Chapel-en-le-Frith


Chapel-en-le-Frith

Coordinates: 53°19′19″N 1°55′01″W / 53.322°N 1.917°W / 53.322; -1.917

Chapel-en-le-Frith
Chapel-en-le-Frith.JPG
Market square, Chapel-en-le-Frith
Chapel-en-le-Frith is located in Derbyshire
Chapel-en-le-Frith

 Chapel-en-le-Frith shown within Derbyshire
Population 8,821 (Parish)
OS grid reference SK055806
Parish Chapel-en-le-Frith
District High Peak
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HIGH PEAK
Postcode district SK23
Dialling code 01298
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament High Peak
List of places: UK • England • Derbyshire

Chapel-en-le-Frith (pronounced /ˌtʃæpəl ˌɒn lə ˈfrɪθ/) is a small town in Derbyshire, England, on the edge of the Peak District near the border with Cheshire, 33 km (21 miles) from Manchester. Dubbed "The Capital of the Peak District", the settlement was established by the Normans in the 12th century, originally as a hunting lodge within the Forest of High Peak. This led to the French-derived name of Chapel-en-le-Frith ("Chapel in the forest").[1] The population of 'Chapel', as the locals commonly refer to it, is approximately 10,000. For some years Chapel was the location of the High Peak Borough Council offices. There is a golf club, a cricket club and a football club.

Contents

Church of St Thomas Becket

The first chapel in the town (now the Church of St. Thomas Becket) was originally built by the Normans but was replaced with a larger building a hundred years later. It stands at the highest point in the town. The current building is now almost entirely of 18th-century construction. Buried in the churchyard are soldiers of the Scottish army of the Duke of Hamilton who marched south in support of Charles I in 1648. After their defeat at Preston, they were marched to Chapel and imprisoned in the church for sixteen days in such squalid conditions that forty died; a further ten died when they were marched towards Cheshire. The Eccles Pike Cross lies in the churchyard. It was moved here from Ollerenshaw Farm in 1925. It is believed to be Anglo-Saxon and is covered in very worn carvings.[2]

Customs

A curfew bell has been rung in the town since 1070, and on Shrove Tuesday a Pudding Bell is rung at eleven in the morning to remind housewives to prepare their batter.

There is a regular market place, cobbled and raised above the High Street, which is still used every Thursday to host the local market (though due to the current economic climate the number of stalls present has declined considerably). A market cross has a faint date which may read 1636, but the cross itself is considerably older.[2]

Industry

There is a certain amount of industry — especially behind the church in the lowest part of the town, where the brake-lining manufacturer Ferodo (an anagram of Frood, the 19th-century founder's name, with the addition of a letter "e") was a family concern for over a hundred years; it is now part of the international conglomerate Federal-Mogul.

Institutions

Chapel Poor Law Union was established in December 1837. The union workhouse was built c.1840 on the Whaley Bridge road (grid reference SK051805). It consisted of an entrance range and an accommodation block of three wings centred on an octagonal hub, an infirmary and an isolation hospital. The workhouse was later converted to an old people's home, and was demolished in the early 1980s.[3]

High Peak Radio, Independent Local Radio for High Peak and the Hope Valley, broadcasts from studios just off the High Street.

Transport

Chapel-en-le-Frith railway station is located 1.5 km (ca. 1 mile) from the town centre, on the commuter line from Buxton to Manchester Piccadilly. The other railway line passing through the town, which has a more centrally located station (Chapel-en-le-Frith Central, built by the Midland Railway), was once one of the main lines from London to Manchester. While it no longer carries passenger traffic, it now carries a constant stream of roadstone from the quarries around Buxton. It terminates at its junction with the Manchester–Sheffield trans-Pennine line by way of two viaducts, diverging east and west, above the Black Brook valley at Chapel Milton near Chinley signalbox.

Near the former Chapel-en-le-Frith Central in 1957

Moorlands

To the north lie the Dark Peak highlands, which are made up of millstone grit and are heather-covered, rugged and bleak. Here are Chinley Churn and South Head with, a little further off, Kinder Scout, which looms above the whole area. To the south is the gentler and more pastoral White Peak, consisting largely of limestone grasslands, nevertheless with spectacular bluffs and the occasional gorge. Combs Moss, a gritstone 'edge', dominates the valley in which Chapel lies from the south and Eccles Pike rises sharply above the town to its west.

Education

There are two schools in the town; Chapel-en-le-Frith High School and Chapel-en-le-Frith Primary School.

References

  1. ^ Parish Council history page
  2. ^ a b Neville T. Sharpe, Crosses of the Peak District (Landmark Collectors Library, 2002)
  3. ^ Higginbotham, P. (2007), Workhouses of the Midlands, Tempus, Stroud. Page 27. ISBN 978-0-7524-4488-8

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chapel in the Frith — (spr. Tschäpp l in the Freith), Marktflecken in der englischen Grafschaft Derby; Baumwollenwaarenfabrik, Brunnen mit regelmäßiger Ebbe u. Fluth; 3600 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chapel en le Frith — Original name in latin Chapel en le Frith Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.32407 latitude 1.91291 altitude 225 Population 6728 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chapel-en-le-Frith High School — The school logo …   Wikipedia

  • Chapel-en-le-Frith railway station — Chapel en le Frith View looking west Location …   Wikipedia

  • Chapel-en-le-Frith Central railway station — Chapel en le Frith Central Location Place Chapel en le Frith Area High Peak Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Chapel (disambiguation) — For other uses, see Chapels (disambiguation). A Chapel is a private church or area of worship. Chapel may also refer to: In architecture: Chapel, in English English a building used for church services which is not a parish church or cathedral… …   Wikipedia

  • Chapel Milton — Coordinates: 53°19′59″N 1°55′01″W / 53.333°N 1.917°W / 53.333; 1.917 …   Wikipedia

  • Frith — Safety, security, peace; later, a deer park or forest; also a place where fish were kept. The word is still to be found, e.g. in Chapel en le Frith (Derbyshire) or Frithville (Lincolnshire). As a verb, frith = to fence something in (and to… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Chapel Inclined Plane — The Chapel Inclined Plane is an inclined plane immediately to the south of Chapel en le Frith, High Peak, Derbyshire. Purpose The ground here rises sharply and the inclined plane was built to connect the lower and upper levels of the Peak Forest… …   Wikipedia

  • Upper Chapel — Facade of the Upper Chapel …   Wikipedia


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