Yankton, South Dakota


Yankton, South Dakota

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Yankton, South Dakota
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settlement_type = City
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map_caption = Location in Yankton County and the state of South Dakota


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = South Dakota
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Yankton
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area_total_km2 = 20.7
area_land_km2 = 20.1
area_water_km2 = 0.6
area_total_sq_mi = 8
area_land_sq_mi = 7.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
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population_as_of = 2000
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population_total = 13528
population_density_km2 = 653.5
population_density_sq_mi = 1691
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timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 42 |latm = 52 |lats = 54 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 23 |longs = 33 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 369
elevation_ft = 1211
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 57078-57079
area_code = 605
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 46-73060GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1259091GR|3
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Yankton is a city in Yankton County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 13,528 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Yankton CountyGR|6. Yankton was the original capital of Dakota Territory. It is named for the Yankton tribe of Nakota (Sioux) Native Americans. Yankton is located on the Missouri River just downstream of the Gavins Point Dam and Lewis and Clark Lake and just upstream of the confluence with the James River. Yankton is commonly referred to as the 'River City', due to its close proximity to the Missouri River, and the importance that it played in the city's settling and subsequent development.

Geography

Yankton is located at coor dms|42|52|54|N|97|23|33|W|city (42.881647, -97.392485)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.0 square miles (20.7 km²), of which, 7.8 square miles (20.1 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (3.00%) is water.

Yankton has been assigned the ZIP codes 57078-57079 and the FIPS place code 73060.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,528 people, 5,369 households, and 3,232 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,743.2 people per square mile (673.1/km²). There were 5,735 housing units at an average density of 739.0/sq mi (285.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.35% White, 1.64% African American, 1.58% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% of the population.

There were 5,369 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,843, and the median income for a family was $44,009. Males had a median income of $29,012 versus $20,577 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,954. About 6.2% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

According to the 2003 Coldwell Banker Housing Price Comparison Index (HPCI), Yankton was found to have the lowest housing costs of any municipal entity in the entire United States. This is no longer the case as of [http://hpci.coldwellbanker.com/hpci_full.aspx the 2005 HPCI] .

History

Part of the vast Louisiana Purchase, the site of Yankton was visited by Lewis and Clark in 1804. However, the land was not opened for settlement by treaty until 1859. [ [http://www.yanktonsd.com/subcategory.cfm?cat_id=4&subcat_id=6 Yankton SD – What a Discovery ] ] The city was founded where the small Rhine Creek (renamed Marne Creek in World War I) flowed into the Missouri River. [ [http://www.yankton.net/history/ Press & Dakotan - History of Yankton, South Dakota ] ] The city grew as a stop for steamboats to take on fresh water and supplies, especially after steamboat traffic boomed when gold was discovered in the Black Hills.

Frank M. Ziebach established the second newspaper in the area that became South Dakota, the "Weekly Dakotan", in Yankton on June 6, 1861, bringing his outfit from Sioux Falls by team and wagon. [”History of American Journalism”, James Melvin Lee, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917, pp. 246, 247. “Who’s Who in South Dakota”, Oscar William Coursey, Educator Supply Company, 1917. According to these sources, the first newspaper in what is now South Dakota was the "Dakota Democrat" published in Sioux Falls for about four years starting in 1858, and the "Weekly Dakotan" was the second newspaper in what is now South Dakota, starting on June 4, 1861.] Yankton was the territorial capitol of the Dakota Territory from 1861 until 1883 (when the capitol was moved to Bismarck) [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_Territory] and during this period the newspaper in Yankton grew swiftly with its reporting of the political wars of the Dakota Territory. [http://johnson.senate.gov/sd/county/ziebach.cfm Page for Ziebach County in South Dakota Senator Tim Johnson's web site] The newspaper started by Frank M. Ziebach is still published today as the Yankton "Press and Dakotan". [A South Dakota Guide, Federal Writer’s Project, 1938, p. 35.]

Education

Yankton is served by the Yankton Public School District (K-12), Sacred Heart Catholic School (pK-8), and Mount Marty College.

Yankton was once home to Yankton College; founded in 1881, it was the first liberal arts college in the Dakota Territory. The college closed in 1984. The campus was acquired by the Federal Bureau of Prisons in 1988 for use as the [http://www.bop.gov/locations/institutions/yan/index.jsp Federal Prison Camp - Yankton] .

The Yankton School District has a variety of extracurricular activities including athletics and non-athletics. The athletic teams are universal on all levels of education including the Yankton Middle School and the Yankton High School. The men's athletic team is known as the Yankton Bucks and the women's team is known as the Yankton Gazelles. Yankton's debate team is the host of the annual Lewis and Clark Debate Tournament, held on the last weekend of the month of January.

Transportation

The city is served by Chan Gurney Municipal Airport

Media

KVTK (1570 AM) is a radio station licensed to Yankton.

Yankton is also home to South Dakota Magazine, a statewide bi-monthly publication that explores the history, culture, arts, travel and outdoors of the state. It is published in a historic building constructed in 1875 by Territorial Governor John Pennington.

Culture

Yankton's Riverboat Days is an annual celebration held in the third full weekend in August that attracts 135,000 people. The primarily free event hosts over 150 artists and over 50 food vendors at Riverside Park. Other activities include a rodeo, parade, golf tournament and a snowmobile grass drag race.

Famous Yankton natives and residents

*Tom Brokaw, former NBC anchorman.
*Lyle Alzado, NFL player, played college football at Yankton College.
*Adam Vinatieri, NFL placekicker for the Indianapolis Colts, was born in Yankton.
*Robert H. Warren, fourth Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofyankton.org/ City of Yankton government website]
* [http://www.riverboatdays.com/ Riverboat Days]
* [http://www.yanktonkiosk.com/ Yankton Travel Guide]
* [http://www.yankton.net/ Yankton Press & Dakotan - local newspaper]
* [http://www.southdakotamagazine.com/ South Dakota Magazine - state magazine]
* [http://wnax.com/ WNAX AM radio]


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