- Party switching
In many countries, party-switching takes the form of politicians refusing to support their political parties in
coalition governments. This happens particularly commonly in countries without firmly-established political parties, such as Vanuatuand French Polynesiawhere in 2004, a few members of various parties left the governing coalition, forcing it to collapse. As in the United States, party switches often occur with the formation of new parties — witness the situation in the United Kingdom, where some Liberals moved to the Labour Party in the early twentieth century. In formerly communistcountries in Europe, de-Sovietisation saw many Communist-Party representatives switch to other parties ranging on the political spectrum from socialist to conservative. Australiahas seen high-profile defections since 1995, including the 1997 move by Cheryl Kernot(then leader of the Australian Democrats) to the Labor Party, the declared independence of former Labor senator Mal Colston(1996) and the disintegration of the Democrats.
In the United States' political landscape, dominated by its
two-party system, switches generally occur between the Republican Party and the Democratic Party, although a number of notable switches to and from third parties (and even between different third parties) have occurred. Since 2004, in a reversal of a trend that had seen predominantly Democratic office-holders switching labels, a number of Republican elected officials in states throughout the country have opted to become Democrats.Fact|date=February 2008 One other notable "switch" took place in 2000 when Senator Jim Jeffordsdefected from the Republican Party to become a political independent, which placed the Senate in Democratic control. Use of the term party switch often connotes a transfer of held power from one party to another. The majority of party-switchers in the modern era have switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party. This behavior has occurred mostly in the South, due to the gains of the Republican Party since 1950 and has proven somewhat beneficial to the Democrats overall, resulting in increasing the ideological coherence of the Democratic Party as Southern conservative Democrats left the party.
Nicaraguasome major party switches occurred between 2002 and 2006 when the two major political parties, the Constitutional Liberal Partyand the Sandinista National Liberation Front, formed a pact and members of both parties left to form new parties or make alliances with smaller ones.
In some cases, the defectors from an opposition party may choose to support a ruling coalition. In Poland, for example, the exit of the populist
Samoobronaparty from the government prompted a number of its members to leave and form a new parliamentary group.
Party switching also occurs quite commonly in
Indiaand the Philippines.
Party switching in the United States
Crossing the floor, which in some Westminster systems may express a specialised meaning similar to party-switching
Floor crossing (South Africa)
List of Canadian politicians who have crossed the floor
List of British Members of Parliament who crossed the floor
Waka-jumping- party-hopping New-Zealand-style
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Party switching in the United States — In United States politics, party switching is any change in party affiliation of a partisan public figure, usually one who is currently holding elected office. In the United States dominant two party system, the switches most commonly occur… … Wikipedia
Switching — Ein Switch (engl. Schalter; auch Weiche) ist eine Netzwerk Komponente zur Verbindung mehrerer Computer bzw. Netz Segmente in einem lokalen Netzwerk (LAN). Da Switches den Netzwerkverkehr analysieren und logische Entscheidungen treffen, werden sie … Deutsch Wikipedia
Party People (Nelly song) — Infobox Single B side = Wadsyaname Name = Party People Artist = Nelly featuring Fergie from Album = Brass Knuckles and B side = Cut It Out Caption = Explicit version cover Released = Start date|2008|3|18 Format = CD single, music download… … Wikipedia
Party of Danube Serbs — Infobox State of former Yugoslavia Political Party party name = Партија подунавских Срба, ППС Partija podunavskih Srba, PPS english name = Party of Danube Serbs country = Croatia leader = Rade Leskovac foundation = ideology = headquarters =… … Wikipedia
Conservative Party of New York State — Chairman Michael R. Long Founded 1962 (1962) … Wikipedia
Jim Anderton's Progressive Party — Leader Jim Anderton Deputy Leader Matt Robson Founded … Wikipedia
New Zealand Progressive Party — Infobox New Zealand Political Party name english = New Zealand Progressive Party name maori = party party wikicolourid = NZPP leader = Jim Anderton president = deputy = mps = 1 foundation = 2002 ideology = Progressivism [according to the party s… … Wikipedia
Conservative Party of New York — Infobox Political party party name = Conservative Party of New York party colorcode = #FFFFFF leader = chairman = Michael R. Long spokesperson = foundation = 1962 ideology = headquarters = Hamilton Station, NY international = website =… … Wikipedia
Number Five Crossbar Switching System — The Number Five Crossbar Switching System or 5XB switch, designed by Bell Labs and made by Western Electric, was in use in Bell System telephone exchanges from 1948 to the 1980s. Its principal use was as a Class 5 telephone switch, though… … Wikipedia
Green Party (United States) — Green Party Chairman 7 Co Chairs Founded 2001 (2001) … Wikipedia