- Yankton, South Dakota
official_name = Yankton, South Dakota
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Yankton County and the state of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Yankton
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 20.7
area_land_km2 = 20.1
area_water_km2 = 0.6
area_total_sq_mi = 8
area_land_sq_mi = 7.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 13528
population_density_km2 = 653.5
population_density_sq_mi = 1691
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 42 |latm = 52 |lats = 54 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 23 |longs = 33 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 369
elevation_ft = 1211
postal_code = 57078-57079
area_code = 605
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 46-73060GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1259091GR|3
Yankton is a city in Yankton County,
South Dakota, United States. The population was 13,528 at the 2000 census. It is the county seatof Yankton CountyGR|6. Yankton was the original capital of Dakota Territory. It is named for the Yankton tribe of Nakota (Sioux) Native Americans. Yankton is located on the Missouri Riverjust downstream of the Gavins Point Damand Lewis and Clark Lakeand just upstream of the confluence with the James River. Yankton is commonly referred to as the 'River City', due to its close proximity to the Missouri River, and the importance that it played in the city's settling and subsequent development.
Yankton is located at coor dms|42|52|54|N|97|23|33|W|city (42.881647, -97.392485)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.0 square miles (20.7 km²), of which, 7.8 square miles (20.1 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (3.00%) is water.
Yankton has been assigned the
ZIP codes 57078-57079 and the FIPS place code73060.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,528 people, 5,369 households, and 3,232 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,743.2 people per square mile (673.1/km²). There were 5,735 housing units at an average density of 739.0/sq mi (285.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.35% White, 1.64% African American, 1.58% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% of the population.
There were 5,369 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,843, and the median income for a family was $44,009. Males had a median income of $29,012 versus $20,577 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,954. About 6.2% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2003 Coldwell Banker Housing Price Comparison Index (HPCI), Yankton was found to have the lowest housing costs of any municipal entity in the entire
United States. This is no longer the case as of [http://hpci.coldwellbanker.com/hpci_full.aspx the 2005 HPCI] .
Part of the vast
Louisiana Purchase, the site of Yankton was visited by Lewis and Clarkin 1804. However, the land was not opened for settlement by treaty until 1859. [ [http://www.yanktonsd.com/subcategory.cfm?cat_id=4&subcat_id=6 Yankton SD – What a Discovery ] ] The city was founded where the small Rhine Creek (renamed Marne Creek in World War I) flowed into the Missouri River. [ [http://www.yankton.net/history/ Press & Dakotan - History of Yankton, South Dakota ] ] The city grew as a stop for steamboats to take on fresh water and supplies, especially after steamboat traffic boomed when gold was discovered in the Black Hills.
Frank M. Ziebach established the second newspaper in the area that became South Dakota, the "Weekly Dakotan", in Yankton on June 6, 1861, bringing his outfit from
Sioux Fallsby team and wagon. [”History of American Journalism”, James Melvin Lee, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917, pp. 246, 247. “Who’s Who in South Dakota”, Oscar William Coursey, Educator Supply Company, 1917. According to these sources, the first newspaper in what is now South Dakota was the "Dakota Democrat" published in Sioux Falls for about four years starting in 1858, and the "Weekly Dakotan" was the second newspaper in what is now South Dakota, starting on June 4, 1861.] Yanktonwas the territorial capitol of the Dakota Territoryfrom 1861 until 1883 (when the capitol was moved to Bismarck) [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_Territory] and during this period the newspaper in Yanktongrew swiftly with its reporting of the political wars of the Dakota Territory. [http://johnson.senate.gov/sd/county/ziebach.cfm Page for Ziebach County in South Dakota Senator Tim Johnson's web site] The newspaper started by Frank M. Ziebach is still published today as the Yankton"Press and Dakotan". [A South Dakota Guide, Federal Writer’s Project, 1938, p. 35.]
Yankton is served by the Yankton Public School District (K-12), Sacred Heart Catholic School (pK-8), and
Mount Marty College.
Yankton was once home to
Yankton College; founded in 1881, it was the first liberal artscollege in the Dakota Territory. The college closed in 1984. The campus was acquired by the Federal Bureau of Prisonsin 1988 for use as the [http://www.bop.gov/locations/institutions/yan/index.jsp Federal Prison Camp - Yankton] .
The Yankton School District has a variety of
extracurricularactivities including athletics and non-athletics. The athletic teams are universal on all levels of education including the Yankton Middle School and the Yankton High School. The men's athletic team is known as the Yankton Bucks and the women's team is known as the Yankton Gazelles. Yankton's debate team is the host of the annual Lewis and Clark DebateTournament, held on the last weekend of the month of January.
The city is served by
Chan Gurney Municipal Airport
KVTK(1570 AM) is a radio station licensed to Yankton.
Yankton is also home to South Dakota Magazine, a statewide bi-monthly publication that explores the history, culture, arts, travel and outdoors of the state. It is published in a historic building constructed in 1875 by Territorial Governor
Yankton's Riverboat Days is an annual celebration held in the third full weekend in August that attracts 135,000 people. The primarily free event hosts over 150 artists and over 50 food vendors at Riverside Park. Other activities include a rodeo, parade, golf tournament and a snowmobile grass drag race.
Famous Yankton natives and residents
Tom Brokaw, former NBCanchorman.
Lyle Alzado, NFLplayer, played college football at Yankton College.
Adam Vinatieri, NFLplacekicker for the Indianapolis Colts, was born in Yankton.
Robert H. Warren, fourth Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy
* [http://www.cityofyankton.org/ City of Yankton government website]
* [http://www.riverboatdays.com/ Riverboat Days]
* [http://www.yanktonkiosk.com/ Yankton Travel Guide]
* [http://www.yankton.net/ Yankton Press & Dakotan - local newspaper]
* [http://www.southdakotamagazine.com/ South Dakota Magazine - state magazine]
* [http://wnax.com/ WNAX AM radio]
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