charles Edward Stuartis said to have reviewed his troops by the tavern in 1745. [Warrender (2007), p. 11] It was renamed as "The Mitre Hotel" around 1835. [Warrender (2007), p. 11]
History of Manchester
*cite book |last=Worthington |first=Barry |title=Discovering Manchester: A walking guide to Manchester and Salford |publisher=Sigma Leisure |date=2005 |location=
Wilmslow|pages=240 |url=http://www.sigmapress.co.uk |isbn=1-85058-774-4
*cite book |last=Warrender |first=Keith |title=Underground Manchester:Secrets of the city revealed |publisher=Willow Publishing |date=2007 |location=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Manchester — Manchester … Wikipédia en Français
Manchester city centre — Coordinates: 53°28′45″N 2°14′39″W / 53.479167°N 2.244167°W / 53.479167; 2.244167 … Wikipedia
Manchester City Centre — Infobox UK place country = England map type= Greater Manchester static static image caption=Manchester City Centre is the central business district of Greater Manchester official name= Manchester City Centre latitude= 53.479167 longitude=… … Wikipedia
Manchester Arndale — Location Manchester, England Coordinates … Wikipedia
Economy of Manchester — The economy of Manchester is one of the largest in the United Kingdom. Manchester, a city of 458,100 in North West England, lies at the heart of one of Europe s largest metropolitan areas, contributing to the city s status as a major commercial… … Wikipedia
Structure relocation — Hydraulically powered dollies move an historic 19th century church in Salem, Massachusetts. A structure relocation is the process of moving a structure from one location to another. There are two main ways for a structure to be moved:… … Wikipedia
List of public houses in the United Kingdom — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. The following is a list of public houses in the United Kingdom. Contents 1 England 1 … Wikipedia
Oldham Street — Aerial view of Oldham Street Af … Wikipedia
York — For other uses, see York (disambiguation). York Unitary Authority and City … Wikipedia
Huddersfield — For the constituency of the same name, see Huddersfield (UK Parliament constituency). Coordinates: 53°38′42″N 1°46′47″W / 53.6450°N 1.7798°W / … Wikipedia